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Shirley Temple is a Actor and Book American born on 23 april 1928 at Santa Monica (USA)

Shirley Temple

Shirley Temple
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Birth name Shirley Jane Temple
Nationality USA
Birth 23 april 1928 at Santa Monica (USA)
Death 10 february 2014 (at 85 years) at Woodside (USA)
Awards Academy Juvenile Award

Shirley Temple Black (née Temple; April 23, 1928 – February 10, 2014) was an American film and television actress, singer, dancer, and public servant, most famous as Hollywood's number-one box-office star from 1935 through 1938. As an adult, she entered politics and became a diplomat, serving as United States Ambassador to Ghana and later to Czechoslovakia, and as Chief of Protocol of the United States.

Temple began her film career in 1932 at the age of three. In 1934, she found international fame in Bright Eyes, a feature film designed specifically for her talents. She received a special Juvenile Academy Award in February 1935 for her outstanding contribution as a juvenile performer to motion pictures during 1934, and film hits such as Curly Top and Heidi followed year after year during the mid-to-late 1930s. Licensed merchandise that capitalized on her wholesome image included dolls, dishes, and clothing. Her box-office popularity waned as she reached adolescence. She appeared in a few films of varying quality in her mid-to-late teens, and retired completely from films in 1950 at the age of 22. She was the top box-office draw in Hollywood for four years in a row (1935–38) in a Motion Picture Herald poll.

Temple returned to show business in 1958 with a two-season television anthology series of fairy tale adaptations. She made guest appearances on television shows in the early 1960s and filmed a sitcom pilot that was never released. She sat on the boards of corporations and organizations including The Walt Disney Company, Del Monte Foods and the National Wildlife Federation. She began her diplomatic career in 1969, with an appointment to represent the United States at a session of the United Nations General Assembly. In 1988, she published her autobiography, Child Star.

Temple was the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the Kennedy Center Honors and a Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award. She ranks 18th on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest female American screen legends of Classic Hollywood cinema.

Biography

Carrière cinématographique

Elle est remarquée pour son talent dès l'âge de cinq ans pour sa mémorisation parfaite des pas de danse.

Shirley Temple est inscrite par sa mère en septembre 1931 à la Meglin's Dance School et fait partie de la troupe des Meglin Kiddies. Elle commence sa carrière à l'âge de trois ans, en paraissant dans deux séries de productions à petit budget. Elle est la vedette des Baby Burlesks, une série de huit films burlesques parus en 1932 et 1933. Elle signe avec la Fox à la fin de 1933 après sa prestation dans Stand Up and Cheer! avec James Dunn. Son contrat est prolongé plusieurs fois de 1933 à 1935, puis elle est prêtée à la Paramount Pictures en 1934 pour jouer dans une série de films très réussis. Pendant quatre ans, les États-Unis se passionnent pour ses films et des objets de merchandising à son effigie se vendent par milliers pendant ces années mythiques.

En 1935, elle est la première récipiendaire de l'Oscar pour jeunes acteurs, et figure, grâce à cette récompense, dans le livre Guinness des records.

Le succès de Shirley Temple auprès des jeunes filles en France dans les années 1930 est tel que l'hebdomadaire Fillette publie sa vie en bande dessinée avant de lancer un fan-club en 1935. Les conditions pour y être admis sont d'aimer Shirley Temple, avoir le sourire, avoir plus de six ans, aimer le cinéma, et d'être sage... En novembre, Fillette devient même Fillette, le journal de Shirley.
On invente même en son honneur, dans les années 1930, un cocktail Shirley Temple au Royal Hawaiian Hotel à Waikiki (Hawaï).

En 1939, le rôle de Dorothy dans Le Magicien d'Oz, finalement joué par Judy Garland, lui est originellement destiné.
La même année, Salvador Dalí lui consacre une peinture : Shirley Temple, le plus jeune monstre sacré du cinéma de son temps.
Elle devient également Grand Marshal de la Rose Parade de Pasadena (elle le sera également en 1989 et 1999).

Durant les années 1930 elle aura joué dans plus de quarante films.

Soutenue par sa famille, elle met sagement fin à sa carrière vers l'âge de vingt ans, sentant que son avenir est ailleurs qu'à Hollywood.


L'après Hollywood
En 1967, elle apparaît trois fois sur la pochette de l'album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band des Beatles. Au premier rang : une première fois discrètement juste derrière l'épaule gauche de la statue de cire de John Lennon (photo dans son rôle de Heidi) ; une seconde fois à droite de George Harrison (photo dans son rôle dans Bright Eyes) ; et enfin, complètement à droite, sous forme d'une poupée qui est une sculpture molle, une création originale de Jann Haworth.

Après sa carrière au cinéma, elle s'implique en politique, au Parti républicain. Elle est nommée, en 1969, déléguée des États-Unis aux Nations unies par le président des États-Unis Richard Nixon.

En 1973, après avoir guéri d'un cancer du sein, elle devient la première femme à parler ouvertement du sujet dans les médias.

En 1974 et 1975, elle est membre du comité de direction de la Walt Disney Company.

Elle est ambassadrice au Ghana (1974-1976), puis en Tchécoslovaquie (1989-1992). Ayant vécu la révolution de velours, elle décrit cela comme « le meilleur travail qu'[elle] ait jamais eu ». En 1976, elle devient la première femme à être chef de protocole du département d'État des États-Unis.

Son autobiographie, intitulée Child Star: An Autobiography, est publiée en 1988.

En 2001, un téléfilm sur la vie de Shirley Temple est réalisé par Nadia Tass et Melissa Joan Hart : Shirley Temple, la naissance d'une star.

Shirley Temple meurt d'une maladie pulmonaire obstructive chronique le 10 février 2014 à Woodside, au sud de San Francisco, en Californie.


Vie privée
Mariée à l'acteur John Agar en 1945 à l'âge de 17 ans, elle donne naissance à une fille Linda Susan Agar (qui prend par la suite le nom de Black) en 1948. Après son divorce en 1950, elle épouse l'homme d'affaires Charlie Black. À leur rencontre, M. Black avoue qu'il n'avait jamais vu ses films. Ils auront deux enfants : Lori et Charlie. Elle reste avec lui jusqu'à ce qu'il meure d'un syndrome myélodysplasique le 4 août 2005.

Best films

Since You Went Away (1944)
(Actress)
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947)
(Actress)

Usually with

Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Shirley Temple (49 films)

Display filmography as list

Actress

Adventure in Baltimore, 1h29
Directed by Richard Wallace, James Anderson
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romance
Actors Robert Young, Shirley Temple, John Agar, Albert Sharpe, Josephine Hutchinson, Charles Kemper
Roles Dinah Sheldon
Rating60% 3.046823.046823.046823.046823.04682
In 1905, Dinah Sheldon (Shirley Temple), an enthusiastic art student, is expelled from Miss Ingram's Seminary for wearing two petticoats instead of five, attending political rallies and insisting that she be allowed to study nudes. When she is sent home to Baltimore, Dinah's understanding father, Dr. Andrew Sheldon (Robert Young), an Episcopalian pastor, easily forgives his headstrong daughter this latest calamity, but her mother Lily (Josephine Hutchinson) encourages her to be more conventionally feminine. Dinah's childhood sweetheart, Tom Wade (John Agar), also believes that she should settle down and confesses that, since her absence, he has begun dating the more "continental" Bernice Eckert (Carol Brannon).
A Kiss for Corliss, 1h28
Directed by Robert Aldrich, Richard Wallace
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors Shirley Temple, David Niven, Tom Tully, Gloria Holden, Darryl Hickman, Robert Ellis
Roles Corliss Archer
Rating62% 3.100983.100983.100983.100983.10098
Corliss Archer (Shirley Temple) is an impulsive teenager who harbors a crush on notorious playboy Kenneth Marquis (David Niven), who has already been to the altar many times and to the boudoir many more. So moonstruck is she by Marquis (who barely acknowledges her existence) that Corliss begins writing down her imaginary romantic trysts with him in her diary. Naturally, the book falls into the hands of Corliss' parents (Tom Tully and Gloria Holden), who believe every word...especially when Marquis, evidently hoping to teach Corliss a lesson, "verifies" that the diary speaks the truth.
Mr. Belvedere Goes to College, 1h23
Directed by Elliott Nugent
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy
Actors Clifton Webb, Shirley Temple, Tom Drake, Alan Young, Jessie Royce Landis, Kathleen Hughes
Roles Ellen Baker
Rating69% 3.489723.489723.489723.489723.48972
Lynn Belvedere is the successful author of a novel called Hummingbird Hill. Because of the contents of the book, he has acquired quite a reputation and at the same time been sued and awarded a large cash prize from a foundation. Unfortunately he is required to have a college degree to pick up the prize.
Fort Apache, 2h8
Directed by John Ford
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Action, Western
Actors John Wayne, Henry Fonda, Ward Bond, Shirley Temple, John Agar, Victor McLaglen
Roles Philadelphia Thursday
Rating75% 3.7966553.7966553.7966553.7966553.796655
After the American Civil War, highly respected veteran Captain Kirby York (John Wayne) is expected to replace the outgoing commander at Fort Apache, an isolated U.S. cavalry post. York had commanded his own regiment during the Civil War and was well-qualified to assume permanent command. To the surprise and disappointment of the company, command of the regiment was given to Lieutenant Colonel Owen Thursday (Henry Fonda). Thursday, a West Point graduate, was a general during the Civil War. Despite his Civil War combat record, Lieutenant Colonel Thursday lacks experience with the Indians he is expected to oversee, and is an incompetent, arrogant and egocentric officer.
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer, 1h35
Directed by Dore Schary, Irving Reis
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Actors Cary Grant, Myrna Loy, Shirley Temple, Rudy Vallée, Harry Davenport, Ray Collins
Roles Susan Turner
Rating72% 3.6486253.6486253.6486253.6486253.648625
Margaret Turner (Myrna Loy) and Susan Turner (Shirley Temple) are sisters who live together. Susan is an intelligent 17-year-old high-school student with a habit of forming short-lived interests after hearing the regular guest lectures at the school. Margaret is a judge, and Susan's guardian.
Honeymoon
Honeymoon (1947)
, 1h14
Directed by William Keighley
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy
Actors Shirley Temple, Franchot Tone, Guy Madison, Gene Lockhart, Lina Romay, Grant Mitchell
Roles Barbara Olmstead
Rating61% 3.054043.054043.054043.054043.05404
Barbara (Shirley Temple), the sweetheart of a GI corporal, Phil (Guy Madison), elope to Mexico City. Barbara discovers that her boy friend, stationed in the Panama Canal zone, is tied delayed in bureaucratic red tape and may not make it to his own wedding.
That Hagen Girl, 1h23
Directed by Peter Godfrey, Peter Godfrey
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Actors Shirley Temple, Rory Calhoun, Ronald Reagan, Lois Maxwell, Conrad Janis, Dorothy Peterson
Roles Mary Hagen
Rating61% 3.0519453.0519453.0519453.0519453.051945
Mary Hagen is believed by town gossips to be the illegitimate daughter of Tom Bates, a former resident and lawyer. She is often treated badly. Bates moves back into town and begins a friendship with Hagen's favorite teacher Julia Kane (Maxwell). There are hints that Bates is the real father of Hagen, though it is later revealed that she was an orphan adopted by the Hagens. When the teacher leaves town, she suggests to Bates that he stop playing Hagen's father, as it has become clear that he is in love with her. The movie ends with Bates and Hagen boarding a train, presumably to get married.
Kiss and Tell, 1h30
Directed by Richard Wallace, Earl Bellamy
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Themes Films based on plays
Actors Shirley Temple, Jerome Courtland, Walter Abel, Katharine Alexander, Robert Benchley, Porter Hall
Roles Corliss Archer
Rating71% 3.5513053.5513053.5513053.5513053.551305
To boost sales and attract customers at the local bazaar, fifteen-year-old Corliss Archer and seventeen-year-old Mildred Pringle decide to start selling kisses.
Since You Went Away, 2h57
Directed by Edward F. Cline, John Cromwell, Tay Garnett, David Selznick
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Romance
Themes Political films
Actors Claudette Colbert, Jennifer Jones, Shirley Temple, Joseph Cotten, Monty Woolley, Lionel Barrymore
Roles Bridget 'Brig' Hilton
Rating75% 3.7962353.7962353.7962353.7962353.796235
Anne Hilton (Claudette Colbert) is an upper-middle-class housewife living in a Midwestern town near a military base with her two teenage daughters, Jane (Jennifer Jones) and Bridget "Brig" (Shirley Temple). Anne's beloved husband Tim Hilton - seen only in photographs - is the father of Jane and Brig, has volunteered for U.S. Army service in World War II. As the film begins in January 1943, Anne has just returned from seeing her husband off to Camp Claiborne, and she and her daughters must adjust to the absence of Tim and make other sacrifices for the war effort, including food rationing; planting a victory garden; giving up the services of their loyal maid Fidelia (Hattie McDaniel) who nevertheless offers to continue working part time for the Hiltons while foregoing wages; and taking in a boarder, the curmudgeonly retired Colonel Smollett (Monty Woolley). When the Hiltons travel by train in a failed attempt to see Tim one last time before he ships out, they encounter or travel with many other people whose lives have been affected by the war, and they end up not getting to see Tim because their train is delayed to allow a defense supply train to go through first. In contrast, the Hiltons' socialite neighbor Emily Hawkins (Agnes Moorehead) complains about the inconveniences caused by the war and engages in unsupportive behaviors such as hoarding food and criticizing the Hiltons' efforts.
I'll Be Seeing You, 1h25
Directed by William Dieterle, George Cukor
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Romance
Themes Christmas films, Films based on plays
Actors Ginger Rogers, Joseph Cotten, Shirley Temple, Spring Byington, Tom Tully, John Derek
Roles Barbara Marshall
Rating72% 3.6446653.6446653.6446653.6446653.644665
Social outcasts Mary Marshall (Ginger Rogers) and Sgt. Zachary Morgan (Joseph Cotten) meet while seated across from each other on a train bound for Pinehill. Zach, a victim of shell shock and, therefore, a prisoner of his own mind, has just been granted a ten-day leave from a military hospital to try to readjust to daily life. Mary, convicted for Involuntary Manslaughter, has just been given a special eight-day furlough from prison to spend the Christmas holiday with her aunt and uncle in Pinehill. Each harbors his own secret. Mary lies to Zach that she is a traveling saleslady on her way to spend the holidays with her family, while Zach tells Mary that he is going to visit his sister in Pinehill. After the train pulls into the station, the two exchange names. Mary then goes to the Marshall home, where she is reunited with her Uncle Henry (Tom Tully), Aunt Sarah (Spring Byington) and cousin Barbara (Shirley Temple).
Miss Annie Rooney, 1h22
Directed by Edwin L. Marin
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Actors Shirley Temple, Dickie Moore, Gloria Holden, William Gargan, Jonathan Hale, Guy Kibbee
Roles Annie Rooney
Rating64% 3.2452153.2452153.2452153.2452153.245215
Annie Rooney, the 14-year-old daughter of a struggling salesman, falls in love with rich, 16-year-old Marty White. While at first Marty's snobbish friends give Annie the cold shoulder, her jitterbug dancing skills impress, and soon she is a welcome addition to their circle. Marty's wealthy mother and father, who own a rubber-making business, are not as easily persuaded of Annie's worth. But when her father manages to invent a new form of synthetic rubber, her triumph is complete.
Kathleen
Kathleen (1941)

Directed by Harold S. Bucquet
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romance
Actors Shirley Temple, Herbert Marshall, Laraine Day, Gail Patrick, Felix Bressart, Nella Walker
Roles Kathleen Davis
Rating62% 3.14913.14913.14913.14913.1491
Kathleen Davis (Temple) is a 12-year-old who lives in a big house with a nanny, a butler, maids, and no mother. Her father, John Davis (Herbert Marshall), spends most of his time at work and has little time to spend with his daughter. She dreams of a traditional family, and tells her friends that she has such a family. Because of this fib, she cannot invite any friends to her home, as they will see the truth. Kathleen and her nanny, Mrs. Farrell, have a contentious relationship. Mr. Davis dismisses the nanny and hires a psychologist named Dr. Angela Kent (Laraine Day) to look after the young girl for the summer. He has begun seeing a woman named Lorraine Bennett (Gail Patrick), whom he considers marrying. But Lorraine and Kathleen dislike each other intensely. Instead, Kathleen envisions Dr. Kent as the perfect mother for her and wife for her father. When this seems unlikely, Kathleen runs away from home. After a confrontation with Lorraine and Dr. Kent, Mr. Davis decides that he too prefers the doctor. The film ends happily, as Kathleen is reunited with her father and his new fiancee, the doctor.