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James L. Brooks is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter, Producer and Thanks American born on 9 may 1940 at Brooklyn (USA)

James L. Brooks

James L. Brooks
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Birth name James Lawrence Brooks
Nationality USA
Birth 9 may 1940 (79 years) at Brooklyn (USA)
Awards Primetime Emmy Award, Academy Award for Best Director, Writers Guild of America Award

James Lawrence "Jim" Brooks (born May 9, 1940) is an American director, producer and screenwriter. Growing up in North Bergen, New Jersey, Brooks endured a fractured family life and passed the time by reading and writing. After dropping out of New York University, he got a job as an usher at CBS, going on to write for the CBS News broadcasts. He moved to Los Angeles in 1965 to work on David L. Wolper's documentaries. After being laid off he met producer Allan Burns who secured him a job as a writer on the series My Mother the Car.

Brooks wrote for several shows before being hired as a story editor on My Friend Tony and later created the series Room 222. Grant Tinker hired Brooks and Burns at MTM Productions to create The Mary Tyler Moore Show in 1970. The show, one of the first to feature an independent working woman as its lead character, was critically acclaimed and won Brooks several Primetime Emmy Awards. Brooks and Burns then created two successful spin-offs from Mary Tyler Moore in the shape of Rhoda (a comedy) and Lou Grant (a drama). Brooks left MTM Productions in 1978 to co-create the sitcom Taxi which, despite winning multiple Emmys, suffered from low ratings and was canceled twice.

Brooks moved into feature film work when he wrote and co-produced the 1979 film Starting Over. His next project was the critically acclaimed film Terms of Endearment, which he produced, directed and wrote, winning an Academy Award for all three positions. Basing his next film, Broadcast News, on his journalistic experiences the film earned him a further two Academy Award nominations. Although his 1994 work I'll Do Anything was hampered by negative press attention due to the cutting of all of its recorded musical numbers, As Good as It Gets (co-written with Mark Andrus) earned further praise. It was seven years until his next film, 2004's Spanglish. His sixth film, How Do You Know, was released in 2010. Brooks also produced and mentored Cameron Crowe on Say Anything... (1989) and Wes Anderson and Owen Wilson on Bottle Rocket (1996).

In 1984, Brooks founded the television and film company, Gracie Films. Although he did not intend to do so, Brooks returned to television in 1987 as the producer of The Tracey Ullman Show. He hired cartoonist Matt Groening to create a series of shorts for the show, which eventually led to The Simpsons in 1989. The Simpsons won numerous awards and is still running. Brooks also co-produced and co-wrote the 2007 film adaptation of the show, The Simpsons Movie. In total, Brooks has received 47 Emmy nominations, winning 20 of them.

Biography

Carrière

James L. Brooks commence à travailler pour la télévision dans les années 1970, notamment sur la série My Friend Tony. Il rejoint l'industrie du cinéma au début des années 1980 en produisant la comédie d'Alan J. Pakula Merci d'avoir été ma femme.

Son premier long métrage, Tendres Passions, drame sur la difficile relation entre une mère et sa fille atteinte d'un cancer, connaît un large succès et est récompensé par cinq Oscars en 1984 : Meilleur film, Meilleur réalisateur, Meilleure adaptation, Meilleure actrice pour Shirley MacLaine et Meilleur second rôle masculin pour Jack Nicholson.

Brooks permet ensuite à Nicholson de recevoir son troisième Oscar et son second trophée comme Meilleur acteur, 22 ans après Vol au-dessus d'un nid de coucou puis à Helen Hunt de gagner, pour la première fois, l'Oscar de la meilleure actrice en 1998 grâce à la comédie sentimentale Pour le pire et pour le meilleur.

Brooks produit également, depuis ses débuts, la série animée Les Simpson, créée par Matt Groening.


Style et esthétique
Brooks est une personnalité atypique par le fait qu'il travaille aussi bien à la télévision qu'au cinéma (comme réalisateur, producteur ou scénariste) et que sur trente ans, six longs métrages seulement portent sa signature.

Décrit par Télérama comme un « orfèvre lent, qui cisèle ses scripts, doit sans cesse chasser le doute », James L. Brooks se distingue par la minutie avec laquelle il travaille. La critique et cinéaste Axelle Ropert voit en lui un « cinéaste raffiné (…), ce qui ne fait pas de lui le cinéaste de chevet de l’intelligentsia, mais plutôt un parrain secret du divertissement américain (Apatow le vénère), un peu comme McCarey et Rohmer inspirent du respect à tous : on a le droit de ne pas adorer leurs films, mais leur art déploie une forme mystérieuse et incontestable d’intégrité ». Au cinéma, le style de James L. Brooks vise une forme délicate de romanesque et néglige souvent les effets ostentatoires de mise en scène. Comme l'écrit Isabelle Regnier, le « génie de ses films tient notamment à la manière, unique et, dont il parvient, à l'intérieur d'un cadre mainstream, à donner une intensité bouleversante à la moindre nuance émotionnelle de ses personnages, à capturer une vérité humaine profonde tout en exploitant sans retenue les ressorts de la comédie et de la fiction ».

Le rédacteur en chef de Chronic'art, Jérôme Momcilovic, va même plus loin : « James L. Brooks est un des plus grands cinéastes américains en activité, et chez nous presque personne ne le sait, presque personne ne veut le voir ». Il définit ensuite une des grandes forces du cinéma de Brooks : « Chez Brooks, la parole est thérapeutique, au sens où elle permet de corriger les situations, les caractères, de les tordre jusqu’à en extraire le jus d’une vérité, même provisoire. Pour trouver le bonheur, chercher la bonne parole : tous ses personnages font le même trajet, qui les mène du réconfort précaire d’une parole toute faite (...) vers une autre parole, plus ample et complexe, plus riche surtout d’être partagée. C’est pourquoi les dialogues sont aussi beaux chez Brooks : parce qu’il n’y a pas chez lui d’événement plus intense – parce que dans chaque dialogue, il y a une épiphanie ».

Best films

The Simpsons Movie (2007)
(Scriptwriter)
As Good as It Gets (1997)
(Director)
Jerry Maguire (1996)
(Producer)
The War of the Roses (1989)
(Producer)
Big (1988)
(Producer)
Terms of Endearment (1983)
(Director)

Usually with

Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(7 films)
Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
(6 films)
Richard Sakai
Richard Sakai
(9 films)
Polly Platt
Polly Platt
(5 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of James L. Brooks (22 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Dreams on Spec, 1h26
Origin USA
Genres Documentary
Themes Films about writers, Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the film industry, Documentary films about cities
Actors James L. Brooks, Nora Ephron, Carrie Fisher, Gary Ross, Steven E. de Souza, Scott Alexander
Roles Himself
Rating62% 3.142873.142873.142873.142873.14287
The film follows three aspiring screenwriters as they struggle to turn their scripts into movies. David is a hip talent agent's assistant with three scripts circulating around town. He's plugged into "young Hollywood" - and when he's not working or writing, he's usually hanging out at the beach. Joe is a middle-aged family man who has split time over the last three years between caring for his autistic daughter and writing what he believes could be the great American screenplay. And Deborah is trying to become one of the few African-American women to ever write and direct a feature film, though she's struggling just to pay her bills while she searches for money to produce her script. Between these stories, the film intercuts critical insight from such Hollywood screenwriters as James L. Brooks, Nora Ephron, Carrie Fisher, Gary Ross, Steven E. de Souza, Ed Solomon, Paul Guay, Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski.
Modern Romance, 1h33
Directed by Albert Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romance
Actors Albert Brooks, Kathryn Harrold, Bruno Kirby, George Kennedy, James L. Brooks, Jerry Belson
Roles David
Rating69% 3.4963553.4963553.4963553.4963553.496355
Robert Cole (Albert Brooks) is a Hollywood film editor right in the middle of cutting a new science fiction film with George Kennedy. His relationship with very patient bank executive Mary Harvard (Kathryn Harrold) is caught between undying devotion and endless agony. It's all because selfish Robert is a bit of a self-involved neurotic who can't quite decide if their relationship is meant to be, mainly because he's not sure if she's the one or there's someone else.
Real Life
Real Life (1979)
, 1h39
Directed by Albert Brooks
Genres Comedy, Documentary
Themes Films about families, Films about television
Actors Albert Brooks, Charles Grodin, Dick Haynes, Frances Lee McCain, J. A. Preston, Dick Haymes
Roles Driving Evaluator
Rating70% 3.5438753.5438753.5438753.5438753.543875
Ordinary family man Warren Yeager and his wife Jeannette are delighted to have a documentary filmmaker, Albert Brooks, choose them for a new cinematic and "scientific" experiment—he intends to capture every waking moment of their daily life on film. It is a project Brooks confidently announces to a large gathering, even greeting them with a song.

Director

How Do You Know, 1h56
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Actors Reese Witherspoon, Paul Rudd, Owen Wilson, Jack Nicholson, Lenny Venito, Kathryn Hahn
Rating53% 2.698562.698562.698562.698562.69856
Softball player Lisa Jorgenson (Reese Witherspoon) is devastated when she is left off the Team USA roster. Unsure what to do next, Lisa begins dating Matty Reynolds (Owen Wilson), a pitcher for the Washington Nationals. She also receives an intriguing phone call from a young executive, George Madison (Paul Rudd), who was advised by a friend of Lisa's to give her a call. George calls out of politeness because he wants to explain that his relationship with his girlfriend has just become more serious. But life takes an abrupt turn for the worse for George when he suddenly finds himself the target of a federal criminal investigation for corporate malfeasance at a company run by his father, Charles Madison (Jack Nicholson). George is fired from his job and abandoned by the company, with the exception of his father and his pregnant secretary, Annie (Kathryn Hahn).
Spanglish
Spanglish (2004)
, 2h12
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about language and translation
Actors Adam Sandler, Paz Vega, Téa Leoni, Cloris Leachman, Shelbie Bruce, Sarah Steele
Rating63% 3.197723.197723.197723.197723.19772
Cristina Moreno (Aimee Garcia) is applying to Princeton University. For her application essay, she tells the story of her childhood and narrates throughout the movie.
As Good as It Gets, 2h12
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about writers, Films about sexuality, LGBT-related films, Musical films, LGBT-related films, LGBT-related film
Actors Jack Nicholson, Helen Hunt, Greg Kinnear, Cuba Gooding Jr., Shirley Knight, Skeet Ulrich
Rating76% 3.848923.848923.848923.848923.84892
Melvin Udall is a misanthrope who works at home as a best-selling novelist in New York City. He suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder which, paired with his misanthropy, alienates nearly everyone with whom he interacts. He avoids stepping on sidewalk cracks while walking through the city due to a superstition of bad luck, and eats breakfast at the same table in the same restaurant every day using disposable plastic utensils he brings with him due to his pathological mysophobia. He takes an interest in his waitress, Carol Connelly, the only server at the restaurant who can tolerate his behavior.
I'll Do Anything, 1h44
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama
Themes Films about television
Actors Nick Nolte, Albert Brooks, Julie Kavner, Whittni Wright, Joely Richardson, Tracey Ullman
Rating56% 2.802692.802692.802692.802692.80269
In 1980, on the night he fails to win an Emmy Award, Matt Hobbs proposes to his longtime girlfriend Beth. He says the only thing holding him back is his dedication to his career, one which may not always work out, and Beth says that's one of the things she loves most about him. Little more than a year later, with a baby crying and no job for Matt, Beth is overflowing with resentment. By 1993, the pair have been divorced for several years and are living on opposite coasts. Matt auditions for a role in pompous, self-absorbed, and clueless film producer Burke Adler's new project but fails to get the part. He does however agree to chauffeur Adler occasionally. Matt flies to Georgia to pick up his daughter Jeannie for what he believes is a brief visit and discovers Beth is facing a prison term and Jeannie will be living with him for the duration of her sentence. The two return to Hollywood and struggle with their new circumstances and building a relationship (Matt hasn't seen the six-year-old since she was four). When Matt goes in to make a screen test for a lead in a film, he leaves Jeannie with a friend at the studio, and when he picks her up he's stunned to learn she's been cast in a sitcom. There are multiple sub-plots, including one focusing on Matt's relationship with staff script-reader Cathy Breslow and another concerning test screening analyst Nan Mulhanney and her tumultuous relationship with Adler. While a large part of the film is a satire of the film industry, it also skewers relationships from various angles.
Broadcast News, 2h13
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about writers, Films about journalists, Films about television
Actors William Hurt, Albert Brooks, Holly Hunter, Robert Prosky, Lois Chiles, Joan Cusack
Rating71% 3.5983253.5983253.5983253.5983253.598325
The film revolves around three characters who work in television news. Jane Craig (Hunter) is a talented, neurotic producer whose life revolves around her work. Jane's best friend and frequent collaborator, Aaron Altman (Brooks), is a gifted writer and reporter ambitious for on-camera exposure who is secretly in love with Jane. Tom Grunick (Hurt), a local news anchorman who until recently was a sports anchorman, is likeable and telegenic, but lacks news experience and knows that he was only hired for his good looks and charm. He is attracted to Jane, although he is also intimidated by her skills and intensity.
Terms of Endearment, 2h12
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romance
Themes Films about families, Medical-themed films, Films about sexuality, Films about cancer
Actors Shirley MacLaine, Debra Winger, Jack Nicholson, Danny DeVito, Jeff Daniels, John Lithgow
Rating73% 3.6988153.6988153.6988153.6988153.698815
Aurora Greenway (Shirley MacLaine) and her daughter Emma (Debra Winger) are both searching for deep romantic love. Beginning with Emma's early childhood, Aurora reveals how difficult and caring she can be by nearly climbing into Emma's crib in order to make sure her daughter is breathing—only to be reassured when Emma starts crying (after being woken up). After the death of Aurora's husband and Emma's father Rudyard (A. Brooks), Aurora and Emma develop an extremely close love-hate mother/daughter relationship as Emma grows up.

Scriptwriter

Maggie Simpson in The Longest Daycare, 4minutes
Directed by David Silverman
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Animation
Roles Writer
Rating72% 3.6394153.6394153.6394153.6394153.639415
Marge Simpson drops off Maggie at the Ayn Rand School for Tots, where, after going through a security screening, she is classified as being of "average intelligence", upon which a guard carries her past the "Room for Gifted Babies" and puts her in the "Nothing Special" dreary corner. The playtime items are either taken away or eaten by the other babies. A butterfly then makes its way into the room as Maggie's nemesis, Baby Gerald, squashes it on the wall with a mallet and draws a box around it with a crayon. A second butterfly also meets the same fate. Maggie finds a caterpillar and a pop-up book about the life cycle of the butterfly. Realizing that the caterpillar could also meet the fate of the first two butterflies, she tries to protect it from Gerald. The caterpillar later encases itself in a chrysalis and starts to transform. Once the newly formed butterfly emerges, Maggie tries to help it fly out of the window, but Gerald kills it by shutting the blinds on it as it attempts to pass through. Maggie acts as if it was the worst thing she has ever seen and mourns as she falls to the floor. Marge then arrives to pick her up, when it is revealed Maggie's scene was only a ruse to cover the truth: she had slipped her hair bow onto the windowsill and wore the butterfly on her forehead in its place. She then sets the butterfly free as Marge drives her home.
How Do You Know, 1h56
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Actors Reese Witherspoon, Paul Rudd, Owen Wilson, Jack Nicholson, Lenny Venito, Kathryn Hahn
Roles Writer
Rating53% 2.698562.698562.698562.698562.69856
Softball player Lisa Jorgenson (Reese Witherspoon) is devastated when she is left off the Team USA roster. Unsure what to do next, Lisa begins dating Matty Reynolds (Owen Wilson), a pitcher for the Washington Nationals. She also receives an intriguing phone call from a young executive, George Madison (Paul Rudd), who was advised by a friend of Lisa's to give her a call. George calls out of politeness because he wants to explain that his relationship with his girlfriend has just become more serious. But life takes an abrupt turn for the worse for George when he suddenly finds himself the target of a federal criminal investigation for corporate malfeasance at a company run by his father, Charles Madison (Jack Nicholson). George is fired from his job and abandoned by the company, with the exception of his father and his pregnant secretary, Annie (Kathryn Hahn).
The Simpsons Movie, 1h27
Directed by David Silverman
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Animation
Themes Environmental films, Films about families, Politique, White House in fiction
Actors Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith, Hank Azaria, Harry Shearer
Rating72% 3.6468853.6468853.6468853.6468853.646885
The film follows the plot of the TV series The Simpsons, focusing on the Simpson family of Homer Simpson (Dan Castellaneta), his wife Marge (Julie Kavner), and children Bart (Nancy Cartwright), Lisa (Yeardley Smith), and Maggie, and the town of Springfield.
Spanglish
Spanglish (2004)
, 2h12
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about language and translation
Actors Adam Sandler, Paz Vega, Téa Leoni, Cloris Leachman, Shelbie Bruce, Sarah Steele
Roles Writer
Rating63% 3.197723.197723.197723.197723.19772
Cristina Moreno (Aimee Garcia) is applying to Princeton University. For her application essay, she tells the story of her childhood and narrates throughout the movie.
As Good as It Gets, 2h12
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about writers, Films about sexuality, LGBT-related films, Musical films, LGBT-related films, LGBT-related film
Actors Jack Nicholson, Helen Hunt, Greg Kinnear, Cuba Gooding Jr., Shirley Knight, Skeet Ulrich
Rating76% 3.848923.848923.848923.848923.84892
Melvin Udall is a misanthrope who works at home as a best-selling novelist in New York City. He suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder which, paired with his misanthropy, alienates nearly everyone with whom he interacts. He avoids stepping on sidewalk cracks while walking through the city due to a superstition of bad luck, and eats breakfast at the same table in the same restaurant every day using disposable plastic utensils he brings with him due to his pathological mysophobia. He takes an interest in his waitress, Carol Connelly, the only server at the restaurant who can tolerate his behavior.
I'll Do Anything, 1h44
Directed by James L. Brooks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama
Themes Films about television
Actors Nick Nolte, Albert Brooks, Julie Kavner, Whittni Wright, Joely Richardson, Tracey Ullman
Roles Writer
Rating56% 2.802692.802692.802692.802692.80269
In 1980, on the night he fails to win an Emmy Award, Matt Hobbs proposes to his longtime girlfriend Beth. He says the only thing holding him back is his dedication to his career, one which may not always work out, and Beth says that's one of the things she loves most about him. Little more than a year later, with a baby crying and no job for Matt, Beth is overflowing with resentment. By 1993, the pair have been divorced for several years and are living on opposite coasts. Matt auditions for a role in pompous, self-absorbed, and clueless film producer Burke Adler's new project but fails to get the part. He does however agree to chauffeur Adler occasionally. Matt flies to Georgia to pick up his daughter Jeannie for what he believes is a brief visit and discovers Beth is facing a prison term and Jeannie will be living with him for the duration of her sentence. The two return to Hollywood and struggle with their new circumstances and building a relationship (Matt hasn't seen the six-year-old since she was four). When Matt goes in to make a screen test for a lead in a film, he leaves Jeannie with a friend at the studio, and when he picks her up he's stunned to learn she's been cast in a sitcom. There are multiple sub-plots, including one focusing on Matt's relationship with staff script-reader Cathy Breslow and another concerning test screening analyst Nan Mulhanney and her tumultuous relationship with Adler. While a large part of the film is a satire of the film industry, it also skewers relationships from various angles.