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John Belushi is a Actor and Scriptwriter American born on 24 january 1949 at Chicago (USA)

John Belushi

John Belushi
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Birth name John Adam Belushi
Nationality USA
Birth 24 january 1949 at Chicago (USA)
Death 5 march 1982 (at 33 years) at Hollywood (USA)
Awards Primetime Emmy Award

John Adam Belushi (/bəˈluːʃi/; January 24, 1949 – March 5, 1982) was an Albanian-American comedian, actor, and musician. He is best known for his "intense energy and raucous attitude" which he displayed as one of the original cast members of the NBC sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live, in his role in the 1978 film Animal House and in his recordings and performances as one of The Blues Brothers.

During his career he had a close personal and artistic partnership with fellow SNL actor and writer Dan Aykroyd whom he met while they were both working at Chicago's Second City comedy club.

Belushi died on the morning of March 5, 1982 at the age of 33 in Hollywood, California, specifically at the Chateau Marmont, after being injected with a mixture of cocaine and heroin, known as a "speedball", which led to combined drug intoxication. He was posthumously honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, on April 1, 2004.

Biography

Son enfance
John Belushi est l'un des fils d'une famille de quatre enfants dont James, son frère, deviendra également comédien. Son père Adam, immigrant venu d'Albanie en 1934 à l'âge de 15 ans, se fera alors restaurateur. Le jeune adolescent se rendra vite très populaire auprès de ses camarades du fait de sa triple activité : d'abord en tant que joueur de l'équipe de football de son école secondaire, ensuite comme batteur dans un groupe de rock 'n' roll et, enfin, en tant qu'acteur aux dons comiques déjà fort prometteurs. En 1967, John se produira dans une tournée estivale de spectacles puis ira s'inscrire à l'Université du Wisconsin afin d'y obtenir un diplôme en Art Dramatique auquel il devra ensuite renoncer à cause de quelques ennuis financiers familiaux. Il ira alors suivre les cours du collège de DuPage où, avec deux autres étudiants, il formera un trio comique, The West Compass Players qui, au terme de leurs études en 1970, se rendront vivre et travailler à Chicago.


Les débuts
John Belushi est d'abord remarqué par un membre de la célèbre troupe d'improvisateurs de Chicago, The Second City, où son futur acolyte Dan Aykroyd, ainsi que Chevy Chase et Bill Murray font leurs premières classes. Il s'y produit pendant un an et demi jusqu'à ce que son imitation désopilante de Joe Cocker lui vaille d'être ensuite engagé dans la troupe de la revue Off-Broadway Lemmings du magazine National Lampoon. Acclamé par la critique, il participe quelque temps en tant qu'acteur, scénariste et réalisateur à l'émission radiophonique Radio Hour également produite par le magazine National Lampoon.


La consécration
En 1975, sa carrière prend un tournant décisif lorsqu'il rejoint l'équipe d'une nouvelle émission de télévision Saturday Night Live qui deviendra l'une des émissions humoristiques les plus populaires de la télévision. Cumulant les doubles fonctions d'acteur et de scénariste jusqu'en 1979, il y recevra un Emmy Award en 1977.

En 1978, il débute au cinéma avec le film En route vers le Sud réalisé par Jack Nicholson, où il joue le rôle d'un shérif-adjoint mexicain. Mais ce sera le rôle de Bluto qu'il tiendra dans le film comique loufoque de John Landis, Animal House et dans lequel il interprète une sorte de colosse imbécile, brutal et vulgaire que sa carrière cinématographique sera enfin lancée. En effet, le film obtient un important succès, engrangeant 141 millions de dollars de recettes pour un budget de production plutôt modeste, estimé à 3 millions de dollars.

Après une participation dans le film Old Boyfriends , suivi du doublage pour la version américaine de Tarzoon, la honte de la jungle, il tourne dans 1941 réalisé par Steven Spielberg où il joue le rôle d'un pilote de chasse complètement dément proche du personnage de Bluto. Même si le film, sorti en 1979, fut un échec commercial, sa prestation marqua les esprits et permit tout de même au film d'acquérir une certaine notoriété.

Il reprend pour le film Les Blues Brothers de Landis le personnage de « Joliet » Jake Blues qu'il avait créé dans le cadre de l'émission Saturday Night Live. Ce film, où il forme un duo tonitruant avec Dan Aykroyd, connaît un immense succès commercial au second semestre 1980. Ce film ayant marqué toute une génération par entre autres la qualité des chorégraphies musicales et la présence de monstres sacrés de : soul-funk, rhythm and blues et jazz tels que : Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, Cob Calloway, John Lee Hooker, James Brown, Alan Rubin.

Cependant, Belushi n'entend pas rester confiné aux personnages burlesques de ses débuts et en tant que grand admirateur de Marlon Brando, il souhaite changer de registre : jouer des personnages plus riches, plus complexes, notamment celui d'un journaliste sympathique dans la comédie romantique Continental Divide, ou celui d'un bourgeois strict et passablement « coincé » dans la comédie satirique Les Voisins où il retrouve Aykroyd pour une troisième et ultime fois, puisqu'il s'agira de son dernier film.


Décès
Le 5 mars 1982, John est retrouvé mort d'une intoxication massive après une nuit de consommation de drogue. Grand consommateur de cocaïne durant les années 1970, Belushi s'était mis à l'héroïne puis à l'alcool, fin 1981, dans son bungalow du Château Marmont de Sunset Boulevard à Los Angeles. La mort aurait été accidentellement provoquée par une surdose de speedball par injection. Ce cocktail fatal fut préparé puis injecté par sa petite amie, la chanteuse Cathy Evelyn Smith qui s'enfuira d'abord au Canada puis finira par se rendre à la justice américaine. Accusée d'homicide involontaire, elle plaidera coupable devant un tribunal de Los Angeles, qui la condamnera à une peine de trois ans d'emprisonnement. Elle n'en purgera finalement que la moitié.

Un film sur sa vie, Wired, sera réalisé en 1989 par Larry Peerce d'après la biographie posthume écrite par le journaliste Bob Woodward.

Best films

The Blues Brothers (1980)
(Actor)
Shame of the Jungle (1975)
(Actor)

Usually with

John Landis
John Landis
(4 films)
Dan Aykroyd
Dan Aykroyd
(5 films)
Gary Weis
Gary Weis
(2 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of John Belushi (11 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Continental Divide, 1h43
Directed by Michael Apted
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about writers, Films about journalists
Actors John Belushi, Blair Brown, Allen Garfield, Carlin Glynn, Tony Ganios, Val Avery
Roles Ernie Souchak
Rating62% 3.1000853.1000853.1000853.1000853.100085
A Chicago newspaper reporter, Ernie Souchak (Belushi), is investigating a corrupt city councilman. After doing an expose on some corrupt land dealings by the councilman, he is assaulted by two crooked police officers sent by the councilman and ends up in the hospital.
Neighbors
Neighbors (1981)
, 1h34
Directed by John G. Avildsen
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Actors John Belushi, Kathryn Walker, Dan Aykroyd, Cathy Moriarty, Tim Kazurinsky, Tino Insana
Roles Earl Keese
Rating56% 2.801592.801592.801592.801592.80159
Earl Keese is a low-key, ineffectual, middle-class suburbanite with a wife, Enid, and a teenage daughter, Elaine. Earl's peaceful, dreary life changes when a younger couple, Vic and Ramona, move next door. The new neighbors impose themselves on the Keese household, leaving Earl infuriated with the loud, gung-ho Vic, and flustered by the sly and seductive Ramona. Earl is frustrated by his inability to handle them, and the way that he can never come up with absolute proof that the couple are doing anything wrong on purpose. Enid and Elaine are no help, and over the course of one night, the antagonism between Earl and his new neighbors escalates into suburban warfare. Earl begins to question his sanity, and the sanity of his wife and daughter. He realizes that his new neighbors have provided him with the most excitement he's had in years, and that they can give him a promising future out of suburbia and away from his family. In the film's closing scene, Earl joins Vic and Ramona, leaving his family behind and his house on fire.
The Blues Brothers, 2h7
Directed by John Landis
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Action, Adventure, Musical, Crime
Themes Films about families, Films about music and musicians, Transport films, Films about automobiles, Le blues, Musical films, Road movies, Buddy films, Chase films
Actors John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd, James Brown, Donald "Duck" Dunn, Steve Lawrence, Murphy Dunne
Roles 'Joliet' Jake Blues (as Jake)
Rating78% 3.9487053.9487053.9487053.9487053.948705
"Joliet" Jake Blues (John Belushi) is released from prison after serving three years for armed robbery. Jake is irritated at being picked up by his brother Elwood (Dan Aykroyd) in the Bluesmobile, a battered former Mount Prospect police car, instead of the Cadillac the brothers used to own. The brothers visit their childhood home, a Roman Catholic orphanage, and learn that it will be closed unless $5,000 in property taxes is collected. The brothers visit an evangelical church service where Jake has an epiphany: they can legitimately raise the funds by re-forming their rhythm and blues band. Elwood calls the quest "a mission from God.
1941
1941 (1979)
, 1h58
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Origin USA
Genres War, Comedy, Action
Themes Military humor in film, Seafaring films, Christmas films, Transport films, Political films, United States Armed Forces in films
Actors Dan Aykroyd, Ned Beatty, John Belushi, Lorraine Gary, Murray Hamilton, Christopher Lee
Roles Capt. Wild Bill Kelso
Rating58% 2.9001452.9001452.9001452.9001452.900145
On Saturday, December 13, 1941 at 7:01 a.m., a woman goes swimming somewhere on the California coast, only to find a Japanese submarine surfacing beneath her. The submarine crew believes they have arrived in Hollywood, and the vessel submerges while the woman swims to safety.
Old Boyfriends, 1h43
Directed by Joan Tewkesbury
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Actors Talia Shire, Richard Jordan, Keith Carradine, John Belushi, John Houseman, P. J. Soles
Roles Eric Katz
Rating51% 2.587782.587782.587782.587782.58778
This script must be run from the command line
Animal House, 1h49
Directed by Ivan Reitman, John Landis
Origin USA
Genres Comedy
Themes L'adolescence, Films about children, Films about sexuality, Erotic films, Teen movie
Actors John Belushi, Tim Matheson, John Vernon, Verna Bloom, Tom Hulce, Peter Riegert
Roles John "Bluto" Blutarski
Rating74% 3.748453.748453.748453.748453.74845
In 1962, college freshmen Lawrence "Larry" Kroger and Kent Dorfman seek to join a fraternity at Faber College. Finding themselves out of place at the prestigious Omega Theta Pi House's party, and rejected by other houses, they finally visit the slovenly and riotous Delta Tau Chi House, where Kent's brother was once a member, making Kent a "legacy", unable to be declined. Larry and Kent are invited to pledge and given the fraternity names "Pinto" and "Flounder," respectively, by John "Bluto" Blutarsky.
Goin' South, 1h45
Directed by Jack Nicholson
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Action, Western
Actors Jack Nicholson, Mary Steenburgen, Christopher Lloyd, John Belushi, Richard Bradford, Veronica Cartwright
Roles Deputy Hector
Rating62% 3.147923.147923.147923.147923.14792
Henry Lloyd Moon (Nicholson), a third-rate outlaw in the late 1860s, is a bank robber, horse thief and cattle thief who is sentenced to be hanged in Longhorn, Texas, to the glee of the local populace and especially of the deputy sheriff (Lloyd). Moon comes under especially close scrutiny from some women in town, due to a local ordinance originating during the Civil War, that allowed a condemned man (short of being a murderer) to be saved from the gallows if an unmarried lady would marry him and take responsibility for his good behavior.
The Rutles: All You Need Is Cash, 1h16
Directed by Eric Idle, Gary Weis
Genres Comedy, Musical theatre, Musical
Themes Films about music and musicians, Musical films
Actors Eric Idle, Michael Palin, George Harrison, John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd, Gilda Radner
Roles Ron Decline
Rating73% 3.696633.696633.696633.696633.69663
L'histoire d'un groupe fictif de Liverpool, "The Rutles", ressemblant étrangement aux Beatles...
Shame of the Jungle, 1h25
Directed by Picha, Boris Szulzinger
Origin Belgique
Genres Comedy, Adventure, Animation
Themes Films about sexuality, Erotic films
Actors Georges Aminel, John Belushi, Arlette Thomas, Bill Murray, Paule Emanuele, Claude Bertrand
Roles Craig Baker (voice: English version)
Rating52% 2.6081752.6081752.6081752.6081752.608175
The film takes place in the deepest part of Africa - "Bush Country". The evil, bald, and multi-breasted Queen Bazonga, who resides in a blimp, inside a cave shaped like a women's legs spread open revealing her vagina, plans to conquer the earth. Before she can do that, however, she wishes to have a full set of hair so people can take her seriously. Her two-headed assistant, The Charles Of The Pits, suggest a "scalp transplant", an experiment where someone else's hair is transplanted to another person's head. Bazonga demands that she wants the hair of June, the maid of Shame, ruler of the jungle. Bazonga sends out her penis soldiers to kidnap June. Meanwhile, that night, June kicks out Shame from their home after another night of unsuccessful sex. She ends up sleeping with Flicka, Shame's monkey pal. The next morning, Bazonga's soldiers barge in and kidnap June, but only after they have an orgy with her. Shame hears June's screams and comes to her rescue, but he is too late. Shame eventually decides to save his mate and immediately sets out on his quest with Flicka.

Scriptwriter