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Douglas Fairbanks is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter and Producer American born on 23 may 1883 at Denver (USA)

Douglas Fairbanks

Douglas Fairbanks
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Birth name Douglas Elton Ulman
Nationality USA
Birth 23 may 1883 at Denver (USA)
Death 12 december 1939 (at 56 years) at Santa Monica (USA)
Creator of United Artists
Creator of List of United Artists films

For his son see Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.




Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films such as The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies.

An astute businessman, Fairbanks was a founding member of United Artists. Fairbanks was also a founding member of The Motion Picture Academy and hosted the first Oscars Ceremony in 1929. With his marriage to Mary Pickford in 1920, the couple became Hollywood royalty and Fairbanks was referred to as "The King of Hollywood", a nickname later passed on to actor Clark Gable. His career rapidly declined however with the advent of the "talkies". His final film was The Private Life of Don Juan (1934).

Biography

Premiers pas
Douglas Elton Ullman est né à Denver, Colorado, le fils de Hezekiah Charles Ullman (né en septembre 1833) et Ella Adelaide Marsh (née en 1850). Il eut un frère, Robert Payne Ullman (13 mars 1882 - 22 février 1948), et un demi-frère, John Fairbanks (né en 1873).

Son père, qui était né dans une famille juive en Pennsylvanie, était un avocat renommé de New York. Sa mère, catholique, était née à New York. Elle avait auparavant épousé un homme du nom de John Fairbanks, qui la laissa veuve, puis un certain Wilcox, qui la maltraita. Son divorce fut alors traité par Ullman, qu'elle épousa peu après.

Vers 1881, Charles Ullman se porta acquéreur de plusieurs intérêts miniers dans les Montagnes Rocheuses et fit déménager la famille vers Denver, où il installa son nouveau cabinet. Puis Ullman abandonna la famille alors que Douglas avait cinq ans, laissant sa femme s'occuper de ses deux enfants.


Début de carrière

Douglas Fairbanks commence très tôt à jouer sur scène à Denver, dans le théâtre amateur. Il joue dans des représentations estivales du Elitch Gardens Theatre, où il fait sensation dans son adolescence. Il fréquente le lycée de l'East Denver, d'où il est un jour renvoyé pour avoir déguisé les statues du campus le jour de la St. Patrick. Il quitte l'établissement la dernière année. Il dit avoir été étudiant à la Colorado School of Mines, puis à l'Université Harvard mais aucun registre ne contient son nom. Toutefois, un article à ce sujet rapporta le témoignage d'un professeur des Mines qui évoquait le renvoi du futur acteur peu après son arrivée.

Il part s'installer à New York au début du siècle pour exercer son métier d'acteur, où il rejoint la troupe de l'acteur anglais Frederick Warde qui avait découvert Fairbanks sur scène à Denver. Mais il est d'abord vendeur dans une quincaillerie et employé d'un bureau de Wall Street avant ses débuts à Broadway en 1902.

Le 11 juillet 1907 à Watch Hill Rhode Island, il épouse Anna Beth Sully (1888-1967), la fille d'un riche industriel, Daniel J. Sully. Ils auront un fils, Douglas Elton Fairbanks, qui deviendra lui aussi acteur à succès. La famille part pour Hollywood en 1915.


Hollywood

Fairbanks signe un contrat avec la Triangle Pictures en 1915 et commence à travailler sous la direction de D. W. Griffith. Dès son premier film, Le Timide (The Lamb), il fait la démonstration de ses grandes qualités athlétiques qui le fera remarquer par le public. Mais ses prouesses ne sont pas du goût de Griffith, et il attire plutôt l'attention de Anita Loos et John Emerson, qui vont écrire et réaliser ses premières comédies romantiques. En 1916, il fonde sa première compagnie, la Douglas Fairbanks Film Corporation et trouve du travail à la Paramount. En 1918, Fairbanks est l'acteur le plus populaire d'Hollywood.

Il s'éprend de l'actrice Mary Pickford qu'il rencontre dans une soirée en 1916. L'année suivante, le nouveau couple s'associe à Charlie Chaplin, un ami proche, pour parcourir le pays en train afin de vendre des coupons de soutien à l'engagement dans la Première Guerre mondiale. Pickford et Chaplin sont alors les deux stars les plus payées d'Hollywood. La réussite éclair de Fairbanks lui permettra rapidement de rejoindre le troisième rang. Mais dans le but de réduire les salaires élevés de ces trois grandes stars, les grands studios tentent de monopoliser les distributeurs et les exploitants de salles.

Le 1er décembre 1918 à la Nouvelle-Rochelle, sa femme obtient un décret de divorce ainsi que la garde de leur fils. Ils seront officiellement divorcés le 5 mars 1919.

En 1919, pour éviter le contrôle des studios et pour protéger leur indépendance, Fairbanks, Charles Chaplin, D.W. Griffith et Mary Pickford fondent la société de distribution United Artists qui leur procure une complète liberté artistique et de plus grands profits. La compagnie devra une grande partie de son bénéfice aux succès des films de Fairbanks.

Il est déterminé à épouser Mary Pickford, mais elle est alors encore mariée à l'acteur Owen Moore. Tous deux soucieux de la mauvaise publicité que leur apporterait leur liaison extra-conjugale, il lui soumet un ultimatum et elle obtient un divorce rapide dans la petite ville de Minden (Nevada) le 2 mars 1920. Fairbanks loue Grayhall, sa villa de Beverly Hills qu'il aurait utilisée pendant sa cour à l'actrice.

Il meurt des suites d'une crise cardiaque en décembre 1939 à Santa Monica.

Usually with

Allan Dwan
Allan Dwan
(12 films)
Charles Stevens
Charles Stevens
(15 films)
Theodore Reed
Theodore Reed
(8 films)
Frank Campeau
Frank Campeau
(13 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Douglas Fairbanks (52 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Hollywood Without Make-Up
Directed by Ken Murray
Origin USA
Genres Documentary
Themes Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the film industry, Documentary films about cities
Actors Kirk Douglas, Ken Murray, Cary Grant, June Allyson, George K. Arthur, Eddie Albert
Rating72% 3.6244753.6244753.6244753.6244753.624475
The film consists of archive footage of famous Hollywood stars, mostly home movies showing the stars as themselves instead of playing a role in front of the camera.
Wilson
Wilson (1944)
, 2h34
Directed by Otto Brower, Henry King
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Biography, Historical, Musical, Romance
Themes Politique, Political films
Actors Charles Coburn, Alexander Knox, Geraldine Fitzgerald, Thomas Mitchell, Cedric Hardwicke, Ruth Nelson
Rating67% 3.3959953.3959953.3959953.3959953.395995
The story begins in 1909, a time when Wilson (Alexander Knox) is best known as the head of Princeton University and the author of several books on the democratic process. Urged into running for Governor of New Jersey by the local political machine, Wilson soon proves that he is his own man, beholden to no one-and that he is dedicated to the truth at any cost.
The Private Life of Don Juan, 1h29
Directed by Alexander Korda
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Comedy-drama, Romance
Themes Théâtre, Films based on plays
Actors Douglas Fairbanks, Merle Oberon, Gina Malo, Benita Hume, Binnie Barnes, Melville Cooper
Roles Don Juan
Rating64% 3.20093.20093.20093.20093.2009
After many years in exile, Don Juan returns to Seville in secret. His wife has threatened to have him thrown in prison. Next morning he is surprised to find that all the town knows he is back (not surprising really as he had a big sword fight on arrival). Rodrigo, an admirer of his, follows Don Juan everywhere, wanting to be just like him, and able to give a good impression of him. Don Juan prepares to flee to France but Rodrigo is killed by a jealous husband who believes he is Don Juan and all Seville now believes him dead. He attends his own magnificent funeral, but finds many discomforts now while pretending that Don Juan is dead, before finally sorting things out.
Mr. Robinson Crusoe, 1h16
Directed by A. Edward Sutherland
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Adventure
Themes Seafaring films, Transport films
Actors Douglas Fairbanks, William Farnum, Maria Alba
Roles Steve Drexel
Rating58% 2.9065452.9065452.9065452.9065452.906545
The film opens with a title card that reads "From the time Adam and Eve were banished from the Garden of Eden, man has vainly sought to find solace, comfort and earthly pleasures in an artificial world of his own creation. Down through the ages has come that eternal heritage of the urge in every man to turn his back on so-called civilization, to get back to nature and revel in the glories and freedom of a primitive paradise."
Reaching for the Moon, 1h31
Directed by Edmund Goulding
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Musical, Romance
Themes Films about music and musicians, Musical films
Actors Douglas Fairbanks, Bebe Daniels, Edward Everett Horton, Claud Allister, Jack Mulhall, Walter Walker
Roles Larry Day
Rating59% 2.9579752.9579752.9579752.9579752.957975
Wall Street wizard, Larry Day, new to the ways of love, is coached by his valet. He follows Vivian Benton on an ocean liner, where cocktails, laced with a "love potion", work their magic. He then loses his fortune in the market crash and feels he has also lost his girl.
The Taming of the Shrew, 1h3
Directed by Sam Taylor, H. Bruce Humberstone
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romantic comedy
Themes Théâtre, Films based on plays, Films based on works by William Shakespeare
Actors Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, Edwin Maxwell, Joseph Cawthorn, Clyde Wilfred Cook, Dorothy Jordan
Roles Petruchio
Rating70% 3.536673.536673.536673.536673.53667
À Padoue, Baptista désespère de trouver un mari qui puisse résister au caractère colérique de sa fille aînée Catherine.
Show People, 1h23
Directed by King Vidor
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romance
Themes Films about films, Films about television
Actors William Haines, Marion Davies, Dell Henderson, Polly Moran, Tenen Holtz, Harry Gribbon
Roles Himself (uncredited)
Rating81% 4.0940154.0940154.0940154.0940154.094015
Young Peggy Pepper (Marion Davies) wants to be in motion pictures, so her father (Dell Henderson) drives her across the country from their home in Georgia to Hollywood. After some initial disillusionment, she meets Billy Boone (William Haines) in a studio commissary; he tells her to show up at his set if she wants work. Peggy goes, gets sprayed with seltzer water at her first entrance, and is at first shocked and dismayed to find she is doing slapstick comedy in low-budget "Comet" productions, but she decides to "take it on the chin" and, with Billy's loving support, becomes a success.
The Gaucho
The Gaucho (1927)
, 1h55
Directed by F. Richard Jones
Origin USA
Genres Swashbuckler, Action
Actors Lupe Vélez, Douglas Fairbanks, Joan Barclay, Eve Southern, Michael Vavitch, Gustav von Seyffertitz
Roles The Gaucho
Rating72% 3.622933.622933.622933.622933.62293
Dans les Andes argentines, l'intervention de la Sainte Vierge permet à une jeune fille tombée d'une falaise d'échapper à la mort. À l'endroit même de l'apparition est érigé un sanctuaire, autour duquel se construit la ville du miracle. Devenue adulte, la miraculée continue à veiller sur le site, mais dans le même temps, un nommé Ruiz tente de faire main basse sur la ville et ses richesses. Mais ses plans sont contrecarrés par l'arrivée d'un aventurier surnommé Le Gaucho, qui s'amourache d'une jeune femme connue comme La fille de la montagne...
A Kiss from Mary Pickford
Directed by Sergueï Komarov
Origin Russie
Actors Anel Sudakevich, Igor Ilinski, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Vera Malinovskaya, Abram Room
Roles Himself
Rating63% 3.191423.191423.191423.191423.19142
Goga Palkin is a theatre check-taker in love with an beginner actress named Dusya. She has a crush on Douglas Fairbanks and only wants to date someone famous like a Hollywood star. After a chance meeting and a kiss from Mary Pickford, Goga becomes a local celebrity, and a lot of girls chase him through the streets. The popularity of her admirer makes Dusya jealous, and she falls for him.
Character Studies, 6minutes
Directed by Roscoe Arbuckle, Carter DeHaven
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors Buster Keaton, Carter DeHaven, Harold Lloyd, Roscoe Arbuckle, Rudolph Valentino, Douglas Fairbanks
Roles Himself (uncredited)
Rating65% 3.2861253.2861253.2861253.2861253.286125
Carter DeHaven in Character Studies présente le spectacle d'un transformiste joué par Carter DeHaven qui tour à tour, camouflé par sa malle à déguisement, va prendre l'apparence d'acteurs célèbres du cinéma muet.
The Black Pirate, 1h34
Directed by Albert Parker
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Swashbuckler, Action, Adventure
Themes Seafaring films, Transport films, Pirate films
Actors Douglas Fairbanks, Billie Dove, Tempe Pigott, Donald Crisp, Anders Randolf, Sam De Grasse
Roles The Duke of Arnoldo / The Black Pirate
Rating71% 3.593443.593443.593443.593443.59344
The film begins with the looting of a ship already captured and badly mauled, by the pirates. After relieving the ship and crew of valuables, the pirates fire the ship, blowing up the gunpowder on board, sinking her. While the pirates celebrate, two survivors wash up on an island, an old man and his son. Before dying, the older man (Douglas Fairbanks' real-life father) gives his signet ring to his son (Douglas Fairbanks). His son buries him, vowing vengeance.
Ben-Hur
Ben-Hur (1925)
, 3h14
Directed by Rex Ingram, Rex Ingram, Fred Niblo, Christy Cabanne, Charles Brabin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Adventure
Themes Films set in Africa, Films about religion, Films about sexuality, Portrayals of Jesus in film, Films about virginity
Actors Ramón Novarro, Francis X. Bushman, May McAvoy, Betty Bronson, Claire McDowell, Kathleen Key
Roles Chariot Race Spectator (uncredited)
Rating79% 3.9968953.9968953.9968953.9968953.996895
Ben-Hur is a wealthy Jew and boyhood friend of the powerful Roman Tribune, Messala. When an accident leads to Ben-Hur's arrest, Messala, who has become corrupt and arrogant, makes sure Ben-Hur and his family are jailed and separated.
Don Q, Son of Zorro, 1h51
Directed by Donald Crisp, Fred Niblo
Origin USA
Genres Adventure, Romance, Western
Themes Medical-themed films, Superhero films, Films about disabilities, Personne sourde ou muette, Zorro
Actors Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Astor, Jack McDonald, Donald Crisp, Warner Oland, Jean Hersholt
Roles Don Cesar de Vega / Zorro
Rating70% 3.5305953.5305953.5305953.5305953.530595
Don Diego de la Vega (Zorro)'s son, Cesar (Douglas Fairbanks), is in Spain finishing his education. While Cesar is showing off to friends his remarkable prowess with the whip, he accidentally clips off the feather shako on the hat of Don Sebastian (Donald Crisp) of the Palace Guard. Although Cesar apologizes immediately, Sebastian is unforgiving. Their duel is interrupted by a runaway bull. Trapped on the ground with his sword belt tangled in his boot, certain to be gored by the bull, Sebastian is saved at the last minute by Cesar. This further infuriates him. The action is observed by Queen Isabella (Stella De Lanti) and her guest, Austrian Archduke Paul (Warner Oland); she requests Cesar's company immediately. Another friend of Cesar, Don Fabrique Borusta (Jean Hersholt), offers to bring him to Her Majesty.