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Howard Shore is a Actor and Sound Canadien born on 18 october 1946 at Toronto (Canada)

Howard Shore

Howard Shore
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Birth name Howard Leslie Shore
Nationality Canada
Birth 18 october 1946 (75 years) at Toronto (Canada)

Howard Leslie Shore (born October 18, 1946) is a Canadian composer, notable for his film scores. He has composed the scores for over 80 films, most notably the scores for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, for which he won three Academy Awards. He is also a consistent collaborator with director David Cronenberg, having scored all but one of his films since 1979.

He has also composed a few concert works including one opera, The Fly, based on the plot (though not his score) of Cronenberg's 1986 film premiered at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris on July 2, 2008, a short piece Fanfare for the Wanamaker Organ and the Philadelphia Orchestra, and a short overture for the Swiss 21st Century Symphony Orchestra. Howard Shore also scored for The Twilight Saga: Eclipse, the third film of the five-film series.

Shore is a three-time Academy Award winner, and has also won three Golden Globe Awards and four Grammy Awards. He is the uncle of film composer Ryan Shore. Shore serves on the Board of Trustees at his alma mater, Berklee College of Music.

Biography

Howard Shore étudie la composition avec John Bavicci au Berklee College of Music de Boston en 1969 et, plus tard, il cofonde le groupe rock Lighthouse, composé de Skip Prokop, Paul Hoffert, Ralph Cole, Bob McBride, Larry Smith et lui-même. Dans le groupe, Shore joue du saxophone alto et de la flûte, composant également des chansons. De 1969 à 1972, Shore enregistre avec Lighthouse. Étant membre du groupe, Shore travaille aussi pour la radio et compose de la musique pour des émissions de télévision de la Société Radio-Canada (SRC).

Avec un petit groupe d'amis, incluant le producteur, scénariste et acteur canadien Lorne Michaels, il crée l'émission de télévision Saturday Night Live. De 1975 à 1980, Shore est directeur musical, sous l'autorité de Michaels, des cinq premières saisons de l'émission dont il compose la chanson-thème, y jouant également du saxophone. Les contraintes d'une émission hebdomadaire l'amènent à composer très rapidement de la musique de différents sortes. Shore est donc préparé à travailler pour tous les genres de film.

Sa rencontre avec le réalisateur David Cronenberg, son compatriote canadien, est déterminante et le lance dans la composition pour le cinéma. Shore livre des partitions très sombres et souvent atonales, qui collent parfaitement à l'univers glauque et viscéral du cinéaste. Le compositeur a écrit la musique de tous les films de Cronenberg (Faux-semblants, Le Festin nu ou Crash), à l'exception de Dead Zone.

Dès lors, le compositeur sera souvent attaché à des projets à l'atmosphère lourde et oppressante, comme en témoignent sa partition pour Le Silence des agneaux en 1990 ou pour Seven en 1995.

Bien qu'il ait également évolué dans des registres plus légers (Big en 1988 ou Madame Doubtfire en 1994), son œuvre est marquée par ces ambiances sombres et c'est avec étonnement que les fans de J. R. R. Tolkien et les amateurs de musique de films en général apprennent, en 2001, son engagement sur la trilogie de Peter Jackson, Le Seigneur des Anneaux.

Les craintes des puristes sont rapidement levées dès les premières notes qui ouvrent le film et ses partitions épiques pour la trilogie seront saluées par le public, la critique et les professionnels du cinéma, qui lui décernent l'Oscar de la meilleure musique en 2002 pour La Communauté de l'Anneau et pour Le Retour du Roi en 2004.

Les douze heures de musique composées pour la trilogie du Seigneur des Anneaux, dans les versions longues, ont été adaptées et réarrangées par Howard Shore pour The Lord of the Rings: Symphony in six movements, symphonie d'une durée d'environ deux heures, jouée lors d'une tournée mondiale en 2004, incluant notamment des représentations à Londres et Sydney.

En décembre 2005, l'intégralité de la musique originale composée pour Le Seigneur des Anneaux (Le Seigneur des anneaux : La Communauté de l'anneau) paraît pour la toute première fois. Le coffret intitulé The Lord of the Rings - The Complete Recordings - The Fellowship of the Ring comprend 3 CD et 1 DVD (ce dernier reprenant le contenu des 3 CD en qualité Dolby Digital 5.1).

En 2005, il retrouve Peter Jackson sur son adaptation de King Kong, mais sa partition ne convainc pas le réalisateur, qui lui préfère le compositeur James Newton Howard. Malgré cette déconvenue, Jackson et Shore collaborent sur l'autre adaptation de l'œuvre de Tolkien, Le Hobbit dont le premier volet, Le Hobbit : Un voyage inattendu, est sorti en 2012, le deuxième, Le Hobbit : La Désolation de Smaug, en 2013 et le dernier, Le Hobbit : La Bataille des Cinq Armées, en 2014.

En 2006, il continue d'évoluer dans l'Heroic fantasy, en composant la musique du jeu vidéo Soul of the Ultimate Nation où l'on reconnaît clairement l'univers musical du Seigneur des Anneaux.

Depuis quelques années, il est également le compositeur régulier de Martin Scorsese dont la première collaboration remonte à 1985 avec After Hours (film). En 2012, il fut nommé pour l'oscar de la meilleure musique de film pour Hugo Cabret réalisé par Scorsese.


Œuvres de concert
Piano four pour piano; Fanfare pour 10 cuivres et orgue; Eclipse pour piano; Spider pour 9 instruments; Orbit pour orchestre; Ruin and memory, concerto pour piano et orchestre; The garden pour chœur et 2 violoncelles; Hughie pour flute basse, clarinette basse cor, trombone basse et piano; 7 pièces pour 7 cordes; Concertino pour violon, cimbalom, harpe et orchestre à cordes; Nerakhoon pour chœur et 2 violoncelles; Peace pour chœur et orgue; Peace pour chœur, 7 cuivres et 2 tambours; The lord of the rings symphony; The fly, opera; Mythic gardens pour violoncelle et orchestre; Discontent pour orchestre, orgue et chœur ; Catania pour piano…

Best films

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003)
(Original Music Composer)
The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012)
(Original Music Composer)
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013)
(Original Music Composer)
The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014)
(Original Music Composer)
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002)
(Original Music Composer)
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)
(Original Music Composer)

Usually with

Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Howard Shore (89 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

King Kong
King Kong (2005)
, 3h7
Directed by Peter Jackson
Origin Nouvelle zelande
Genres Drama, Fantastic, Fantasy, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about animals, Dinosaur films, Films about magic and magicians, Seafaring films, La préhistoire, Transport films, Animaux préhistoriques, Films about apes, King Kong films, Giant monster films, Mise en scène d'un mammifère, Disaster films
Actors Naomi Watts, Jack Black, Adrien Brody, Thomas Kretschmann, Colin Hanks, Jamie Bell
Roles le chef d'orchestre
Rating71% 3.596933.596933.596933.596933.59693
In 1933, at the height of the Great Depression, New York City vaudeville actress Ann Darrow has lost her job and is hired by financially troubled filmmaker Carl Denham to star in his new film. Ann signs on when she learns her favorite playwright, Jack Driscoll, is the screenwriter. As their tramp steamer, the SS Venture, makes the lengthy journey to the remote and mysterious Skull Island, Ann and Jack fall in love. Captain Englehorn begins having second thoughts about the voyage, prompted by crew speculation of trouble ahead.
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, 3h21
Directed by Peter Jackson
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Fantasy, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about animals, Films about magic and magicians, Monde imaginaire, Films about spiders, Middle-earth films
Actors Elijah Wood, Ian McKellen, Andy Serkis, Viggo Mortensen, Sean Astin, Cate Blanchett
Roles Drinking Rohan Soldier (uncredited)
Rating85% 4.265584.265584.265584.265584.26558
Gandalf leads Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, and King Théoden to Isengard where they reunite with Merry and Pippin, who helped the Ents destroy Saruman’s forces. With Saruman himself defeated, Gandalf retrieves Saruman’s palantír which is viewed by a curious Pippin, allowing Sauron to attack the Hobbit’s mind. Gandalf deduces Sauron will attack Gondor’s capital Minas Tirith, riding there with Pippin. They meet Lord Denethor, steward of Gondor, and Boromir’s father. Pippin declares his service to Denethor after Boromir died protecting him.
Unspeakable, 1h21
Directed by Chad Ferrin
Origin USA
Genres Horror, Crime
Themes Films about families, Medical-themed films, Films about drugs, Films about religion, Films about sexuality, Rape in fiction, Erotic films, LGBT-related films, Films about prostitution, Transgender in film, Serial killer films, Films about disabilities, LGBT-related films, LGBT-related film
Actors Richard Gunn, Howard Shore, Chad Ferrin
Roles Lucio Crisco
Rating39% 1.9903651.9903651.9903651.9903651.990365
On his way home from a party, James Fhelleps is involved a car crash that kills his daughter Heather, and leaves his wife Alice disfigured, paralyzed and catatonic. While James aimlessly wanders the city, Alice is cared for by Barry, a coprophilic physical therapist who sexually abuses her. One day, James gives a prostitute named Emmy Bruzze a lift to her house, where James experiences a psychotic break when Emmy tries to seduce him, resulting in him killing her. As James stares at Emmy's body in shock, it begins speaking to him in Heather's voice, begging for help and claiming that God is keeping her from him. James returns home, gets rid of all religious objects in the house, and holds a conversation with Alice, who he is convinced communicates with him telepathically.
Gilda Live
Gilda Live (1980)
, 1h36
Directed by Mike Nichols
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors Gilda Radner, Paul Shaffer, Don Novello, Howard Shore
Roles Candy Slice Group singer
Rating67% 3.3935553.3935553.3935553.3935553.393555
Gilda Live est une version filmé du one-man show comique de Gilda Radner, enregistré à Broadway, avec les membres les plus importants du groupe du Saturday Night Live.

Sound

Pieces of a Woman
Directed by Kornél Mundruczó
Origin Canada
Genres Drama
Actors Vanessa Kirby, Shia LaBeouf, Ellen Burstyn, Molly Parker, Iliza Shlesinger, Sarah Snook
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating70% 3.54983.54983.54983.54983.5498
Une jeune femme voit sa vie totalement anéantie, suite à la perte de son bébé. Elle décide alors de se lancer dans un voyage intérieur fort émotionnellement parlant. Face à cette douloureuse perte, elle va devoir gérer les conséquences de son deuil sur ses relations avec son mari et sa mère.
The Catcher Was a Spy, 1h38
Directed by Ben Lewin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Thriller, Biography, Spy
Themes Spy films
Actors Paul Rudd, Mark Strong, Sienna Miller, Jeff Daniels, Guy Pearce, Paul Giamatti
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating62% 3.1010153.1010153.1010153.1010153.101015
L'histoire vraie du célèbre joueur juif de baseball américain Moe Berg qui, lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, devient secrètement un espion pour le Office of Strategic Services. Sa renommée sportive, ses connaissances universitaires et son don pour les langues font de lui une recrue de premier choix. Sa mission : espionner les Nazis qui veulent construire rapidement la première bombe atomique. Mais la vie privée et mystérieuse de Berg intrigue son entourage au point qu'on le soupçonne d'être homosexuel.
Silence
Silence (2016)
, 2h41
Directed by Martin Scorsese
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Historical
Themes Seafaring films, Films about religion, Transport films
Actors Liam Neeson, Andrew Garfield, Javier Bardem, Benicio del Toro, Adam Driver, Gael García Bernal
Rating71% 3.59883.59883.59883.59883.5988
Au Japon, au XVII siècle, des missionnaires jésuites portugais sont victimes de persécution religieuse en se rendant sur les traces de leur mentor.
Denial
Denial (2016)
, 1h50
Directed by Mick Jackson
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Historical
Themes Négationnisme
Actors Rachel Weisz, Tom Wilkinson, Timothy Spall, Andrew Scott, Jack Lowden, Caren Pistorius
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating67% 3.350943.350943.350943.350943.35094
Deborah Lipstadt, historienne américaine et auteur reconnue, enseigne l'histoire et la mémoire de la Shoah. Elle se voit confrontée à un écrivain extrémiste, avocat de thèses négationnistes sur le régime nazi, le Britannique David Irving, qui la met au défi de prouver l'existence de la Shoah. Deborah Lipstadt ayant dénoncé dans un livre les manipulations et les préjugés idéologiques de David Irving, celui-ci l'assigne en justice pour diffamation, en Grande-Bretagne. Elle se retrouve dans la situation incroyable de devoir prouver que ce qu'elle a écrit sur Irving est vrai et fondé, notamment qu'il ment sciemment en niant notamment l'existence des chambres à gaz. Comment, en restant dans les limites du droit, faire face à un négationniste prêt à toutes les bassesses pour obtenir gain de cause, et l'empêcher de profiter de cette tribune pour propager ses théories nauséabondes ?
Spotlight
Spotlight (2015)
, 2h8
Directed by Tom McCarthy
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Historical
Themes Films about writers, Films about children, Films about journalists, Films about religion, Films about sexuality, Films about pedophilia, Films about child abuse
Actors Rachel McAdams, Liev Schreiber, Mark Ruffalo, Stanley Tucci, Brian d'Arcy James, Michael Keaton
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating80% 4.0476854.0476854.0476854.0476854.047685
En 1976, le prêtre John Geoghan est arrêté pour viol sur mineur à Boston. Dans la nuit, un prêtre de haut rang se rend au commissariat pour négocier avec la mère de l'enfant et laisse Geoghan ressortir libre alors que l'avocat général demande aux agents présents de ne pas ébruiter l'affaire.
Rosewater
Rosewater (2014)
, 1h43
Directed by Jon Stewart
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Themes Films about music and musicians, Prison films, Musical films, Political films
Actors Gael García Bernal, Shohreh Aghdashloo, Haluk Bilginer, Golshifteh Farahani, Kim Bodnia, Jason Jones
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating65% 3.29963.29963.29963.29963.2996
In 2009, London-based Iranian-Canadian journalist Maziar Bahari is detained in Iran after he reports on violence against protesters of the country's presidential election, as well as giving a satirical interview with Jason Jones of The Daily Show. While his pregnant fiancée waits for him, Bahari spends 118 days at Evin Prison being brutally interrogated.
The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies, 2h24
Directed by Andy Serkis, Peter Jackson
Origin USA
Genres Fantasy, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about magic and magicians, Monde imaginaire, Middle-earth films, Films about dragons, Children's films
Actors Dean O'Gorman, Lee Pace, Martin Freeman, Benedict Cumberbatch, Luke Evans, Orlando Bloom
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating73% 3.698843.698843.698843.698843.69884
Bilbo and the Dwarves watch from the Lonely Mountain as the dragon Smaug sets Laketown ablaze, and its people flee. Bard the Bowman breaks out of prison, and eventually kills Smaug with the black arrow brought to him by his son Bain. Smaug's falling body crushes the fleeing Master of Laketown, who was escaping Laketown on a boat laden with the town's gold. Bard reluctantly becomes the new leader of the Laketown people as they seek refuge in the ruins of Dale, while Legolas travels to investigate Mount Gundabad with Tauriel. Thorin, now struck with "dragon sickness" over the vast treasure in the mountain, searches obsessively for the Arkenstone, which Bilbo had previously found but kept hidden. Thorin, hearing that people have come to Dale, orders the entrance of the Lonely Mountain sealed off.
Maps to the Stars, 1h51
Directed by David Cronenberg
Origin Canada
Genres Drama
Themes Films about films, Films about families, Films about sexuality, Films about suicide, Films about television, LGBT-related film, Lesbian-related films
Actors Robert Pattinson, Mia Wasikowska, Julianne Moore, John Cusack, Carrie Fisher, Sarah Gadon
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating61% 3.0989253.0989253.0989253.0989253.098925
Agatha arrives in Los Angeles and employs limousine driver Jerome to take her to the site of the former house of child star Benjie Weiss. Agatha has severe burns to her face and body, and takes a copious amount of medication. Benjie visits a child suffering from non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the hospital; however, the girl later dies. Benjie’s father, Dr. Stafford Weiss, is a TV psychologist who is treating aging actress Havana Segrand for abuse she suffered at the hands of her deceased mother, also an actress. Havana’s agent struggles to get Havana a role in a remake of her mother’s film Stolen Waters. Havana routinely hallucinates about the deceased younger version of her mother.
Jimmy P.
Jimmy P. (2013)
, 1h56
Directed by Arnaud Desplechin
Origin France
Genres Drama, Comedy-drama
Themes Psychologie
Actors Benicio del Toro, Mathieu Amalric, Elya Baskin, Gina McKee, Joseph Cross, Larry Pine
Rating61% 3.050183.050183.050183.050183.05018
Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Jimmy Picard, un vétéran nord-amérindien de la tribu des Pieds-Noirs, est admis au Winter Veteran Hospital de Topeka au Kansas fondé par le psychiatre Karl Menninger. Souffrant de maux de tête aigus, d'absences et de crises d'angoisse incontrôlables qu'aucun médecin ne réussit à relier à une cause physiologique liée à son accident survenu en France, il est pris en charge par Georges Devereux, un ethnologue français originaire d'Europe centrale, spécialiste des cultures amérindiennes.
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, 2h41
Directed by Peter Jackson
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Fantasy, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about animals, Films about magic and magicians, Monde imaginaire, Middle-earth films, Films about dragons, Children's films
Actors Ian McKellen, Martin Freeman, Richard Armitage, Benedict Cumberbatch, Cate Blanchett, Lee Pace
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating77% 3.8983153.8983153.8983153.8983153.898315
Thorin and his company are being pursued by Azog and his Orc party following the events of the previous film. They are ushered along by Gandalf to the nearby home of Beorn, a skin-changer who can take the form of the bear. That night, Azog is summoned to Dol Guldur by the Necromancer, who commands him to marshal his forces for war. Azog then delegates the hunt for Thorin to his son Bolg. The following day, Beorn escorts the company to the borders of Mirkwood, where Gandalf discovers Black Speech imprinted on an old ruin. This coincides with a telepathic message from Galadriel urging him to investigate the tombs of the Nazgûl. He warns the company to remain on the path and leaves them. Upon entering the forest they lose their way and are ensnared by giant spiders. Bilbo then sets about freeing the dwarves with the help of his recently acquired invisibility ring. He subsequently drops the Ring and first begins to understand its dark influence after he brutally kills a centipede-like creature to retrieve it.
Cosmopolis
Cosmopolis (2012)
, 1h48
Directed by David Cronenberg
Origin France
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Thriller
Themes Films set in the future
Actors Robert Pattinson, Paul Giamatti, Jay Baruchel, Samantha Morton, Sarah Gadon, Mathieu Amalric
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating51% 2.5562352.5562352.5562352.5562352.556235
Twenty-eight-year-old billionaire currency speculator/asset manager Eric Packer rides slowly across Manhattan amid traffic jams, in his state-of-the-art luxury stretch limousine office, to his preferred barber. Various visitors discuss the meaning of life and inconsequential trivia. The traffic jams are caused by a visit of the President of the United States and the funeral of Eric's favorite musician, a rap artist whose music he plays in one of his two private elevators. Despite devastating currency speculation losses over the course of the day, Packer fantasizes about buying the Rothko Chapel.