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Joel Schumacher is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter, Producer and Costume Design American born on 28 august 1939 at New York City (USA)

Joel Schumacher

Joel Schumacher
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Birth name Joel T. Schumacher
Nationality USA
Birth 28 august 1939 (79 years) at New York City (USA)

Joel T. Schumacher (born August 29, 1939) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.

Biography

Jeunesse et formation
Joel Schumacher est né le 29 août 1939 à New York. Il est le fils de Francis Schumacher, protestant d'origine allemande venant du Tennessee, et de Marian Kantoreim, juive originaire de Suède dont la famille a quitté l'Europe au début de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Son père meurt alors qu'il n'a que quatre ans.

Il suit des études artistiques à New York et débute dans l'industrie du cinéma en faisant du design de costumes pour des films d'Herbert Ross et de Woody Allen entre autres.

Joel Schumacher est homosexuel et milite pour les droits des gays et des lesbiennes.


Débuts de réalisateur et révélation (années 1980)
Son premier film est The Incredible Shrinking Woman qui sort en 1981, mais son premier succès public en tant que scénariste et réalisateur est St. Elmo's Fire en 1985 avec une distribution chorale menée par une jeune Demi Moore. Le cinéaste retrouve cette bande d'acteurs, le Brat Pack, pour Génération Perdue, qu'il se contente de réaliser. Cette incursion dans un registre fantastique lui permet d'enfin obtenir d'excellentes critiques .

Il s'aventure dans le registre de la comédie romantique pour Cousins, où il dirige une nouvelle fois une brochette d'acteurs, avant de revenir au thriller psychologique d'horreur pour L'Expérience interdite, un succès commercial, mais aux critiques mitigées , qui se contentent d'apprécier le sens du visuel du cinéaste. L'acteur Michael Douglas, producteur de ce carton de l'été 1990, lui demande en 1993 de mettre en scène un thriller psychologique néo-noir, où il jouera un Américain moyen ayant tout perdu, et lancé dans une auto-destruction violente et radicale de son existence, Chute libre. Le second succès critique du réalisateur .


Réalisateur à succès (années 1990)
Adaptations de John Grisham
Entre-temps, le réalisateur est en effet convoité par les studios pour diriger des stars du moment. En 1991, il met ainsi en scène le mélodrame Le Choix d'aimer, avec Julia Roberts, puis, en 1995, le thriller judiciaire Le Client d'après le roman de John Grisham, avec Susan Sarandon, Tommy Lee Jones et Mary Louise Parker. Un carton critique et commercial . Et Grisham demande lui-même que Schumacher s'attelle à l'adaptation de son prochain roman. Le Droit de tuer ? sort en 1996, avec cette fois Matthew McConaughey, Samuel L. Jackson et Sandra Bullock dans les rôles principaux. Les critiques sont positives.

Entre-temps, le cinéaste se voit confier un autre travail d'adaptation, plus proche du registre fantastique qui l'a révélé auprès de la critique.


Batman
En 1995, la Warner Bros le choisit en remplacement de Tim Burton pour réaliser Batman Forever, le troisième long métrage depuis 1989 consacré à Batman, le héros masqué du comics de Bob Kane. Val Kilmer succède à Michael Keaton dans le rôle-titre. La distribution comprend également Nicole Kidman en psychiatre amoureuse de l'homme-chauve-souris, mais aussi Tommy Lee Jones en Double-Face, Jim Carrey en Homme-Mystère et Chris O'Donnell en Robin. Malgré les mauvaises critiques des fans de la bande dessinée, plus nombreuses que pour les précédents films mis en scène par Tim Burton (Batman et Batman : Le Défi), ce troisième opus est un succès au box-office. Schumacher est reconduit par le studio en 1997 pour mettre en scène le quatrième film tiré de la saga, Batman et Robin, avec George Clooney en Batman, Arnold Schwarzenegger en Mr. Freeze, Uma Thurman en Poison Ivy, Alicia Silverstone en Batgirl ou encore Chris O'Donnell, toujours en Robin. Le film est un échec commercial : son côté ironique, son esthétique kitsch proche du style camp et plusieurs allusions homosexuelles sont décriés par la presse et les fans. Le cinéaste présente des excuses « pour avoir tué Batman ».

La Warner avait entrepris de lui faire réaliser le cinquième épisode de la saga. Intitulé Batman Triumphant avec une affiche identique à celle de Batman et Robin à savoir George Clooney en Batman, Chris O'Donnell en Robin et Alicia Silverstone en Batgirl, le film aurait dû ressusciter le Joker, accompagné de son acolyte Harley Quinn et de l'Épouvantail. Jack Nicholson a été sollicité pour reprendre le rôle du Joker, tenu dans le film de 1989, et Nicolas Cage pour incarner l'Épouvantail. Cependant, le lourd échec critique et public de Batman et Robin finit par provoquer l'abandon du projet.


Retour contrasté (années 2000)
Le réalisateur s'éloigne d'abord des studios, en réalisant deux films indépendants, bénéficiant néanmoins de stars en têtes d'affiche : le violent thriller 8 millimètres, mettant en scène un Nicolas Cage enquêtant sur un snuff movie ; puis il revient à l'écriture pour Personne n'est parfait(e), une comédie dramatique loufoque avec Robert De Niro et Philip Seymour Hoffman.

En 2000, il opère un retour en grâce en dirigeant la valeur montante Colin Farrell dans le salué film de guerre Tigerland. Le film lui permet de renouer avec les critiques. Il enchaîne néanmoins avec deux échecs : le buddy-movie Bad Company, porté par le tandem Anthony Hopkins/Chris Rock, et un retour au thriller pour Veronica Guerin, avec Cate Blanchett dans le rôle-titre.

En 2002, il peut compter sur un thriller-concept porté de nouveau par Colin Farrell pour combiner succès critique et commercial : Phone Game lui permet aussi de confier un rôle original à Kiefer Sutherland et d'opter pour une mise en scène originale du huis clos minimaliste permis par le scénario.

En 2004, le réalisateur dévoile un travail personnel : une adaptation de la pièce britannique classique : Le Fantôme de l'Opéra, qu'il écrit et réalise. Le box-office est positif, mais les critiques sont mauvaises . C'est pour son projet suivant qu'il connait cependant un véritable flop critique : en 2007, douze ans après Batman Forever, Schumacher retrouve l'acteur Jim Carrey (qui avait renoncé à Phone Game à la dernière minute) pour un thriller psychologique d'horreur, Nombre 23. Les critiques sont catastrophiques et éloignent Carrey du cinéma dramatique pendant presque dix ans.

Quant à Schumacher, il se tourne vers des productions beaucoup moins exposées.


Échecs et télévision (années 2010)
En 2009, il reste dans un registre violent et adulte pour Blood Creek, avec la valeur montante Michael Fassbender dans le rôle principal. Puis il dirige une bande de jeunes acteurs vedettes de productions adolescentes dans le drame choral sur la jeunesse new-yorkaise, Twelve : un flop critique et commercial.

En 2011, Nicolas Cage et Nicole Kidman lui renouvellent néanmoins leur confiance pour le thriller Effraction, un nouveau flop.

En 2013, il se voit confier la réalisation des épisodes 5 et 6 de la première saison de la série politique House of Cards, très acclamée, que produit son ami David Fincher.

Best films

Batman Forever (1995)
(Director)
Batman & Robin (1997)
(Director)
The Phantom of the Opera (2004)
(Director)
A Time to Kill (1996)
(Director)
The Client (1994)
(Director)
Phone Booth (2002)
(Director)

Usually with

Mark Stevens
Mark Stevens
(8 films)
Ve Neill
Ve Neill
(6 films)
John Fink
John Fink
(6 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Joel Schumacher (33 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Side by Side, 1h38
Origin USA
Genres Documentary
Themes Films about films, Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the visual arts, Documentary films about the film industry
Actors James Cameron, David Fincher, John Malkovich, Danny Boyle, David Lynch, Robert Rodríguez
Roles Himself
Rating75% 3.79733.79733.79733.79733.7973
The documentary investigates the history, process and workflow of both digital and photochemical film creation. It shows what artists and filmmakers have been able to accomplish with both film and digital and how their needs and innovations have helped push filmmaking in new directions. Interviews with directors, cinematographers, colorists, scientists, engineers and artists reveal their experiences and feelings about working with film and digital.
Welcome to Hollywood, 1h29
Directed by Adam Rifkin
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors Dennis Hopper, John Travolta, Adam Rifkin, Scott Wolf, Nicolas Cage, Peter Facinelli
Roles Joel Schumacher
Rating53% 2.6584952.6584952.6584952.6584952.658495
Un réalisateur décide de prendre en main la carrière d'un jeune acteur.
Car Wash
Car Wash (1976)
, 1h37
Directed by Michael Schultz
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romance
Themes Films about music and musicians, Films about sexuality, LGBT-related films, Musical films, LGBT-related films, LGBT-related film
Actors Franklyn Ajaye, Bill Duke, George Carlin, Irwin Corey, Ivan Dixon, Antonio Fargas
Rating60% 3.0017453.0017453.0017453.0017453.001745
Le film conte une journée ordinaire dans une station de lavage manuelle de Los Angeles. On trouve le patron américain type (Sully Boyar) affublé de son fils maoïste, les laveurs de voiture, petites gens venus de tous les horizons (Jack Kehoe, Pepe Serna, Henry Kingi, Clarence Muse), et les divers clients (Lorraine Gary, Richard Pryor, Irwin Corey), tous sont plus farfelus les uns que les autres : le rebelle prônant la suprématie noire (Bill Duke), l’ancien détenu, l'obèse surnommé Hippo, les jeunes écervelés, l’homosexuel (Antonio Fargas), le bookmaker, les danseurs qui croient qu'Hollywood les attend, l’amoureux transi (Franklyn Ajaye), qui rêve de devenir un super-héros, mais qui n'arrive pas à séduire la serveuse du restaurant d'en face (Tracy Reed).

Director

Trespass
Trespass (2011)
, 1h30
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Crime
Actors Nicolas Cage, Nicole Kidman, Liana Liberato, Cam Gigandet, Ben Mendelsohn, Jordana Spiro
Rating53% 2.6515352.6515352.6515352.6515352.651535
The film opens with fast-talking businessman and diamond dealer Kyle Miller (Nicolas Cage) speaking to a client over the phone as he returns to his lavish mansion home, his wife Sarah (Nicole Kidman) and his teenage daughter Avery (Liana Liberato). Despite the charming facade, it is immediately clear that the family is dysfunctional and emotionally distant: Avery disrespects her parents and, despite being forbidden to do so, sneaks out of the house to go to a party with her friend Kendra. Sarah appears bored with life as a housewife and yearns for more in her marriage while Kyle seems to harbor a hidden aversion towards his wife. Just as Kyle is about to leave for a business transaction, the house is suddenly invaded by a gang of robbers masquerading as police.
Twelve
Twelve (2010)
, 1h34
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Action, Crime
Themes Medical-themed films, Films about drugs, Films about sexuality, Films about virginity
Actors Chace Crawford, Rory Culkin, Emma Roberts, 50 Cent, Esti Ginzburg, Emily Meade
Rating57% 2.851532.851532.851532.851532.85153
The film opens during Spring Break on the Upper East Side. White Mike, once a wealthy, carefree teenager, now struggles to scrape out a living as a pot dealer, dealing to his former classmates. His mother died from breast cancer a year prior to the events of the film, her treatment having completely consumed his family's wealth, and left a deep emotional trauma on Mike. Mike's good friend, Molly Norton, a sweet girl from the poorer side of town, doesn't know he is a drug dealer. Mike's supplier, Lionel, also deals the addictive drug cocktail "Twelve" to Mike's cousin, Charlie. Charlie attempts to mug Lionel one night, as he is unable to pay for the drug. Lionel turns the gun on Charlie, shooting him at point blank range, before finding and executing Nana, an innocent observer, returning home after a basketball game at the Harlem Recreation Center. Mike and Charlie's good friend, Hunter, another resident of the wealthy Upper East Side, set on attending Harvard, who had played basketball with—-and got in a fight with—-Nana earlier that evening, is taken into custody for the murders. He visits Harlem regularly because he detests the high society of his classmates.
Blood Creek, 1h30
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Fantastic, Horror
Themes Medical-themed films, Zombie films, Films about viral outbreaks, Political films, Disaster films
Actors Dominic Purcell, Henry Cavill, Michael Fassbender, Wentworth Miller, Emma Booth, Shea Whigham
Rating53% 2.699852.699852.699852.699852.69985
In 1936, a German professor, Richard Wirth, is hosted by the Wollners, a family of German emigrants in West Virginia. The Wollners believe him to be a visiting scholar, but Wirth turns out to be a Nazi occultist who seeks a Viking runestone buried on their property. When Wirth reveals he wants to use it for evil, he is interrupted by the family, who trap him in their basement and bind him through a ritual that requires frequent human sacrifices. Linked to Wirth, the family survive through the decades, operating as both captors and servants to Wirth, who they keep weakened.
The Number 23, 1h35
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Fantastic, Horror, Crime
Themes Medical-themed films, Films about mathematics, Psychologie, Films about suicide, Films about psychiatry, Films about disabilities, Films set in psychiatric hospitals
Actors Jim Carrey, Virginia Madsen, Logan Lerman, Kate Beckinsale, Paul Butcher, Danny Huston
Rating63% 3.199993.199993.199993.199993.19999
The plot involves an obsession with the 23 enigma, which is the idea that all incidents and events are directly connected to the number 23, or to some number connected to 23.
The Phantom of the Opera, 2h23
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Musical theatre, Musical, Romance
Themes Films about music and musicians, Théâtre, Ghost films, Musical films, Films based on plays, Films based on musicals
Actors Gerard Butler, Emmy Rossum, Patrick Wilson, Miranda Richardson, Minnie Driver, Simon Callow
Rating72% 3.6492853.6492853.6492853.6492853.649285
In the year 1919, the Opéra Populaire holds a public auction to clear the theatre's vaults. The Vicomte de Chagny purchases a papier-mâché music box in the shape of a monkey and eyes it sadly as Madame Giry, an aged woman dressed in black, watches him. The auctioneer then presents a shattered chandelier as the next item up for bid, explaining that it once played a key role in "the strange affair of the Phantom of the Opéra." As the chandelier is displayed for all to see, it flickers to life and slowly ascends to its original place in the rafters as the audience is transported back in time to the year 1870.
Veronica Guerin, 1h38
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Biography, Crime
Themes Assassinat, Films about writers, Films about journalists, Mafia films, Medical-themed films, Films about drugs, Gangster films
Actors Cate Blanchett, Gerard McSorley, Ciarán Hinds, Brenda Fricker, Colin Farrell, Paudge Behan
Rating68% 3.4493953.4493953.4493953.4493953.449395
Veronica Guerin (Cate Blanchett) is a feisty crime reporter for the Sunday Independent. Suddenly aware of how much Dublin's illegal drug trade is encroaching upon the lives of its working class citizens, especially the children, she becomes determined to expose the men responsible for its spread.
Phone Booth, 1h21
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller
Themes L'action se déroule en une journée, Medical-themed films, Films about psychiatry
Actors Colin Farrell, Forest Whitaker, Radha Mitchell, Katie Holmes, Kiefer Sutherland, Domenick Lombardozzi
Rating70% 3.5488953.5488953.5488953.5488953.548895
Stu Shepard (Colin Farrell) is an arrogant New York City publicist who has been courting a woman named Pam (Katie Holmes) behind his wife Kelly (Radha Mitchell). He uses the last remaining public phone booth in the city to contact Pam. During the call, he is interrupted by a pizza delivery man, who attempts to deliver a free pizza to him, but Stu rudely turns him away by insulting his weight. As soon as Stu completes his call to Pam, the phone rings. Stu answers, to find that the caller (Kiefer Sutherland), who knows his name, warns him not to leave the booth, and says he will say hello to Pam for him. He also says he will call Kelly, leaving Stu panicked.
Bad Company, 1h56
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Comedy, Action, Adventure, Spy, Crime
Themes Spy films
Actors Anthony Hopkins, Chris Rock, Kerry Washington, Peter Stormare, Gabriel Macht, Brooke Smith
Rating55% 2.7994052.7994052.7994052.7994052.799405
When a mission to retrieve a stolen suitcase bomb goes bad, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) agent Kevin Pope (Rock) is killed. Pope was working undercover as an antiquities dealer under the name Michael Turner. The CIA, which is desperate to complete the mission, discovers that Agent Pope had a twin brother, Jake Hayes (also Rock), from whom he was separated at birth; their mother died giving birth and Hayes suffered from a severe lung infection that prompted the doctors to separate them because they felt that Hayes was unlikely to live for very long. Hayes hustles chess games, scalps tickets and works at small clubs in Jersey City, New Jersey to make ends meet. Meanwhile Hayes's girlfriend, Julie (Kerry Washington) grows tired of waiting for him to grow up and decides to move to Seattle, Washington.
Tigerland
Tigerland (2000)
, 1h40
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War
Themes Politique, Political films
Actors Colin Farrell, Matthew Davis, Clifton Collins, Jr., Tom Guiry, Shea Whigham, Michael Shannon
Rating69% 3.49923.49923.49923.49923.4992
It is September 1971 and it is clear that the US is losing the Vietnam War. In the opinion of the average American soldier who came of age during the Peace movement of the 1960s, Vietnam was "lost a long time ago". Roland Bozz (Colin Farrell), a draftee who is opposed to the war, is shown to be an unruly soldier with no respect for authority; he disobeys orders and talks back to his superiors. He quickly befriends another recruit, Jim Paxton (Matthew Davis), an aspiring writer who records his experiences in a personal journal. Unlike Bozz, Paxton volunteered for the Army. Upon reaching their post, the company commanding officer Captain Saunders makes it clear that every soldier who passes through Fort Polk and Tigerland will be sent to Vietnam. He also states that any political views on the war are irrelevant at this point.
8mm
8mm (1999)
, 2h3
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Crime
Themes Films about films, Medical-themed films, Psychologie, Films about sexuality, Snuff films in fiction, Films about television, BDSM in films, Films about pornography, Films about psychiatry
Actors Nicolas Cage, Joaquin Phoenix, James Gandolfini, Peter Stormare, Anthony Heald, Chris Bauer
Rating64% 3.249033.249033.249033.249033.24903
Private investigator Tom Welles (Nicolas Cage) is contacted by Daniel Longdale (Anthony Heald), attorney for wealthy widow Mrs. Christian (Myra Carter), whose husband has recently died. While clearing out her late husband's safe, she and Longdale found an 8mm film which appears to depict a real murder of a girl, but Mrs. Christian wants to know for certain.
Flawless
Flawless (1999)
, 1h52
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy
Themes Films about sexuality, LGBT-related films, Transgender in film, LGBT-related films, LGBT-related film
Actors Philip Seymour Hoffman, Barry Miller, Chris Bauer, Wilson Jermaine Heredia, Skipp Sudduth, Daphne Rubin-Vega
Rating63% 3.199383.199383.199383.199383.19938
Walter Koontz (Robert De Niro) is a highly decorated "local hero" officer of the New York police department who lives in a downtown apartment complex. Despite his locale and rampant run of drag queens in his building, he tends to keep to himself and still lives a life involved with lovely women, dancing and dining. One night, he hears gunshots upstairs, and while ascending to help suffers a stroke. He awakens with the right side of his body paralyzed resulting in poor speech and posture, and giving him an unrecoverable limp that requires him to use a cane to get around.