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Edgar George Ulmer is a Director, Scriptwriter, Producer, Assistant Director, Production Design, Costume Design and Second Unit Autrichien born on 17 september 1904 at Olomouc (Republique tcheque)

Edgar George Ulmer

Edgar George Ulmer
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Nationality Austria
Birth 17 september 1904 at Olomouc (Republique tcheque)
Death 30 september 1972 (at 68 years) at Woodland Hills (USA)

Edgar Georg Ulmer (September 17, 1904 – September 30, 1972) was an Austrian-American film director. He is best remembered for the movies The Black Cat (1934) and Detour (1945). These stylish and eccentric works have achieved cult status, whereas Ulmer's other films remain relatively unknown.

Biography

Ulmer est né à Olomouc, alors dans l'Empire austro-hongrois, à présent dans l'actuelle République tchèque. Il grandit à Vienne, où il travailla ensuite comme acteur de théâtre et décorateur alors qu'il étudiait l'architecture et la philosophie. Il fit des décors pour le théâtre de Max Reinhardt, puis assista F. W. Murnau et collabora avec Robert Siodmak, Billy Wilder, Fred Zinnemann, et Eugen Schüfftan, inventeur de l'effet Schüfftan. Il déclara avoir aussi travaillé sur Le Golem (1920), Metropolis (1927) et M le maudit (1931), mais rien ne le prouve. Ulmer arrive à Hollywood avec Murnau en 1926 pour l'assister sur L'Aurore (1927). Dans un entretien avec Peter Bogdanovich, il rappelle également qu'il tourna deux courts westerns à cette période.

Le premier film qu'il réalise en Amérique, Damaged Lives (1933), est un film à sensations à petit budget, exposant les ravages des maladies vénériennes. Tourné à Hollywood, avec un passage médical fourni par l'American Social Hygiene Association, pour le Canadian Social Health Council. Son film suivant, Le Chat noir (The Black Cat) (1934), avec Bela Lugosi et Boris Karloff, fut produit par le studio Universal. Faisant preuve de l'expressivité visuelle qui sera la marque de fabrique d'Ulmer, le film est le plus grand succès de l'année pour le studio. Mais Ulmer entretient une liaison avec la femme du producteur indépendant Max Alexander, neveu du dirigeant du studio Universal Carl Laemmle. Le divorce de Shirley Alexander et le mariage avec Ulmer qui suivit l'ont exilé des grands studios hollywoodiens. Ulmer ne réalisera plus que des séries B pour des maisons de productions marginales. Sa femme, Shirley Ulmer, est scripte sur quasiment tous ses films et participe également à quelques scénarios. Leur fille Arianne fait des apparitions sur des films comme The Light Ahead.
À la frange de l'industrie américaine du cinéma, Ulmer se spécialise alors d'abord dans les "films ethniques", notamment Natalka Poltavka (1937), Cossacks in Exile (1939) et les yiddish The Light Ahead (1939), Americaner Shadchen (1940). Le plus connu d'entre eux étant le Yiddish Green Fields (1937), codirigé avec Jacob Ben-Ami. Puis il se réfugie finalement dans la niche du mélodrame à petits budgets avec des scripts rudimentaires et des acteurs de la compagnie Producers Releasing Corporation (PRC). Le thriller qu'il réalisa pour eux, Detour (1945) lui valut des louanges pour cet exemplaire film noir fauché, et fut même sélectionné par la Bibliothèque du Congrès parmi le premier groupe de 100 films américains méritant un effort particulier de conservation. En 1947, Ulmer tourne Carnegie Hall avec l'aide du chef d'orchestre Fritz Reiner, parrain de sa fille, Arianne. Le film montre des interprétations de plusieurs grands noms de la musique classique dont Reiner, Jascha Heifetz, Arthur Rubinstein, Gregor Piatigorsky et Lily Pons. Ulmer put enfin tourner deux films aux budgets plus importants, Le Démon de la chair (The Strange Woman) (1946) et L'Impitoyable (1948). Le premier, dans lequel se distingue particulièrement Hedy Lamarr, est considéré comme l'un de ses meilleurs films par la critique.

Il dirige son dernier film, Sept contre la mort (1964), en Italie.

Ulmer meurt en 1972 à Woodland Hills après une attaque qui provoqua une paralysie vasculaire. En 2005, le chercheur Bernd Herzogenrath découvrit l'adresse de sa naissance à Olomouc. Une plaque commémorative fut inaugurée le 17 septembre 2006, à l'occasion de l’Ulmerfest 2006 — le premier colloque consacré à l'œuvre d'Ulmer.

Best films

Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (1927)
(Assistant Art Director)
4 Devils (1928)
(Assistant Art Director)
Tabu (1931)
(Scriptwriter)

Usually with

Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Edgar George Ulmer (59 films)

Display filmography as list

Director

Journey Beneath the Desert, 1h44
Directed by Frank Borzage, Edgar George Ulmer, Mario Caiano
Origin Italie
Genres Fantastic, Fantasy, Adventure
Themes Films set in Atlantis
Actors Haya Harareet, Jean-Louis Trintignant, Georges Rivière, Gino Buzzanca, Giulia Rubini, Gian Maria Volonté
Rating54% 2.7441652.7441652.7441652.7441652.744165
Pierre et Robert, des ingénieurs miniers, sont en train de survoler le Sahara dans un hélicoptère piloté par leur associé John, lorsqu'une tempête les force à se poser dans une zone de test nucléaire. Peu après, ils sauvent la vie du cheick Tamal, qui les conduit dans une grotte où se trouve la cité perdue de l'Atlantide, dirigée par la belle et impitoyable Antinea. Elle interdit toute tentative d'évasion à ses visiteurs et, quand John essaye de fuir, elle le transforme en statue. Robert, bouleversé par le meurtre de son ami, est envoyé dans les mines et est tué par Pierre, qui est victime des sortilèges d'Antinea.
The Amazing Transparent Man, 58minutes
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Thriller, Horror
Themes Films about music and musicians, Zombie films, Musical films, Invisibilité
Actors Marguerite Chapman, Douglas Kennedy, James Griffith, Ivan Triesault, Boyd 'Red' Morgan, Patrick Cranshaw
Rating39% 1.9596651.9596651.9596651.9596651.959665
Former U. S. Army major, Paul Krenner (James Griffith), plans to conquer the world with an army of invisible soldiers and will do anything to achieve that goal. With the help of his hired muscle, Julian (Red Morgan), Krenner forces Dr. Peter Ulof (Ivan Trisault) to perfect the invisibility machine Ulof invented. He keeps Ulof’s daughter, Maria (Carmel Daniel) imprisoned to keep Ulof in line.
Beyond the Time Barrier, 1h15
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Romance
Themes Medical-themed films, Post-apocalyptic films, Time travel films, Films about viral outbreaks, Political films, Dystopian films
Actors Robert Clarke, Darlene Tompkins, Vladimir Nikolayevich Sokoloff, Boyd 'Red' Morgan, Stephen Bekassy, John van Dreelen
Rating53% 2.6589152.6589152.6589152.6589152.658915
U.S. Air Force test pilot Major Bill Allison flies an experimental aircraft to sub-orbital spaceflight successfully, though losing radio contact in flight. When Major Allison returns to the airbase it appears abandoned, old and deserted. Mystified by the surroundings, he sees a futuristic city on the horizon where there had been nothing standing before the flight. The Major is rendered unconscious and captured by the city inhabitants.
Pay or Die!, 1h51
Directed by Richard Wilson, Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Crime
Themes Films about immigration, Mafia films, Seafaring films, Transport films, Gangster films
Actors Ernest Borgnine, John Arthur Kennedy, Roy Engel, Francis McDonald, Betta St. John, Zohra Lampert
Rating68% 3.439353.439353.439353.439353.43935
It is a dramatization of the career of crusading New York City police officer Joseph Petrosino, a pioneer in the fight against organized crime in America. The film deals primarily with Petrosino and his Italian Squad's opposition to the extortion rackets of the Black Hand in lower Manhattan's Little Italy.
Hannibal
Hannibal (1959)

Directed by Carlo Ludovico Bragaglia, Edgar George Ulmer
Genres Historical, Peplum
Themes Political films
Actors Victor Mature, Gabriele Ferzetti, Rita Gam, Milly Vitale, Rik Battaglia, Franco Silva
Rating53% 2.663852.663852.663852.663852.66385
The film begins with the Roman Senate hearing about Hannibal (Victor Mature) crossing the Alps with his men and many elephants. The crossing is difficult, with many men dying en route, but they manage to pass through, in part because Hannibal forms an allegiance with a local chieftain.
Daughter of Dr. Jekyll, 1h11
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Fantasy, Horror
Actors Gloria Talbott, John Agar, Arthur Shields, Martha Wentworth, John Dierkes, Marjorie Stapp
Rating55% 2.764282.764282.764282.764282.76428
Partie avec son fiancé en Angleterre pour hériter d'une maison familiale, Janet découvre qu'elle est en fait la fille du Dr. Jekyll. Très vite elle se retrouve hantée par d'affreux cauchemars et le sang se met à couler...
Murder Is My Beat, 1h17
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Crime
Actors Paul Langton, Barbara Payton, Robert Shayne, Selena Royle, Harry Harvey, Sr., Jay Adler
Rating59% 2.958362.958362.958362.958362.95836
Businessman Fred Deane is found dead with his face and hands burned beyond recognition. Detectives Patrick (Langton) and Rawley (Shayne) arrest Deane's girlfriend, nightclub-singer Eden Lane (Payton) and she is convicted of the crime. On the way to prison, Eden sees a man through the train window, identifying him as the murderer. Patrick and Eden jump from the train to search for the man. If the murderer isn't found, Eden will head off to jail.
The Naked Dawn, 1h22
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Western
Actors John Arthur Kennedy, Betta St. John, Roy Engel, Tony Martínez, Francis McDonald
Rating67% 3.391323.391323.391323.391323.39132
The story focuses on a poor but proud farmer named Manuel and his wife Maria. When glib-tongued drifter Santiago tries to get Manuel mixed up in a robbery, the farmer is at first resistant, but is goaded into joining Santiago. Corrupted by the prospect of untold wealth, Manuel begins plotting the murder of Santiago; meanwhile, Maria makes plans to run off with the handsome stranger.
Babes in Bagdad, 1h35
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors Paulette Goddard, Gypsy Rose Lee, Richard Ney, Sebastian Cabot, Christopher Lee, John Boles
Rating54% 2.73482.73482.73482.73482.7348
Arabian Nights princess Kyra goes on strike demanding equal rights for women, to the frustration of caliph Hassan. Supported by the caliph's godson, Ezar, Kyra enables the caliph to see the error of his polygamous ways, and he eventually settles down with his favourite wife, Zohara.
The Man from Planet X, 1h10
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Thriller, Horror, Romance
Actors Robert Clarke, Margaret Field, William Schallert, Roy Engel, Franklyn Farnum
Rating57% 2.852992.852992.852992.852992.85299
A spaceship from a previously unknown planet lands in the Scottish moors, bringing an alien creature to earth near the observatory of Professor Elliot (Raymond Bond), just days before the planet will pass closest to the earth. When the professor and his friend, American reporter John Lawrence (Robert Clarke), discover the creature, they help it when it is in distress and try to communicate with it, but fail. They leave, and the alien follows them home. A colleague of the professor, the unscrupulous and ambitious scientist Dr. Mears (William Schallert), discovers how to communicate with the creature and tries to get from it by force the formula for the metal the spaceship is made of. He shuts off the alien's breathing apparatus and leaves it for dead, telling the professor that communication was hopeless.
St. Benny the Dip, 1h20
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors Dick Haymes, Nina Foch, Roland Young, Lionel Stander, Freddie Bartholomew, Oskar Karlweis
Rating60% 3.008093.008093.008093.008093.00809
Benny (Dick Haymes), Monk (Lionel Stander) and Matthew (Roland Young) are three small-time crooks trying to escape a police dragnet in New York City. After hiding in a church and taking minister's suits and dog collars, they emerge, dressed as priests, and find shelter in an abandoned Bowery mission. When beat cops mistake them for real ministers sent to restore the soup kitchen, they're forced to go along with repairs, holding services and feeding the poor. They have to decide whether to stay, steal the mission money and run, or... change their lives. As with Jean Valjean in Les Misérables, when the bishop he has robbed lets him go, it's the first time they've been treated with respect and had a chance to do good work. The question is whether the police detectives or junior priests will turn them in before they even have a chance.
So Young, So Bad, 1h31
Directed by Edgar George Ulmer, Bernard Vorhaus
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Actors Paul Henreid, Catherine McLeod, Anne Francis, Rita Moreno, Anne Jackson, Russell Hopton
Rating62% 3.1007953.1007953.1007953.1007953.100795
The film begins with three girls fleeing from Elmview Corrective School for Girls, a reform school. Two manage to steel a truck and escape while the third hides nearby. The next day Dr. John Jason (Paul Henreid), a psychiatrist on staff, is told to resign by Riggs (Cecil Clovelly), the chief of staff. Dr. Jason refuses and an investigation in the psychiatrist's methods is begun. Dr. Jason reflects on the circumstances leading up to this day and the scene changes to his arrival at Elmview.