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Raoul Ruiz is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter, Production Director, Director of Photography, Editor, Production Design and Script Chilien born on 25 july 1941 at Puerto Montt (Chili)

Raoul Ruiz

Raoul Ruiz
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Birth name Raúl Ernesto Ruiz Pino
Nationality Chili
Birth 25 july 1941 at Puerto Montt (Chili)
Death 19 august 2011 (at 70 years) at Paris (France)
Awards Guggenheim Fellowship

Raúl Ernesto Ruiz Pino (25 July 1941 – 19 August 2011) was an experimental Chilean filmmaker, writer and teacher whose work is best known in France. He directed over 100 films.

Biography

The son of a ship's captain and a schoolteacher in southern Chile, Raúl Ruiz abandoned his university studies in theology and law to write 100 plays with the support of a Rockefeller Foundation grant. He went on to learn his craft working in Chilean and Mexican television and studying at film school in Argentina (1964). Back in Chile, he made his feature debut Three Sad Tigers (1968), sharing the Golden Leopard at the 1969 Locarno Film Festival. According to Ruiz in a 1991 interview, Three Sad Tigers “is a film without a story, it is the reverse of a story. Somebody kills somebody. All the elements of a story are there but they are used like a landscape, and the landscape is used like story.” He was something of an outsider among the politically oriented Chilean filmmakers of his generation such as Miguel Littín and Patricio Guzmán, his work being far more ironic, surrealistic and experimental. In 1973, shortly after the military coup d'état led by the dictator Augusto Pinochet, Ruiz and his wife (fellow director Valeria Sarmiento) fled Chile and settled in Paris, France.

Ruiz soon developed a reputation among European critics and cinephiles as an avant-garde film magician, writing and directing a remarkable number of amusingly eccentric though highly literary and complex low-to-no-budget films in the 1970s and 1980s (often for France's Institut national de l'audiovisuel and then for Portuguese producer Paulo Branco). The best known of these are: Colloque de chiens (1977), a short which marked the start of Ruiz's long-term working relationship with Chilean composer Jorge Arriagada; The Suspended Vocation (1978); The Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting (1979); On Top of the Whale (1982); Three Crowns of the Sailor (1983); City of Pirates (1983); Manoel's Destinies (1985); Treasure Island (1985) and Life is a Dream (1986). A special issue of Cahiers du cinéma was devoted to Ruiz in March 1983.

In the 1990s, Ruiz began working with larger budgets and "name" stars like John Hurt in Dark at Noon (1992) and Marcello Mastroianni in Three Lives and Only One Death (1996). The following year, he made Genealogies of a Crime starring Catherine Deneuve, winning the Silver Bear at the 47th Berlin International Film Festival. A second major French actress, Isabelle Huppert, worked with Ruiz on Comedy of Innocence (2000), which was nominated for the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival. The American John Malkovich acted in the star-studded Marcel Proust adaptation Time Regained (1999) and the somewhat less successful Savage Souls (2001) and Klimt (2006). That Day (2003) was the fourth and last Ruiz film to be shown in the main competition of the Cannes Film festival. He also made forays into the English-language mainstream with the thrillers Shattered Image (1998) and A Closed Book (2010). In the final decade of his life, Ruiz wrote and directed several low-budget productions in his native Chile, but his final international success was the Franco-Portuguese epic Mysteries of Lisbon (2010).

Ruiz claimed that he was “always trying to make this connection between different ways of producing: film, theater, installations, and videos” - he hoped his “films would have to be seen many times, like objects in the house, like a painting. They have to have a minimum of complexity.” Over the years, he taught his own particular brand of film theory, which he explained in his two books Poetics of Cinema 1: Miscellanies (1995) and Poetics of Cinema 2 (2007), and actively engaged in film and video projects with university and film school students in many countries, including the US, France, Colombia, Chile, Italy and Scotland.

Ruiz died in August 2011 as a result of complications from a lung infection, having successfully undergone a liver transplant in early 2010 after being diagnosed with a life-threatening tumour. The Presidents of France and Chile both praised him. The Church of Saint George-Paul in Paris held a memorial service which was attended by many notable friends, including Catherine Deneuve, Chiara Mastroianni, Melvil Poupaud, Paulo Branco, Arielle Dombasle, Michel Piccoli and Jorge Edwards. Ruiz's body was then returned to Chile to be buried as specified in his will and a National Day of Mourning was declared in Chile.

Ruiz's final completed feature Night Across the Street (2012) was selected to be screened posthumously in the Directors' Fortnight section of the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. His widow Valeria Sarmiento, who was also his collaborator and frequent editor for several decades, completed Lines of Wellington (2012), the Napoleonic epic that Ruiz was preparing when he died and the film was in competition for the Golden Lion at the 69th Venice International Film Festival and as a Zabaltegi Special at the 2012 San Sebastián International Film Festival. Both films were also shown at the 2012 Toronto International Film Festival and the 2012 New York Film Festival.

Usually with

Jorge Arriagada
Jorge Arriagada
(37 films)
Paulo Branco
Paulo Branco
(17 films)
Melvil Poupaud
Melvil Poupaud
(10 films)
Joaquim Pinto
Joaquim Pinto
(7 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Raoul Ruiz (61 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

What Now? Remind Me, 2h44
Directed by Joaquim Pinto
Origin Portugal
Genres Drama, Documentary, Historical
Themes Medical-themed films, Films about sexuality, LGBT-related films, Documentary films about health care, LGBT-related films, HIV/AIDS in film, LGBT-related film
Actors Joaquim Pinto, Serge Daney, Raoul Ruiz
Roles (archive footage)
Rating72% 3.624743.624743.624743.624743.62474
Joaquim, atteint du VIH et de l'hépatite C, participe à des essais cliniques.
Palombella Rossa, 1h29
Directed by Nanni Moretti
Origin Italie
Genres Drama, Comedy
Themes Sports films
Actors Nanni Moretti, Silvio Orlando, Mariella Valentini, Asia Argento, Marco Messeri, Remo Remotti
Roles Alter ego of the Catholic nagger
Rating70% 3.548853.548853.548853.548853.54885
Michele is an official of the Italian Communist Party, which suddenly is struck by amnesia. The young man tries to regain the memory going to play water polo, his favorite sport. In the memories that resurface, Michele begins to have a clear idea of Italy of his time.
Three Crowns of the Sailor, 1h57
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Origin France
Genres Drama, Fantasy
Actors Jean-Bernard Guillard, Jean Badin, Mostéfa Djadjam, Diogo Dória, Huguette Faget, Théo Légitimus
Roles Small Role (uncredited)
Rating69% 3.496893.496893.496893.496893.49689
The film opens with a murder of a professor committed by his student in Warsaw. The black and white scene is alternately narrated by the protagonist of the film known simply as the "Sailor" and the student. The student walks through war torn Warsaw when he meets the Sailor, who offers him an escape from the country through a boat job. They enter a bar to negotiate the deal; the student agrees to listen to his story and give him 3 crowns.
The Sorceror's Apprentice, 1h31
Origin German
Genres Drama, Thriller, Comedy-drama
Actors Zouzou, Peter Chatel, Marie-France Pisier, Christian Marquand, Dennis Hopper, Niels Arestrup
Roles Chilean refugee
Rating60% 3.0078753.0078753.0078753.0078753.007875
Un espion, en provenance d’Amérique du Sud, débarque à Paris et dépose en sûreté une mallette contenant des documents secrets. Quelque temps plus tard, un certain Antonio remet cette mallette à Clara, une jeune femme qui a exercé autrefois comme professeur au Chili et entretien des relations avec beaucoup de réfugiés politiques latinos. À partir de ce moment, Clara va être traquée et mêlée à d’étranges évènements…
Dog's Dialogue, 22minutes
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Origin France
Genres Drama, Crime
Actors Michel Such, Hugo Santiago, Raoul Ruiz
Rating72% 3.6253453.6253453.6253453.6253453.625345
Monique apprend que sa mère n'est pas sa vraie mère. À partir de maintenant plus rien ne sera pareil.

Director

Lines of Wellington, 2h31
Directed by Raoul Ruiz, Valeria Sarmiento
Origin France
Genres Drama, War, Historical
Themes Political films, Histoire de France, Napoleonic Wars films, French Revolution films
Actors Soraia Chaves, Vincent Pérez, Marisa Paredes, Carloto Cotta, John Malkovich, Nuno Lopes
Rating60% 3.0471353.0471353.0471353.0471353.047135
An epic set in the time starting with the Battle of Bussaco till the retreat of French Marshal Masséna from the Lines of Torres Vedras constructed by the order of the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsular War (1810).
A Closed Book, 1h28
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Science fiction, Thriller, Action
Actors Daryl Hannah, Tom Conti, Miriam Margolyes, Simon MacCorkindale, Elaine Paige
Rating54% 2.7068452.7068452.7068452.7068452.706845
The film starts with a famous author, Sir Paul (Tom Conti) who is looking for an amanuensis or "ghost writer." He interviews several unsuccessful candidates until Jane Ryder (Daryl Hannah) applies for the position. Because she is intelligent and forthright, Sir Paul hires her, and he explains to her about the house and introduces Mrs. Kilbride (Miriam Margoyles), the cook and housekeeper.
Mysteries of Lisbon, 4h36
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Origin Portugal
Genres Drama, Romance
Actors Clotilde Hesme, Ricardo Pereira, Julien Alluguette, Martin Loizillon, Sofia Aparício, Carloto Cotta
Rating73% 3.694843.694843.694843.694843.69484
The film initially focuses on João (João Arrais), an orphan boy at a school run by the priest Father Dinis (Adriano Luz) during Portugal's Revolução Liberal. João becomes ill after being bullied by another boy who tells him he is a criminal’s child and awakens in a delirium to find a lovely woman watching over his bed. After recovering, Dinis takes João to see the woman who is indeed João’s mother, Countess Ângela de Lima (Maria João Bastos). For João's entire life, she had been imprisoned in her own home by her husband, the Count of Santa Bárbara (Albano Jerónimo). Dinis helps Ângela flee from her husband’s house when he’s away fighting the revolutionaries.
Nucingen House, 1h27
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Origin Chili
Genres Horror
Themes Films about magic and magicians, Ghost films, Vampires in film
Actors Jean-Marc Barr, Elsa Zylberstein, Laurent Malet, Audrey Marnay, Thomas Durand, Lolita Chammah
Rating60% 3.006113.006113.006113.006113.00611
William, un jeune aristocrate expatrié au Chili au début du XX siècle, dans les années 1920, joue au poker. Un soir, il gagne une maison près de Santiago. Il décide de s'y installer avec sa femme qui a besoin de repos. Mais le comité d'accueil est plutôt spécial, composé de personnages envahissants et de Léonore, un fantôme.
Litoral
Litoral (2008)
, 4h
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Rating69% 3.4564153.4564153.4564153.4564153.456415
La Recta Provincia
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Genres Drama
Actors Francisco Reyes Morandé
Rating74% 3.707163.707163.707163.707163.70716
La Recta Provincia évoque une province de Chiloé, la plus grande île d'Amérique du sud, où Raoul Ruiz enfant passait ses vacances en famille. Dans cette région où se concentre la moitié des histoires du Chili, entre folklore et mythe, existe aussi une organisation secrète conduite par des sorciers. Cette sorte de secte se nomme également Recta Provincia.
To Each His Own Cinema, 1h40
Directed by Claude Lelouch, Abbas Kiarostami, Amos Gitaï, Elia Suleiman, Nanni Moretti, Takeshi Kitano, Andreï Kontchalovski, Youssef Chahine, Roman Polanski, Wim Wenders, Chen Kaige, Raoul Ruiz, Olivier Assayas, Theo Angelopoulos, Michael Cimino, Wong Kar-wai, Manoel de Oliveira, Jane Campion, Alejandro González Iñárritu, David Lynch, Gus Van Sant, Atom Egoyan, Lars von Trier, Ken Loach, Walter Salles, David Cronenberg, Zhang Yimou, Bille August, Aki Kaurismäki, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Raymond Depardon
Origin France
Genres Drama, Comedy
Actors Isabelle Adjani, Anouk Aimée, Antoine Chappey, David Cronenberg, Yosra El Lozy, Taraneh Allidousti
Rating67% 3.397853.397853.397853.397853.39785
35 réalisateurs d'origines très variées (25 pays différents) ont tous mis en scène un court métrage de 3 minutes, sur le thème de la salle de cinéma. Le film en regroupe 33 puisque les frères Coen et les frères Dardenne travaillent ensemble. Celui de David Lynch ne faisait pas partie du film mais a été présenté en ouverture du festival.
Klimt
Klimt (2006)
, 2h7
Directed by Raoul Ruiz
Origin France
Genres Drama, Biography, Romance
Themes Medical-themed films, Peinture, Films about psychiatry
Actors John Malkovich, Veronica Ferres, Stephen Dillane, Saffron Burrows, Sandra Ceccarelli, Nikolai Kinski
Rating51% 2.552182.552182.552182.552182.55218
Gustav Klimt's life story unfolds in a series of disjointed sequences in the artist's mind as he lies dying of pneumonia in a Viennese hospital where he is visited by his friend, Egon Schiele (Nikolai Kinski). Themes within the film include Klimt's platonic friendship with Emilie Floege (Veronica Ferres). Much of the film is centred on Klimt's relationship with Lea de Castro (Saffron Burrows), a dancer to whom he is introduced by the film pioneer Georges Méliès.