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Alexander Korda is a Director, Scriptwriter and Producer Hongrois born on 16 september 1893 at Túrkeve (Hongrie)

Alexander Korda

Alexander Korda
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Birth name Sándor Laszlo Kellner
Nationality Hongrie
Birth 16 september 1893 at Túrkeve (Hongrie)
Death 23 january 1956 (at 62 years) at London (United-kingdom)

Sir Alexander Korda (16 September 1893 – 23 January 1956) was a Hungarian-born British film producer and director. He worked in Hollywood the first time during the transition to "talkies", from 1926 to 1930. The change led to divorce from his first wife, a popular Hungarian actress who could not make the transition because of her strong accent in English.

From 1930, Korda became a leading figure in the British film industry, the founder of London Films and the owner of British Lion Films, a film distributing company.

Biography

Alexander Korda naît dans une famille juive de la Grande Plaine hongroise (comté de Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok). Une devise latine de son école de commerce de Budapest, « Sursum corda ! », lui donne l'idée de son nouveau nom. Il travaille d’abord comme journaliste et devient envoyé spécial à Paris de Független Magyarország (« La Hongrie indépendante ») avant de se consacrer au cinéma comme critique et théoricien. Alexander Korda parlait 5 langues couramment : yiddish, allemand, hongrois, français, anglais.

Lorsqu'il quitte son pays natal en 1919, il a déjà 25 films à son actif en tant que réalisateur. Il travaille successivement à Vienne, Berlin, Paris (où il porte à l'écran le succès théâtral de Marcel Pagnol, Marius) et Hollywood, où il entre chez United Artists. Cependant, c'est au Royaume-Uni qu'il connaît ses plus grands succès. Il finit par s'y installer avec ses frères Zoltan et Vincent Korda et, en 1932, fonde London Film Productions et les Denham Film Studios à Denham, qui deviennent finalement une filiale de la Rank Organisation.

Il est un des premiers à faire un usage remarqué de la couleur dans ses films. En 1942, Korda devint le premier réalisateur à être anobli. Parmi ses plus grands succès en tant que producteur : Les Quatre Plumes blanches (1939), Le Voleur de Bagdad (1940) et Le Troisième Homme (1949).

Best films

The Third Man (1949)
(Scriptwriter)
The Thief of Bagdad (1940)
(Director)
The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1927)
(Director)
That Hamilton Woman (1941)
(Director)
The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933)
(Director)
Jungle Book (1942)
(Producer)

Usually with

Lajos Biró
Lajos Biró
(28 films)
Vincent Korda
Vincent Korda
(27 films)
Arthur Wimperis
Arthur Wimperis
(15 films)
María Corda
María Corda
(15 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Alexander Korda (99 films)

Display filmography as list

Director

Bonnie Prince Charlie, 2h16
Directed by Robert Stevenson, Leslie Arliss, Anthony Kimmins, Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Biography, Historical
Themes Political films
Actors David Niven, Margaret Leighton, Judy Campbell, Jack Hawkins, Morland Graham, John Laurie
Rating53% 2.6677252.6677252.6677252.6677252.667725
In 1745, Flora MacDonald plays a Jacobite song on the piano and is scolded by her stepfather for its seditious nature. In Italy, James, the Old Pretender, wants to make another attempt at regaining the English throne but is worried that he is too old. It is decided to send his son, Charles.
An Ideal Husband, 2h5
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Comedy
Themes Théâtre, Films based on plays
Actors Paulette Goddard, Michael Wilding, Diana Wynyard, Hugh Williams, C. Aubrey Smith, Glynis Johns
Rating64% 3.245393.245393.245393.245393.24539
A mysterious lady attempts to blackmail a respected politician into giving a speech in parliament that supports her interests.
Perfect Strangers, 1h42
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Comedy-drama, Romance
Themes Political films
Actors Robert Donat, Deborah Kerr, Glynis Johns, Ann Todd, Roland Culver, Elliott Mason
Rating70% 3.543473.543473.543473.543473.54347
Robert and Cathy Wilson (Robert Donat and Deborah Kerr) are a timid married couple in 1940 London. He is a bookkeeper, she a bored housewife. However, their tedium-filled lives are drastically changed by the war. He enlists in the Royal Navy, while she (against his wishes) joins the Wrens. During the three years the couple are apart, they are transformed, each becoming much more self-confident.
That Hamilton Woman, 2h8
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Historical, Romance
Themes Seafaring films, Films about sexuality, Transport films, Political films, Histoire de France, Napoleonic Wars films, French Revolution films
Actors Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh, Sara Allgood, Gladys Cooper, Henry Wilcoxon, Heather Angel
Rating71% 3.5983053.5983053.5983053.5983053.598305
The story begins with an ageing, alcoholic woman (Vivien Leigh) being clapped into debtors' prison in the slums of Calais. In a husky, despairing, whiskey-soaked voice, the former Lady Hamilton narrates the story of her life to her skeptical fellow inmates. In one of the early scenes that launches the flashback, Emma, well past her prime, looks into a mirror and remembers "the face I knew before," the face of the young, lovely girl who captured the imagination of artists - most notably George Romney and Joshua Reynolds.
The Lion Has Wings, 1h16
Directed by Michael Powell, Adrian Brunel, Alexander Korda, Brian Desmond Hurst
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, War, Documentary
Themes Politique, Transport films, Aviation films, Documentary films about war, Documentary films about historical events, Political films, Documentary films about World War II
Actors Merle Oberon, Ralph Richardson, June Duprez, Flora Robson, Robert Douglas, Anthony Bushell
Rating57% 2.857072.857072.857072.857072.85707
The Lion Has Wings is recounted in various "chapters" with a linking story revolving around a senior Royal Air Force (RAF) officer, played by Ralph Richardson, his wife and his family.
Dark Journey, 1h17
Directed by Victor Saville, Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres War, Thriller, Adventure, Spy, Romance
Themes Spy films, Seafaring films, Transport films, Political films, Films based on plays
Actors Conrad Veidt, Vivien Leigh, Joan Gardner, Austin Trevor, Anthony Bushell, Cecil Parker
Rating62% 3.1497853.1497853.1497853.1497853.149785
In the spring of 1918, a German U-boat stops a Dutch freighter on its way to Stockholm, Sweden during the final year of World War I. The Germans board the ship, identify one man as a Belgian spy, and take him prisoner. One of the passengers questioned is an attractive Swiss dress shop owner named Madeleine Goddard (Vivien Leigh) who is returning to Stockholm from a business trip to Paris, where she purchased dresses for her boutique. After returning to Stockholm, Madeleine, who is a German spy, meets with her contacts and provides information on Allied troop movements she acquired in Paris. The information is cleverly concealed in the gowns she purchased. While the Germans believe that she is one of their top spies, Madeleine is in fact a French double agent working to uncover the identity of the new German secret service leader in Stockholm.
Rembrandt
Rembrandt (1936)
, 1h40
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Biography
Themes Peinture
Actors Charles Laughton, Gertrude Lawrence, Elsa Lanchester, Edward Chapman, Walter Hudd, Roger Livesey
Rating70% 3.5445753.5445753.5445753.5445753.544575
Le film, comme le titre l'indique, est une biographie du peintre hollandais du XVII siècle, qualifié de « plus grand peintre de tous les temps » dans le texte qui défile à l'écran en guise de préambule. Rembrandt, au moment où l'histoire commence, est un peintre adulé, sollicité par les plus riches, mais dont le plus grand plaisir consiste à réaliser des portraits de son épouse Saskia. Celle-ci, cependant, tombe brusquement malade et meurt, laissant le peintre désemparé. Plutôt que d'assister aux funérailles de sa femme, il tâche de peindre d'elle au moins un dernier portrait, tant que son image ne s'est pas encore tout à fait éteinte dans son souvenir ; à partir de cet événement tragique, la vie du peintre, progressivement, va se désagréger…
The Private Life of Don Juan, 1h29
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romance
Themes Théâtre, Films based on plays
Actors Douglas Fairbanks, Merle Oberon, Gina Malo, Benita Hume, Binnie Barnes, Melville Cooper
Rating63% 3.1509753.1509753.1509753.1509753.150975
After many years in exile, Don Juan returns to Seville in secret. His wife has threatened to have him thrown in prison. Next morning he is surprised to find that all the town knows he is back (not surprising really as he had a big sword fight on arrival). Rodrigo, an admirer of his, follows Don Juan everywhere, wanting to be just like him, and able to give a good impression of him. Don Juan prepares to flee to France but Rodrigo is killed by a jealous husband who believes he is Don Juan and all Seville now believes him dead. He attends his own magnificent funeral, but finds many discomforts now while pretending that Don Juan is dead, before finally sorting things out.
The Rise of Catherine the Great, 1h35
Directed by Alexander Korda, Paul Czinner
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Biography, Romance
Themes Politique, Théâtre, Political films, Films based on plays, Films about royalty
Actors Elisabeth Bergner, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Flora Robson, Warner Oland, Dorothy Hale, Gerald du Maurier
Rating63% 3.1973353.1973353.1973353.1973353.197335
This historical drama recounts the events that led to the accession of Catherine the Great, Empress of all the Russias. The film opens with the arrival of Princess Sophie Auguste Frederika – whose name would be changed to ‘Catherine’ – from her father’s court of Anhalt-Zerbst (in modern Germany) to the court of the Empress Elizabeth. "Little Catherine" is to marry the Grand Duke Peter, nephew and heir presumptive of the unmarried and childless Empress Elizabeth.
The Private Life of Henry VIII, 1h37
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Biography, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Historical, Romance
Themes Politique, Political films, Films about capital punishment, Films about royalty
Actors Charles Laughton, Robert Donat, Merle Oberon, Elsa Lanchester, John Loder, Binnie Barnes
Rating70% 3.545753.545753.545753.545753.54575
The film begins 20 years into King Henry's reign. In May 1536, immediately following the execution of his second wife, Anne Boleyn (Merle Oberon), King Henry VIII (Charles Laughton) marries Jane Seymour (Wendy Barrie), who dies in childbirth eighteen months later. He then weds a German princess, Anne of Cleves (played by Laughton's real-life wife Elsa Lanchester). This marriage ends in divorce when Anne deliberately makes herself unattractive so she can be free to marry her sweetheart. (In an imaginative and high-spirited scene, Anne "wins her freedom" from Henry in a game of cards on their wedding night). After this divorce, Henry marries the beautiful and ambitious Lady Katherine Howard (Binnie Barnes). She has rejected love all her life in favour of ambition, but after her marriage, she finally falls in love with Henry's handsome courtier Thomas Culpeper (Robert Donat) who has attempted to woo her in the past. Their liaison is discovered by Henry's court and the couple gets executed. The weak and ageing Henry consoles himself with a final marriage to Catherine Parr (Everley Gregg) who proves domineering. In the final scene, while Parr is no longer in the room, the king breaks the fourth wall, saying "Six wives, and the best of them's the worst.
Wedding Rehearsal, 1h24
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romantic comedy
Actors Roland Young, George Grossmith, Jr., Merle Oberon, John Loder, Wendy Barrie, Joan Gardner
Rating61% 3.050243.050243.050243.050243.05024
"Reggie" (Roland Young), the carefree Marquis of Buckminster, is happy to serve as best man at his friends' weddings, but loathes the idea of getting married himself. However, his grandmother (Kate Cutler), the Dowager Marchioness of Buckminster, is impatient for him to have children and gives him an ultimatum: find a wife or she will cut off his allowance. She gives him a list of half a dozen or so candidates she has handpicked. At the head of the list are the twin daughters of the Earl of Stokeshire (George Grossmith, Jr.), Lady Mary Rose (Wendy Barrie) and Lady Rose Mary (Joan Gardner). Observing his discomfort with interest is the Marchioness's secretary and companion, Miss Hutchinson (Merle Oberon).
La dame de chez Maxim's, 1h49
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin France
Genres Comedy, Musical theatre
Themes Théâtre, Films based on plays
Actors Florelle, André Lefaur, Pierre Palau, Maurice Rémy, Ady Cresso, André Alerme

Une danseuse de chez Maxim's, à la suite de péripéties burlesques, se fait passer pour l'épouse d'un austère docteur.
Service for Ladies, 1h33
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romantic comedy, Romance
Actors Leslie Howard, Elizabeth Allan, George Grossmith, Jr., Benita Hume, Martita Hunt, Morton Selten
Rating64% 3.227353.227353.227353.227353.22735
Max Tracey is the head waiter at a London hotel. He falls in love at first sight with Sylvia Robertson, an aristocratic woman, and poses as a prince to win her love. In this venture, he is aided by Mr. Westlake, a Ruritanian monarch who owes him a favour. When Sylvia discovers Max's deception, she is appalled, but the situation is resolved when her father tells her that he was once a hotel dishwasher.