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Barbara Stanwyck is a Actor and Scriptwriter American born on 16 july 1907 at New York City (USA)

Barbara Stanwyck

Barbara Stanwyck
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Birth name Ruby Catherine Stevens
Nationality USA
Birth 16 july 1907 at New York City (USA)
Death 20 january 1990 (at 82 years) at Santa Monica (USA)

Barbara Stanwyck (née Ruby Catherine Stevens; July 16, 1907 – January 20, 1990) was an American actress. She was a film and television star, known during her 60-year career as a consummate and versatile professional with a strong, realistic screen presence, and a favorite of directors including Cecil B. DeMille, Fritz Lang and Frank Capra. After a short but notable career as a stage actress in the late 1920s, she made 85 films in 38 years in Hollywood, before turning to television.

Orphaned at the age of four and partially raised in foster homes, by 1944 Stanwyck had become the highest-paid woman in the United States. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress four times, for Stella Dallas (1937), Ball of Fire (1941), Double Indemnity (1944) and Sorry, Wrong Number (1948). For her television work, she won three Emmy Awards, for The Barbara Stanwyck Show (1961), The Big Valley (1966) and The Thorn Birds (1983). The Thorn Birds also won her a Golden Globe. She received an Honorary Oscar at the 1982 Academy Award ceremony and the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1986. She was also the recipient of honorary lifetime awards from the American Film Institute (1987), the Film Society of Lincoln Center (1986), the Los Angeles Film Critics Association (1981) and the Screen Actors Guild (1967). Stanwyck received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1960 and was ranked as the 11th greatest female star of classic American cinema by the American Film Institute.

Biography

Marriages and relationships

While playing in The Noose, Stanwyck reportedly fell in love with her married co-star, Rex Cherryman. Cherryman had become ill early in 1928 and his doctor advised him to take a sea voyage to Paris where he and Stanwyck had arranged to meet. While still at sea, he died of septic poisoning, at the age of 31.

On August 26, 1928, Stanwyck married her Burlesque co-star, Frank Fay. She and Fay later claimed they disliked each other at first, but became close after Cherryman's death. A botched abortion at age fifteen had resulted in complications which left Stanwyck unable to have children, according to her biographer. After moving to Hollywood, the couple adopted a ten month old son on December 5, 1932. They named him Dion, later amending the name to Anthony Dion, nicknamed "Tony". The marriage was a troubled one. Fay's successful career on Broadway did not translate to the big screen, whereas Stanwyck achieved Hollywood stardom. Fay was reportedly physically abusive to his young wife, especially when he was inebriated. Some claim that this union was the basis for A Star Is Born. The couple divorced on December 30, 1935. Stanwyck won custody of their adoptive son whom she had raised with a strict authoritarian hand and demanding expectations. Stanwyck and her son were estranged after his childhood, meeting only a few times after he became an adult. The child whom she had adopted in infancy, "resembled her in just one respect: both were, effectively orphans".

In 1936, while making the film His Brother's Wife (1936), Stanwyck became involved with her co-star, Robert Taylor. Rather than a torrid romance, their relationship was more one of mentor and pupil. Stanwyck served as support and adviser to the younger Taylor, a transplant from a small Nebraska town, guiding his career and acclimating him to the sophisticated Hollywood culture. The couple began living together, sparking newspaper reports about the two. Stanwyck was hesitant to remarry after the failure of her first marriage. However, their 1939 marriage was arranged with the help of Taylor's studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, a common practice in Hollywood's golden age. Louis B. Mayer had insisted on the two stars marrying and went as far as presiding over arrangements at the wedding. She and Taylor enjoyed time together outdoors during the early years of their marriage, and owned acres of prime West Los Angeles property. Their large ranch and home in the Mandeville Canyon section of Brentwood, Los Angeles, is still referred to by the locals as the old "Robert Taylor ranch."

In 1950, Stanwyck and Taylor mutually decided to divorce, and after his insistence, she proceeded with the official filing of the papers. There have been many rumors regarding the cause of their divorce, but after World War II, Taylor had attempted to create a life away from Hollywood, a goal that Stanwyck did not share. Taylor had romantic affairs, and there were unsubstantiated rumors about Stanwyck having had affairs as well. After the divorce, they acted together in Stanwyck's last feature film, The Night Walker (1964). She never remarried and cited Taylor as the love of her life, according to her friend and Big Valley co-star, Linda Evans. She took his death in 1969 very hard and took a long break from film and television work.

Stanwyck was one of the most well-liked actors in Hollywood and was friends with many of her fellow actors (as well as crew members of her films and TV shows), including Joel McCrea and his wife Frances Dee, George Brent, Robert Preston, Henry Fonda (who had a lifelong crush on her and a rumored affair), James Stewart, Linda Evans, Joan Crawford, Jack Benny and his wife Mary Livingstone, William Holden, Gary Cooper, Fred McMurray, and many others.

Stanwyck had a romantic affair with actor Robert Wagner, whom she met on the set of Titanic (1953). Wagner, who was 22, and Stanwyck, who was 45 at the beginning of the relationship, had a four-year romance, which is described in Wagner's memoir, Pieces of My Heart (2008). Stanwyck ended the relationship. In the 1950s, Stanwyck also, reportedly, had a one-night stand with the much younger Farley Granger, which he wrote about in his autobiography Include Me Out: My Life from Goldwyn to Broadway (2007).


Political views
Stanwyck opposed the presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. She felt that if someone from her disadvantaged background had risen to success, others should be able to do the same without government intervention or assistance. For Stanwyck, indisputably, "hard work with the prospect of rich reward was the American way." Stanwyck became an early member of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals (MPA) with its founding in 1944. The mission of this special interest group, a coalition to monitor the content of Hollywood films, was to "... combat ... subversive methods [used in the industry] to undermine and change the American way of life." She went on to publicly support the investigations of HUAC, House Committee on Un-American Activities, both she and her husband Robert Taylor appearing to testify as what was termed friendly witnesses. Stanwyck shared conservative Republican affiliation with such contemporaries as Walt Disney, Hedda Hopper, Randolph Scott, Robert Young, Ward Bond, William Holden, Ginger Rogers, Jimmy Stewart, George Murphy, Gary Cooper, Bing Crosby, John Wayne, Walter Brennan, Shirley Temple, Bob Hope, Adolphe Menjou, Helen Hayes, director Frank Capra, and her Double Indemnity co-star, Fred McMurray.

She was a fan of libertarian activist and author Ayn Rand, having persuaded Jack L. Warner at Warner Bros. to buy the rights to The Fountainhead before it was a best seller and writing to the author of her admiration of Atlas Shrugged.


Religion
Stanwyck was a devout Protestant and was baptized in June 1916 by the Reverend J. Frederic Berg of the Protestant Dutch Reformed Church.

She converted to Roman Catholicism when she married her first husband, Frank Fay.


Brother
Her older brother, Malcolm Byron Stevens (1905-1964), also became a prolific actor, though a much less successful one. According to IMDb, as Bert L. Stevens, he played hundreds of uncredited parts in film and television, but was only credited in two television episodes. He appeared in two films that starred his famous sibling: The File on Thelma Jordon and No Man of Her Own, both released in 1950.

He and actress Caryl Lincoln married in 1934 and remained together until his death from a heart attack. They had one son, Brian.

Best films

Titanic (1953)
(Actress)
B.F.'s Daughter (1948)
(Actress)
Meet John Doe (1941)
(Actress)

Usually with

Edith Head
Edith Head
(23 films)
Bess Flowers
Bess Flowers
(15 films)
Hans Dreier
Hans Dreier
(12 films)
Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(5 films)
Orry-Kelly
Orry-Kelly
(8 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Barbara Stanwyck (92 films)

Display filmography as list

Actress

Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid, 1h28
Directed by Carl Reiner
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Comedy, Comedy thriller, Action, Crime, Romance
Actors Steve Martin, Rachel Ward, Carl Reiner, Alan Ladd, Reni Santoni, Barbara Stanwyck
Roles (in "Sorry - Wrong Number") (archive footage)
Rating68% 3.448773.448773.448773.448773.44877
In the opening scene, John Hay Forrest (George Gaynes), noted scientist and cheesemaker, dies in a single-vehicle car accident (represented by the car wreck scene from Keeper of the Flame). In the next scene, private investigator Rigby Reardon (Steve Martin) is reading a newspaper when Forrest's daughter, Juliet (Rachel Ward), enters his office and faints when the paper's headline reminds her of her father's death. Upon coming to, she hires Rigby to investigate the death, which she thinks was murder. In Dr. Forrest's lab, Rigby finds two lists, one titled "Friends of Carlotta" and the other "Enemies of Carlotta", as well as an affectionately autographed photo of singer Kitty Collins, whose name appears on one of the lists. His search is interrupted by a man posing as an exterminator (Alan Ladd, in This Gun for Hire), who shoots Rigby in the arm and frisks the lists from the seemingly dead investigator.
A Taste of Evil, 1h13
Directed by John Llewellyn Moxey
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Horror
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Barbara Parkins, Roddy McDowall, William Windom, Arthur O'Connell, Bing Russell
Roles Miriam Jennings
Rating66% 3.339613.339613.339613.339613.33961
Susan Wilcox (Barbara Parkins) is a young woman who was raped by an unknown man when she was a 13-year-old. Traumatized by the experience, she suffered a mental breakdown, did not speak a word for two years, and was entered in a Swiss sanatorium. Upon leaving the psychiatric institution for the first time, she returns to her old home where her mother Miriam (Barbara Stanwyck) is now in an unstable marriage with Harold Jennings (William Windom), an alcoholic. Susan returns to the woods where she was raped, and is followed there by someone. She suspects that this person is Harold, but Miriam tells her that Harold left her the previous night.
The House That Would Not Die
Directed by John Llewellyn Moxey
Genres Horror
Themes Ghost films
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Richard Egan, Michael Anderson Jr., Kitty Winn, Mabel Albertson
Roles Ruth Bennett
Rating58% 2.90632.90632.90632.90632.9063
Ruth Bennett (Barbara Stanwyck) has inherited an old house in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania where she moves in with her niece Sara (Katherine Winn). The house was built during the Revolutionary era and is said to be haunted by the spirits of its original inhabitants who are disinclined towards hospitality. With the help of Pat McDougal (Richard Egan), a local professor and one of his students, Stan Whitman (Michael Anderson Jr.), they delve into the history of the house and find a scandal that involves a revolutionary war general and his daughter whose spirits take possession of Sara and Pat's bodies.
The Night Walker, 1h26
Directed by William Castle
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Horror
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Robert Taylor, Hayden Rorke, Rochelle Hudson, Judi Meredith, Lloyd Bochner
Roles Irene Trent
Rating63% 3.19953.19953.19953.19953.1995
The film chronicles the ordeal of Irene Trent (Stanwyck), who is unhappily married to a blind, pathologically possessive millionaire inventor, Howard Trent (Rorke). Howard and Irene's palatial mansion is packed with an endless assortment of cuckoo clocks, all in perfect synchronization, and Howard tape records all conversations in the house for later reference, hoping to catch Irene plotting an illicit liaison.
Roustabout
Roustabout (1964)
, 1h41
Directed by John Rich, Michael D. Moore
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Musical, Romance
Themes Circus films, Films about music and musicians, Musical films
Actors Elvis Presley, Barbara Stanwyck, Joan Freeman, Leif Erickson, Pat Buttram, Jack Albertson
Roles Maggie Morgan
Rating60% 3.000833.000833.000833.000833.00083
275px Musician Charlie Rogers (Elvis Presley) is fired from a gig at a teahouse run by Lou (Jack Albertson) after brawling with several college students in the parking lot. After a night in jail, Charlie hits the road on his Honda 305 Superhawk motorcycle. He spots Cathy Lean (Joan Freeman) driving with her father Joe (Leif Erickson) and their employer, Maggie Morgan (Barbara Stanwyck). When Charlie tries to become friendly with Cathy, Joe forces him off the road and the bike is wrecked after crashing into a wooden fence.
Walk on the Wild Side, 1h54
Directed by Edward Dmytryk
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Themes Films about sexuality, Erotic films, LGBT-related films, Films about prostitution, LGBT-related films, LGBT-related film
Actors Laurence Harvey, Capucine, Jane Fonda, Anne Baxter, Barbara Stanwyck, Joanna Moore
Roles Jo Courtney
Rating66% 3.347233.347233.347233.347233.34723
Set during the Great Depression, it starts with Dove (Laurence Harvey) and Kitty (Jane Fonda) meeting on the road in Texas as each is traveling separately to New Orleans. They decide to travel together, hitchhiking and hopping freight trains. Dove is hoping to find his lost love Hallie (Capucine), and is not interested when Kitty comes on to him sexually.
Trooper Hook, 1h21
Directed by Charles Marquis Warren
Origin USA
Genres Western
Actors Joel McCrea, Barbara Stanwyck, Earl Holliman, Edward Andrews, John Dehner, Susan Kohner
Roles Cora Sutliff
Rating66% 3.34163.34163.34163.34163.3416
As the action opens, Chief Nanchez (Rudolfo Acosta) signals an order for the execution of a US cavalry troop that has been surrounded on a cliff by his Apache warriors, and the entrapped soldiers are summarily massacred. Arriving on the scene, cavalry reinforcements attack the Apaches, and Sgt. Clovis Hook (Joel McCrea) tackles Chief Nanchez, the two old adversaries falling off their horses and wrestling on the ground in fierce hand-to-hand combat. The army troop defeats the Apaches, and according to orders, take Nanchez alive, along with most of his braves, but a few manage to escape. The soldiers then torch the Apache village, rounding up the women and children for resettlement to the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. Among the native women and children, a soldier spots a white woman and calls out to Sgt. Hook. The woman, dressed native style, except for a short haircut, appears emotionally detached, yet possessively clutches a small half-Indian child of perhaps five years. Although she remains silent and unresponsive, they subsequently learn that she is Cora Sutcliff (Barbara Stanwyck), who was taken captive in a raid some years before on a journey westward to join her rancher husband. Upon determining that the white woman is the mother of Chief Nanchez’s son, the soldiers express disgust that she is “an Indian’s leavings” and that she would let herself give birth to Nanchez’s “whelp.” Sgt. Hook tactfully suggests that they simply report ahead to the fort that a white woman who is the mother of Nanchez’s son has been recovered and will be returning with them.
Forty Guns
Forty Guns (1957)
, 1h20
Directed by Samuel Fuller
Origin USA
Genres Action, Western
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Barry Sullivan, Gene Barry, Dean Jagger, John Ericson, Eve Brent
Roles Jessica Drummond
Rating69% 3.4964153.4964153.4964153.4964153.496415
In the 1880s, Griff Bonnell and his brothers Wes and Chico arrive in the town of Tombstone in Cochise County, Arizona. Griff is a reformed gunslinger, now working for the Attorney General's office, looking to arrest Howard Swain for mail robbery.
These Wilder Years, 1h31
Directed by Roy Rowland
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Themes Films about adoption, Films about children, Films about families, Pregnancy films, Films about sexuality
Actors James Cagney, Barbara Stanwyck, Walter Pidgeon, Tom Laughlin, Betty Lou Keim, Don Dubbins
Roles Ann Dempster
Rating67% 3.394193.394193.394193.394193.39419
Businessman Steve Bradford (James Cagney) looks for his illegitimate son after 20 years. He turns to Ann Dempster (Barbara Stanwyck), who runs an orphanage, but she is uncooperative.
The Maverick Queen, 1h30
Directed by Joseph Kane
Origin USA
Genres Western
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Barry Sullivan, Scott Brady, Wallace Ford, Mary Murphy, Howard Petrie
Roles Kit Banion
Rating59% 2.952932.952932.952932.952932.95293
Libéré après trois ans de prison, Jeff Younger semble vouloir rejoindre la horde sauvage menée par Butch Cassidy et Sundance Kid.
Crime of Passion, 1h24
Directed by Gerd Oswald
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Noir, Crime
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Sterling Hayden, Raymond Burr, Fay Wray, Virginia Grey, Royal Dano
Roles Kathy Ferguson
Rating64% 3.24833.24833.24833.24833.2483
Kathy Ferguson (Stanwyck) is a San Francisco newspaper advice columnist. One day, Lieutenant Bill Doyle (Hayden), a Los Angeles police detective, and his partner, Captain Charlie Alidos (Royal Dano), track a fugitive wanted for murder to San Francisco. He meets Kathy and they fall in love. She manages to gain the female fugitive's trust and locate her. Kathy's resulting front page story leads to an offer of a big job in New York City, but she abandons her career, marries Doyle and moves to Los Angeles.
Escape to Burma, 1h27
Directed by Allan Dwan
Origin USA
Genres Adventure
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Robert Ryan, David Farrar, Murvyn Vye, Robert Warwick, Reginald Denny
Roles Gwen Moore
Rating58% 2.9074052.9074052.9074052.9074052.907405
In British Burma the son of the Sawbwa, a local ruler has been killed, apparently by his European mining partner, Jim Brecan (Robert Ryan). The Sawbwa wants him caught and executed, while Captain Cardigan wants him caught for trial. Brecan flees through the jungle with a bag of rubies from the mine and reaches the estate of Gwen Moore (Barbara Stanwyck), who uses elephants to harvest teak. Brecan arrives there calling himself "Jim Martin". He and Gwen are attracted to each other. After he helps her deal with some problems, including a killer tiger, she makes him her manager.
There's Always Tomorrow, 1h24
Directed by Douglas Sirk
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romance
Actors Barbara Stanwyck, Fred MacMurray, Joan Bennett, William Reynolds, Jane Darwell, Pat Crowley
Roles Norma Miller Vale
Rating75% 3.792833.792833.792833.792833.79283
Toy manufacturer Clifford Groves (Fred MacMurray) is married to Marion (Joan Bennett), with three children, Vinnie (William Reynolds), Ellen (Gigi Perreau) and Frankie (Judy Nugent), but lately life has become drab and routine. A former co-worker, Norma Miller Vale (Barbara Stanwyck), turns up unexpectedly and is now a glamorous fashion designer.
The Violent Men, 1h36
Directed by Rudolph Maté
Origin USA
Genres Action, Western
Actors Glenn Ford, Barbara Stanwyck, Edward G. Robinson, Dianne Foster, Brian Keith, Warner Anderson
Roles Martha Wilkison
Rating69% 3.494973.494973.494973.494973.49497
Parrish (Ford), a Union Army ex-officer, plans to sell his land to Anchor Ranch and move east with his fiancee, Caroline (May Wynn), but the low price offered by Anchor's crippled owner, Lew Wilkison (Robinson), and the outfit's bully-boy tactics make him think again. When one of Parrish's hands is murdered, he decides to stay and fight, utilizing his war experience.