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Emeric Pressburger is a Director, Scriptwriter, Producer, Script Supervisor and Editor Hongrois born on 5 december 1902 at Miskolc (Hongrie)

Emeric Pressburger

Emeric Pressburger
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Birth name Imre József Pressburger
Nationality Hongrie
Birth 5 december 1902 at Miskolc (Hongrie)
Death 5 february 1988 (at 85 years) at Saxtead (United-kingdom)
Creator of Powell et Pressburger

Emeric Pressburger (5 December 1902 – 5 February 1988) was a Hungarian-British screenwriter, film director, and producer. He is best known for his series of film collaborations with Michael Powell, in a multiple-award-winning partnership known as The Archers and produced a series of classic British films, notably 49th Parallel (1941), The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943), A Matter of Life and Death (1946, also called Stairway to Heaven), Black Narcissus (1947), The Red Shoes (1948), and The Tales of Hoffmann (1951).

Biography

Emeric Pressburger, né Imre József Pressburger, est né à Miskolc, en Hongrie, dans une famille juive hongroise. Après des études aux universités de Prague et de Stuttgart, il commence une carrière de journaliste en Hongrie et en Allemagne. À la fin des années 1920, il devient scénariste pour l'UFA à Berlin. La montée en puissance des Nazis le pousse à l'exil à Paris, où il continue ses activités de scénariste, puis à Londres. Il dira plus tard : « Les pires choses qui me soient arrivées étaient les conséquences politiques d'événements au-delà de mon contrôle... les meilleures étaient exactement les mêmes. »

Il rencontre au Royaume-Uni une petite communauté de cinéastes hongrois ayant fui le nazisme, comme l'influent Alexander Korda, propriétaire de London Films, qui l'engage comme scénariste. Il fait par la suite la connaissance de Michael Powell, avec qui il travaille sur L'Espion noir (1939). La collaboration Powell-Pressburger assure la réalisation des films parmi les plus aboutis du cinéma britannique de cette période.

En 1938, il épouse Agí Donáth, mais le couple divorce en 1941. Il se remarie en 1947 avec Wendy Orme, avec qui il aura un enfant, Angela. Pressburger et Orme divorcent en 1971. Les deux fils d'Angela se sont fait une place de choix dans le cinéma : Andrew Macdonald est le producteur de films comme Trainspotting (1996) et Kevin Macdonald, réalisateur du Dernier Roi d'Écosse (2006), remporte l'Oscar du meilleur film documentaire pour Un jour en septembre en 1999.

Emeric Pressburger devient citoyen britannique en 1946.

Dans les années 1960, il publie deux romans : Killing a Mouse on Sunday, adapté au cinéma sous le titre Et vint le jour de la vengeance (Behold a Pale Horse), un film américain réalisé par Fred Zinnemann en 1964, et The Glass Pearls.

Il devient membre de la BAFTA en 1981 et du British Film Institute en 1983.

Pressburger passe la fin de sa vie à Saxstead, dans le comté anglais de Suffolk, où il meurt d'une pneumonie le 5 février 1988, à l'âge de 85 ans.

Best films

49th Parallel (1941)
(Scenario Writer)
The Red Shoes (1948)
(Director)
Black Narcissus (1947)
(Director)

Usually with

Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Emeric Pressburger (58 films)

Display filmography as list

Director

Ill Met by Moonlight, 1h44
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, War, Action, Adventure, Historical
Themes Seafaring films, Transport films, Political films
Actors Dirk Bogarde, Marius Goring, David Oxley, Cyril Cusack, Laurence Payne, Wolfe Morris
Rating65% 3.296413.296413.296413.296413.29641
During World War II, the Greek Mediterranean island of Crete was occupied by the Nazis. British officers Major Patrick Leigh Fermor DSO (Dirk Bogarde) and Captain Bill Stanley Moss MC (David Oxley) of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) land on the island. With the help of the local Cretan resistance in April 1944, they kidnap General Kreipe (Marius Goring), the commander of the island. They take Kreipe across rough country to a secluded cove on the far side of the island, where they are picked up and taken to Cairo, the Middle East headquarters of British forces.
Oh... Rosalinda!!, 1h41
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Comedy-drama, Musical
Themes Films about music and musicians, Musical films, Films based on operas, Operetta films
Actors Michael Redgrave, Mel Ferrer, Anthony Quayle, Dennis Price, Ludmila Tcherina, Anton Walbrook
Rating60% 3.004673.004673.004673.004673.00467
In 1955 Vienna, during its post-war occupation, the black-market dealer Dr. Falke (Anton Walbrook) moves freely through the French, British, American and Russian sectors, dealing in champagne and caviar amongst the highest echelons of the allied powers. After a costume party, French Colonel Gabriel Eisenstein (Michael Redgrave) plays a practical joke on a drunken Falke, depositing him, asleep and dressed as a bat, in the lap of a patriotic Russian statue, to be discovered the following morning by irate Russian soldiers. Falke is nearly arrested until his friend General Orlofsky (Anthony Quayle) of the USSR intervenes. A vengeful Falke plans an elaborate practical joke on his friend, involving Orlofsky, a British major (Dennis Price), Eisenstein's beautiful wife Rosalinda (Ludmilla Tcherina), her maid (Anneliese Rothenberger) and a masked ball where no one is what they seem. Complicating matters is American Captain Alfred Westerman (Mel Ferrer), an old flame of Rosalinda's who is determined to take advantage of her husband's absence.
The Battle of the River Plate, 1h59
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, War, Action, Adventure, Historical
Themes Seafaring films, Transport films, La bataille de l'Atlantique, Political films
Actors John Gregson, Anthony Quayle, Peter Finch, Ian Hunter, Bernard Lee, Patrick Macnee
Rating65% 3.2976753.2976753.2976753.2976753.297675
In the early months of the Second World War, Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine sends out merchant raiders to attack Allied shipping. The Royal Navy responds with hunting groups whose mission is to stop them. The group that finds the heavily armed pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee near South America is outgunned: Graf Spee is equipped with long-range 11-inch guns, while the British heavy cruiser Exeter has much lighter 8-inch guns, and the light cruisers Ajax and Achilles have 6-inch guns. Despite this, they go straight to the attack.
The Tales of Hoffmann, 2h8
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Fantasy, Adventure, Musical, Romance
Themes Dance films, Films about writers, Films about music and musicians, Musical films, Films based on operas
Actors Moira Shearer, Ludmila Tcherina, Robert Helpmann, Pamela Brown, Ann Ayars, Mogens Wieth
Rating71% 3.5955553.5955553.5955553.5955553.595555
In the prologue, Hoffmann is in the audience at a performance by Stella, a prima ballerina. Stella sends Hoffmann a note asking him to meet her after the performance, but the note is intercepted by his rival, Councillor Lindorf. Not having received her note, Hoffmann goes to the tavern in the interval, where he tells the story of a clown, Kleinzach and three stories of his past loves — Olympia, Giulietta and Antonia, and gets drunk.
The Elusive Pimpernel, 1h49
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Adventure, Historical, Romance
Themes Political films, Histoire de France, French Revolution films
Actors David Niven, Margaret Leighton, Jack Hawkins, Cyril Cusack, Robert Coote, Arlette Marchal
Rating61% 3.0989053.0989053.0989053.0989053.098905
During the French Revolution, the Scarlet Pimpernel (David Niven), who is really Sir Percy Blakeney in disguise, risks his life to rescue French noblemen from the guillotine and take them across the English Channel to safety. As cover, Sir Percy poses as a fop at Court, and curries favour with the Prince of Wales (Jack Hawkins) by providing advice about fashion, but secretly he leads The League, a group of noblemen with similar views.
Gone to Earth, 1h50
Directed by Michael Powell, Rouben Mamoulian, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Romance
Themes Films about animals, Films about foxes, Mise en scène d'un mammifère
Actors Jennifer Jones, David Farrar, Cyril Cusack, Esmond Knight, Sybil Thorndike, Edward Chapman
Rating68% 3.441523.441523.441523.441523.44152
Hazel Woodus (Jennifer Jones) is a child of nature in the Shropshire countryside in 1897. She loves and understands all the wild animals more than the people around her. Whenever she has problems, she turns to the book of spells and charms left to her by her gypsy mother.
The Small Back Room, 1h46
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, War, Thriller, Romance
Themes Political films
Actors David Farrar, Kathleen Byron, Jack Hawkins, Leslie Banks, Michael Gough, Cyril Cusack
Rating71% 3.5936853.5936853.5936853.5936853.593685
Sammy Rice (David Farrar) is a British scientist working with a specialist "back room" team in London during World War II. Rice is embittered because he feels military scientific research is being incompetently managed. He is also enduring unremitting pain from his artificial foot. The painkillers he has been prescribed are ineffective, and his use of alcohol as an analgesic has led to his alcoholism. His girlfriend Susan (Kathleen Byron) puts up with his self-pitying, self-destructive behaviour as long as she can, but finally breaks up with him, telling him that he lacks the ambition to better himself.
The Red Shoes, 2h14
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Musical, Romance
Themes Dance films, Musical films, Children's films
Actors Moira Shearer, Anton Walbrook, Marius Goring, Robert Helpmann, Albert Bassermann, Ludmila Tcherina
Rating80% 4.049434.049434.049434.049434.04943
Victoria 'Vicky' Page (Moira Shearer) is a young, unknown dancer from an aristocratic background. At an after-ballet party, arranged by her aunt as a surreptitious audition, she meets Boris Lermontov (Anton Walbrook), the ruthless but charismatic impresario of the Ballet Lermontov. Lermontov takes her on as a student, where she is taught by, among others, Grisha Ljubov (Léonide Massine), the company's chief choreographer.
Black Narcissus, 1h40
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama
Themes Films about education, Films about religion
Actors Deborah Kerr, Sabu, Jean Simmons, David Farrar, Flora Robson, Esmond Knight
Rating77% 3.898713.898713.898713.898713.89871
A group of Anglican nuns travel to a remote location in the Himalayas (the Palace of Mopu, near Darjeeling) to set up a school and hospital for the local people, only to find themselves increasingly seduced by the sensuality of their surroundings in a converted seraglio high up in the mountains, and by the local British agent Mr Dean (David Farrar). Clodagh (Deborah Kerr), the Sister Superior, is attempting to forget a failed romance at home in Ireland. Tensions mount as Dean's laid-back charm makes an impression on Clodagh, but also attracts the mentally unstable Sister Ruth (Kathleen Byron), who becomes pathologically jealous of Clodagh, resulting in a nervous breakdown and a violent climax. In a subplot, 'the Young General' (Sabu), heir to the throne of a princely Indian state who has come to the convent for his education, becomes infatuated with Kanchi, a lower caste dancing girl (Jean Simmons).
A Matter of Life and Death, 1h34
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Fantastic, Comedy, Fantasy, Romance
Themes Films about religion, Transport films, Aviation films, Films about angels, Political films
Actors David Niven, Roger Livesey, Richard Attenborough, Kim Hunter, Marius Goring, Raymond Massey
Rating80% 4.047454.047454.047454.047454.04745
Squadron Leader Peter Carter (David Niven) is a British Royal Air Force pilot trying to fly a badly damaged and burning Lancaster bomber home after a mission over Germany on 2 May 1945. He has ordered his crew to bail out, without revealing that his own parachute has been shot up. He manages to contact June (Kim Hunter), an American radio operator based in England, and talks with her for a few minutes before jumping without a parachute.
I Know Where I'm Going!, 1h31
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Romance
Actors Wendy Hiller, Roger Livesey, Pamela Brown, Finlay Currie, George Carney, John Laurie
Rating74% 3.746563.746563.746563.746563.74656
Joan Webster (Wendy Hiller) is a young middle class Englishwoman with an ambitious, independent spirit. She knows where she's going, or at least she thinks she does. She travels from her home in Manchester to the Hebrides to marry Sir Robert Bellinger, a very wealthy, much older industrialist, on the (fictitious) Isle of Kiloran.
A Canterbury Tale, 2h4
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, War, Thriller, Comedy, Comedy-drama
Themes Transport films, Political films, Road movies
Actors Eric Portman, Sheila Sim, Dennis Price, Kim Hunter, Charles Hawtrey, Esmond Knight
Rating74% 3.7443753.7443753.7443753.7443753.744375
The story concerns three young people: British Army Sergeant Peter Gibbs (Dennis Price), U.S. Army Sergeant Bob Johnson (played by real-life Sergeant John Sweet), and a "Land Girl", Miss Alison Smith (Sheila Sim). The group arrive at the railway station in the fictitious small Kent town of Chillingbourne (filmed in Chilham, Fordwich, Wickhambreaux and other villages in the area), near Canterbury, late on Friday night, 27 August 1943. Peter has been stationed at a nearby Army camp, Alison is due to start working on a farm in the area, and Bob left the train by mistake, hearing the announcement "next stop Canterbury" and thinking he was in Canterbury.
The Volunteer, 45minutes
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres War, Documentary
Themes Politique, Transport films, Aviation films, Documentary films about war, Documentary films about historical events, Political films, Documentary films about World War II
Actors Ralph Richardson, Michael Powell, Anna Neagle, Laurence Olivier, Herbert Wilcox, Anthony Asquith
Rating59% 2.997812.997812.997812.997812.99781
L'engagement de l'habilleur d'un acteur de théâtre britannique, qui devient un héros et reçoit la Distinguished Service Medal au Palais de Buckingham.
The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp, 2h43
Directed by Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, War, Comedy, Romance
Themes Political films
Actors Roger Livesey, Deborah Kerr, Anton Walbrook, Roland Culver, Ursula Jeans, Patrick Macnee
Rating80% 4.046754.046754.046754.046754.04675
Major-General Clive Wynne-Candy (Roger Livesey) is a senior commander in the Home Guard during the Second World War. Before a training exercise, he is captured in a Turkish bath by soldiers led by Lieutenant "Spud" Wilson, who has struck pre-emptively. He ignores Candy's outraged protests that "War starts at midnight!" They scuffle and fall into a bathing pool.