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Jackie Gleason is a Actor and Writer American born on 26 february 1916 at New York City (USA)

Jackie Gleason

Jackie Gleason
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Birth name Herbert Walton Gleason Jr.
Nationality USA
Birth 26 february 1916 at New York City (USA)
Death 24 june 1987 (at 71 years) at Fort Lauderdale (USA)
Awards Peabody Award

John Herbert "Jackie" Gleason (February 26, 1916 – June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor, and musician who developed a style and characters in his career from growing up in Brooklyn, New York. He was known for his brash visual and verbal comedy style, exemplified by his character Ralph Kramden in the television series The Honeymooners. By filming the episodes with Electronicam, Gleason later could release the series in syndication, building its popularity over the years with new audiences. He also developed The Jackie Gleason Show, which had the second-highest ratings in the country 1954-1955, and which he produced over the years in variations, including in the venue of Miami, Florida after moving there.

Among his notable film roles were Minnesota Fats in the Academy Award-winning 1961 drama The Hustler (co-starring with Paul Newman), and Buford T. Justice in the Smokey and the Bandit series from 1977 into the early 1980s, in which he co-starred with Burt Reynolds.

Biography

Marriages and family
Gleason met dancer Genevieve Halford when they were working in vaudeville, and they started to date. Halford wanted to marry but Gleason was not ready to settle down. She said she would see other men if they did not marry. One evening when Gleason went onstage at the Club Miami in Newark, New Jersey, he saw Halford in the front row with a date. At the end of his show, Gleason went to the table and proposed to Halford in front of her date. They were married on September 20, 1936.

Halford wanted a quiet home life but Gleason fell back into spending his nights out. Separated for the first time in 1941 and reconciled in 1948, the couple had two daughters (Geraldine and Linda). Gleason and his wife informally separated again in 1951.

In early 1954, Gleason suffered a broken leg and ankle on-air during his television show. His injuries sidelined him for several weeks. Halford visited him while Gleason was hospitalized, finding dancer Marilyn Taylor there from his television show. Halford filed for a legal separation in April 1954. A devout Catholic, Halford did not grant Gleason a divorce until 1970.

Gleason met his second wife, Beverly McKittrick, at a country club in 1968, where she worked as a secretary. Ten days after his divorce from Genevieve was final, Gleason and McKittrick were married in a registry ceremony in Ashford, England on July 4, 1970.

In 1974 Marilyn Taylor encountered Gleason again when she moved to the Miami area to be near her sister June, whose dancers were part of Gleason's shows for many years. She had been out of show business for nearly 20 years. In September 1974 Gleason filed for divorce from McKittrick (who contested, asking for a reconciliation). The divorce was granted on November 19, 1975. As a widow with a young son, Marilyn Taylor married Gleason on December 16, 1975; the marriage lasted until his death in 1987.

Gleason's daughter Linda became an actress and married actor-playwright Jason Miller. Their son, Gleason's grandson, is actor Jason Patric.


Fear of flying
For many years, Gleason would travel only by train; his fear of flying arose from an incident in his early movie career. Gleason would fly back and forth to Los Angeles for relatively minor movie work. After finishing one movie, the comedian boarded a plane for New York. When two of the plane's engines cut out in the middle of the flight, the pilot had to make an emergency landing in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Although another plane was prepared for the passengers, Gleason had had enough of flying. He went into downtown Tulsa, walked into a hardware store, and asked its owner to lend him $200 for the train trip to New York. The owner asked Gleason why he thought anyone would lend a stranger so much money. Gleason identified himself and explained his situation. The store owner said he would lend the money if the local theater had a photo of Gleason in his latest film. But the publicity shots showed only the principal stars. Gleason proposed to buy two tickets to the movie and take the store owner; he would be able to see the actor in action. The two men watched the movie for an hour before Gleason appeared on screen. The owner gave Gleason the loan, and he took the next train to New York. There he borrowed $200 to repay his benefactor.


Interest in the paranormal
Gleason was greatly interested in the paranormal , buying and reading numerous books on the topic, as well as on parapsychology and UFOs. During the 1950s he was a semi-regular guest on a paranormal-themed overnight radio show hosted by John Nebel, and wrote the introduction to Donald Bain's biography of Nebel. After his death, his large book collection was donated to the library of the University of Miami. A complete listing of the holdings of Gleason's library has been issued by the online cataloging service LibraryThing.

According to writer Larry Holcombe, Gleason's known interest in UFOs allegedly prompted President Richard Nixon to share some information with him and to disclose some UFO data publicly.

Best films

Smokey and the Bandit II (1980)
(Actor)
The Toy (1982)
(Actor)
The Hustler (1961)
(Actor)
Soldier in the Rain (1963)
(Actor)
Papa's Delicate Condition (1963)
(Actor)

Usually with

Hal Needham
Hal Needham
(3 films)
Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2 films)
Ralph Nelson
Ralph Nelson
(4 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Jackie Gleason (31 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Nothing in Common, 1h58
Directed by Garry Marshall
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romantic comedy, Romance
Actors Tom Hanks, Jackie Gleason, Eva Marie Saint, Bess Armstrong, Héctor Elizondo, Barry Corbin
Roles Max Basner
Rating59% 2.9506152.9506152.9506152.9506152.950615
Happy-go-lucky advertising executive David Basner (Tom Hanks), who recently got a promotion at his Chicago ad agency, returns to work from a vacation. He is carefree until his parents split up after 36 years of marriage. Out of the blue, he must care for his aging, bitter father Max (Jackie Gleason), as well as support his emotionally fragile mother Lorraine (Eva Marie Saint). Max has also just been fired from his 35-year career in the garment industry. At work, David is developing a commercial for Colonial Airlines, owned by the rich and bullish Andrew Woolridge (Barry Corbin). A successful ad campaign would likely gain David a promotion to partner in his company. David develops a relationship with Woolridge's daughter, no-nonsense Cheryl Ann Wayne (Sela Ward). His father is well aware of David's playboy nature.
The Sting II, 1h42
Directed by Jeremy Kagan
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Action, Crime
Themes Escroquerie
Actors Jackie Gleason, Teri Garr, Karl Malden, Oliver Reed, Mac Davis, Larry Bishop
Roles Fargo Gondorff
Rating49% 2.452672.452672.452672.452672.45267
The Great Depression is over. King of the con men Fargo Gondorff is released from prison and reassembles his cronies for another con, out to avenge the murder of his lifelong pal Kid Colors.
Smokey and the Bandit Part 3, 1h25
Directed by Dick Lowry
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Action, Crime
Themes Transport films, Films about automobiles, Trucker films, Road movies, Chase films
Actors Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed (Hubbard), Colleen Camp, Pat McCormick, Mike Henry, Paul Williams
Roles Buford T. Justice
Rating35% 1.759571.759571.759571.759571.75957
As is the case with the two preceding Smokey and the Bandit films, Smokey and the Bandit Part 3 begins with Big Enos (Pat McCormick) and Little Enos (Paul Williams) offering a sizable wager on one's ability to transport a shipment a large distance in a short period of time. Offering a slight twist, however, the offer is this time made to a retiring Sheriff Buford T. Justice (Jackie Gleason), betting $250,000 against his badge on his ability to transport a large stuffed fish from an eatery in Florida to Texas.
The Toy
The Toy (1982)
, 1h42
Directed by Richard Donner
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Themes Films about children, Jeu, Films about toys, Buddy films
Actors Jackie Gleason, Richard Pryor, Ned Beatty, Wilfrid Hyde-White, Scott Schwartz, Teresa Ganzel
Roles Ulysses Simpson 'U.S.' Bates
Rating58% 2.900822.900822.900822.900822.90082
Jack Brown (Pryor) is an unemployed newspaper reporter in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in danger of losing his house to the bank. After numerous unsuccessful attempts to get a job working for the local paper, the Bugle, he becomes so desperate that he ends up taking a job as a "cleaning lady" for wealthy U.S. Bates (Gleason), who owns the paper and many other businesses. Brown is humiliated as he clumsily attempts to serve food at a luncheon. He is fired, but lands a part-time job in a department store owned by Bates.
Smokey and the Bandit II, 1h40
Directed by Hal Needham
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Action
Themes Transport films, Films about automobiles, Trucker films, Road movies, Chase films
Actors Burt Reynolds, Sally Field, Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed (Hubbard), Pat McCormick, Paul Williams
Roles Buford T. Justice
Rating52% 2.6032052.6032052.6032052.6032052.603205
Big Enos Burdett (Pat McCormick) is running for Governor of Texas against another candidate, John Coen (David Huddleston). After a figurative and literal "mudslinging" between the two, they are both confronted by the outgoing governor and given a thorough tongue-lashing. As Burdett is leaving the office he overhears the governor yelling at an assistant to take responsibility for transporting a crate of unknown content from Miami to the Republican Party convention in Dallas. Burdett then schemes to pick up the crate and deliver it to the convention. He enlists the help of Bandit (Burt Reynolds) and Cledus (Jerry Reed) to carry out the task.
Smokey and the Bandit, 1h32
Directed by Hal Needham
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about music and musicians, Transport films, Films about automobiles, Trucker films, Musical films, Road movies, Chase films
Actors Burt Reynolds, Sally Field, Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed (Hubbard), Mike Henry, Mike Henry
Roles Sheriff Buford T. Justice
Rating69% 3.4500653.4500653.4500653.4500653.450065
Wealthy Texan Big Enos Burdette (Pat McCormick) and his son Little Enos (Paul Williams) seek a truck driver willing to bootleg Coors beer to Georgia for their refreshment. At the time, Coors was regarded as one of the finest beers in the United States, but it could not be sold legally east of the Mississippi River. Truck drivers who had taken the bet previously had been caught and arrested by "Smokey" (CB slang for highway patrol officers, referring to the Smokey Bear–type hats worn in some states).
Mr. Billion, 1h32
Directed by Jonathan Kaplan
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Action
Actors Terence Hill, Valerie Perrine, Jackie Gleason, Slim Pickens, William Redfield, Chill Wills
Roles John Cutler
Rating54% 2.7061752.7061752.7061752.7061752.706175
Guido Falcone (Terence Hill), an easygoing Italian mechanic, is heir to a billion-dollar inheritance after his uncle dies in a freak accident. In order to claim his inheritance, he must reach San Francisco within twenty days to sign a document. His uncle's greedy assistant John Cutler (Jackie Gleason) wants the money for himself, and hires a female detective (Valerie Perrine) to prevent him from reaching his goal.
How Do I Love Thee?, 1h50
Directed by Michael Gordon
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Comedy-drama
Actors Jackie Gleason, Maureen O'Hara, Shelley Winters, Rosemary Forsyth, Rick Lenz, Don Beddoe
Roles Stanley Waltz
Rating50% 2.539422.539422.539422.539422.53942
Tom Waltz, a college professor, finds out that Stanley, his father, is in Lourdes, France. He quickly catches a flight there over his wife Marion's objections.
How to Commit Marriage, 1h35
Directed by Norman Panama
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Actors Bob Hope, Jackie Gleason, Jane Wyman, Leslie Nielsen, Paul Stewart, Maureen Arthur
Roles Oliver Poe
Rating53% 2.658212.658212.658212.658212.65821
Nancy, the 19-year-old daughter of Frank and Elaine Benson (Bob Hope and Jane Wyman), wants to marry David (Tim Matheson), the 20-year-old son of Oliver Poe (Jackie Gleason). What the bride doesn't know is that her parents are about to get a divorce.
Don't Drink the Water, 1h40
Directed by Howard Morris
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Themes Films based on plays
Actors Jackie Gleason, Estelle Parsons, Ted Bessell, Michael Constantine, Richard Libertini, Howard St. John
Roles Walter Hollander
Rating56% 2.803322.803322.803322.803322.80332
Walter Hollander, a caterer, is on vacation with his wife Marion and daughter Susan. While flying to Athens, their plane is hijacked to Vulgaria, behind the Iron Curtain. While waiting for the plane to be cleared to take off again, Marion insists they go outside and take a few pictures. Unfortunately they are in a restricted area so the secret police suspect them of being spies. Inspector Krojak sends a squad of soldiers with machine guns to arrest them, and the Hollanders flee to the car of the American ambassador which is parked nearby.
Skidoo
Skidoo (1968)
, 1h37
Directed by Otto Preminger
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Themes Medical-themed films, Films about drugs
Actors Jackie Gleason, Carol Channing, Frankie Avalon, Fred Clark, Michael Constantine, Frank Gorshin
Roles Tough Tony Banks
Rating46% 2.307762.307762.307762.307762.30776
As a cartoon character dressed in prison stripes (and holding a peace-logo flower which turns into a tiny parasol and then a helicopter blade) executes a few dance steps to the music of Nilsson's Skidoo theme, the words "Otto Preminger" appear below him. Additional words "presents SKIDOO starring" can also be seen as the camera pulls back to reveal that this image is on a TV screen, while Carol Channing's voice is heard exclaiming, "No, Harry, not that. No, I don't wanna see that", with the channel suddenly switching to show a US Senate hearing conducted by Senator Hummel, portrayed by Peter Lawford, who asks a series of organized crime figures various questions to which they invariably reply, "I refuse to answer on the grounds it may tend to incriminate me." Every few seconds, the channel showing the hearing switches to another channel which is screening Preminger's black-and-white 1965 feature, In Harm's Way, or still other channels which have one spurious commercial after another. The initial ad depicts an attractive blonde declaring, "now you too can be beautiful and sexually desirable like me instead of being that fat, disgusting, foul-breathed, slimy, wallowing sow that you are," the second has another intensely smiling blonde stating that "maybe we blondes do have more fun" and the third ad depicts a drunken slob swilling beer and belching, interspersed with an image of a pig with beer foam around its snout, while an unseen announcer exclaims "feel big, drink pig.
Papa's Delicate Condition, 1h38
Directed by George Marshall
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors Jackie Gleason, Glynis Johns, Charles Ruggles, Laurel Goodwin, Charles Lane, Don Beddoe
Roles Jack Griffith
Rating64% 3.242533.242533.242533.242533.24253
Jack Griffith, known as "Papa" to all, is a family man in a Texas town, but an irresponsible one. To impress his 6-year-old daughter Corinne, he spends the family's savings to buy his own circus, simply so the little girl can have her own pony.
Soldier in the Rain, 1h36
Directed by Ralph Nelson
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama
Themes Military humor in film
Actors Jackie Gleason, Steve McQueen, Tuesday Weld, Tony Bill, Tom Poston, Ed Nelson
Roles Maxwell Slaughter
Rating66% 3.34663.34663.34663.34663.3466
Sergeant Eustis Clay (McQueen) is a peacetime soldier who can't wait to finish his service and move on to bigger, better things. He is a personal favorite of Master Sergeant Maxwell Slaughter (Gleason), a military lifer who is considerably brighter than Eustis but enjoys his company and loyalty.