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William Wyler is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter, Producer, Assistant Director, Director of Photography and Cinematography American born on 1 july 1902 at Mulhouse (France)

William Wyler

William Wyler
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Birth name Willi Wyler
Nationality USA
Birth 1 july 1902 at Mulhouse (France)
Death 27 july 1981 (at 79 years) at Los Angeles (USA)
Awards Academy Award for Best Director

William Wyler (July 1, 1902 – July 27, 1981) was a German-born American film director, producer and screenwriter. Notable works included Ben-Hur (1959), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and Mrs. Miniver (1942), all of which won Wyler Academy Awards for Best Director, as well as Best Picture in their respective years, making him the only director of three Best Picture winners. Wyler received his first Oscar nomination for directing Dodsworth in 1936, starring Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton and Mary Astor, "sparking a 20-year run of almost unbroken greatness."

Film historian Ian Freer calls Wyler a "bona fide perfectionist", whose penchant for retakes and an attempt to hone every last nuance, "became the stuff of legend." His ability to direct a string of classic literary adaptations into huge box-office and critical successes made him one of "Hollywood's most bankable moviemakers" during the 1930s and 1940s and into the 60's. Other popular Wyler films include Hell's Heroes (1930), Dodsworth (1936), Jezebel (1938), Wuthering Heights (1939), The Westerner (1940), The Letter (1940), The Heiress (1949), Roman Holiday (1953), Friendly Persuasion (1956), The Big Country (1958), The Children's Hour (1961), How to Steal a Million (1966), and Funny Girl (1968).

Biography

William Wyler est né au sein d'une famille juive à Mulhouse, en Alsace (qui faisait alors partie de l'Empire allemand). Son père, Léopold Weiller, est suisse et sa mère, Mélanie Auerbach, allemande . Il fait des études à Lausanne avant d'étudier le violon au Conservatoire de Paris. À partir de 1922, il part travailler aux États-Unis pour les studios Universal dont le fondateur est un cousin de sa mère : Carl Laemmle. Il est d'abord affecté aux services de la publicité, puis devient assistant de production. En 1925, il se lance finalement dans la réalisation et devient le plus jeune réalisateur employé par la firme. En 1928, Wyler est naturalisé américain. Dès les années 1930, il s'impose comme un cinéaste incontournable à Hollywood et collabore notamment avec la Warner Bros pour laquelle il assure la mise en scène d'un de ses plus grands chefs d'œuvre : L'Insoumise avec Bette Davis. Plus tard, en 1936 il signe un juteux contrat avec la Metro Goldwyn Mayer qui lui permet de réaliser de nombreux films à succès tels que La Vipère et plus tard Ben-Hur.

Entre 1942 et 1945, Wyler s'engage dans les forces aériennes de l'armée des États-Unis avec le grade de major. Il réalise deux documentaires de propagande américaine sur la guerre en cours : Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress (tourné en Angleterre et dans le ciel allemand en mai 1943 et sorti en salles en 1944) et Thunderbolt! (tourné en Corse et en Italie pendant les premiers mois de 1944 et sorti en salles en 1947). Pendant la guerre, Wyler trouve par ailleurs le temps de signer des œuvres de fiction évoquant le destin tragique d'individus happés par le conflit (Madame Miniver, Les Plus Belles Années de notre vie).

Pour faire face à la Commission parlementaire sur les activités antiaméricaines du sénateur Joseph McCarthy, il co-fonde le Comité pour le premier amendement (donc en faveur de la liberté d'expression), avec Myrna Loy, John Huston et Philip Dunne.

De retour à Hollywood, il y mène une vie confortable, devenant une institution du cinéma commercial et des grandes majors pour lesquelles il assure la réalisation de triomphes commerciaux en tous genres. Ces réussites lui permettent de fonder, avec George Stevens et Frank Capra, une société de production indépendante : la Liberty Film. Mais les échecs successifs de La Vie est belle, L'Enjeu et Si l'on mariait papa de Capra l'amènent au dépôt de bilan en 1948.

Wyler meurt d'une crise cardiaque en 1981. Il avait été brièvement marié à l'actrice Margaret Sullavan entre 1934 et 1936. Il avait ensuite épousé en 1938 Margaret Tallichet (1914-1991), avec laquelle il vécut jusqu'à sa mort. Ils ont eu cinq enfants dont Catherine Wyler metteur en scène comme son père.

William Wyler est enterré au Forest Lawn Memorial Park de Glendale dans le comté de Los Angeles (Californie).

Best films

Ben-Hur (1959)
(Director)
Funny Girl (1968)
(Director)
The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)
(Director)
Mrs. Miniver (1942)
(Director)
Roman Holiday (1953)
(Director)
Friendly Persuasion (1956)
(Director)

Usually with

Robert Swink
Robert Swink
(10 films)
Robert Wyler
Robert Wyler
(10 films)
Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(10 films)
Gregg Toland
Gregg Toland
(8 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of William Wyler (44 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

The Best Years of Our Lives, 2h52
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Historical, Romance
Themes Transport films, Aviation films, Films about disabilities, Political films
Actors Fredric March, Myrna Loy, Dana Andrews, Teresa Wright, Virginia Mayo, Harold Russell
Roles Drug Store customer (uncredited)
Rating80% 4.0484054.0484054.0484054.0484054.048405
After World War II, Fred Derry (Dana Andrews), Homer Parrish (Harold Russell), and Al Stephenson (Fredric March) meet while flying home to Boone City (a fictional city patterned after Cincinnati, Ohio). Fred was a decorated Army Air Forces captain and bombardier in Europe. Homer lost both hands from burns suffered when his aircraft carrier was sunk, and now uses mechanical hook prostheses. Al served as an infantry platoon sergeant in the Pacific. All three have trouble adjusting to civilian life.
Dodsworth
Dodsworth (1936)
, 1h41
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Romance
Themes Théâtre, Films based on plays, Films based on musicals
Actors Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton, Paul Lukas, Mary Astor, David Niven, Gregory Gaye
Roles Violin Player in Dance Orchestra (Uncredited)
Rating77% 3.8945753.8945753.8945753.8945753.894575
Samuel "Sam" Dodsworth (Walter Huston) is the successful, self-made and unsophisticated head of Dodsworth Motor Company, an American automobile parts manufacturing firm, based in the small Midwestern town of Zenith (also the setting for Lewis' Babbitt). His wife Fran (Ruth Chatterton), feeling trapped by the boring social life of their small-town existence, convinces her spouse to sell his interest in the company and take her to Europe. Sam disregards the warning of Tubby Pearson, his banker and friend, that men like them are only happy when they are working.

Director

The Liberation of L.B. Jones, 1h42
Directed by William Wyler, Robert Swink
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Crime
Actors Roscoe Lee Browne, Lee J. Cobb, Lee Majors, Anthony Zerbe, Lola Falana, Eve McVeagh
Rating67% 3.3886053.3886053.3886053.3886053.388605
À Somerton, une petite ville du Tennessee, L.B. Jones est le directeur aisé d'une petite entreprise de pompes funèbres. Afro-américain, il demande le divorce à sa femme Emma, également noire, qui le trompe avec un policier local, Willie Joe Worth. Jones engage dès lors le meilleur avocat de la ville, Oman Hedgepath, pour le défendre face à son épouse. Dans l'attente du procès de divorce, Oman suggère au policier de faire pression sur Emma pour qu'elle renonce à se faire assister d'un avocat, ce qui aurait pour conséquence de faire citer le nom de son amant lors du procès et possiblement de briser sa carrière et sa vie de famille. Comme Emma refuse, il s'en prend à L.
Funny Girl
Funny Girl (1968)
, 2h31
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Biography, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Romantic comedy, Musical, Romance
Themes Films about music and musicians, Théâtre, Musical films, Films based on plays, Films based on musicals
Actors Barbra Streisand, Omar Sharif, Kay Medford, Anne Francis, Walter Pidgeon, Mae Questel
Rating73% 3.6980453.6980453.6980453.6980453.698045
Set in and around New York City just prior to and following World War I, the story opens with Ziegfeld Follies star Fanny Brice (Barbra Streisand) awaiting the return of husband Nicky Arnstein (Omar Sharif) from prison, and then moves into an extended flashback focusing on their meeting and marriage.
How to Steal a Million, 2h3
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romantic comedy, Action, Crime, Romance
Themes Heist films, Children's films, Gangster films, Escroquerie
Actors Audrey Hepburn, Peter O'Toole, Eli Wallach, Hugh Griffith, Charles Boyer, Marcel Dalio
Rating74% 3.7495353.7495353.7495353.7495353.749535
Charles Bonnet (Hugh Griffith) is a highly skilled art forger who pretends to be an art collector. His daughter Nicole (Audrey Hepburn) disapproves of his forgeries and is afraid that he may get caught. At the beginning of the film, he loans a renowned statue of Cellini's Venus to the Kléber-Lafayette Museum as the centerpiece of an important upcoming exhibition. However, the statue had been made by Nicole's grandfather and would fail even a basic materials analysis.
The Collector, 1h59
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller
Actors Terence Stamp, Samantha Eggar, Mona Washbourne, Maurice Dallimore, Kenneth More, William Beckley
Rating74% 3.74743.74743.74743.74743.7474
Frederick Clegg (Terence Stamp) is a lonely, unbalanced young man who stalks, kidnaps, and imprisons a pretty, young art student, Miranda Grey (Samantha Eggar). One day after following her in his van, Frederick kidnaps and chloroforms Miranda, locking her in the windowless stone cellar that he has prepared with a bed, some furnishings, and an electric heater. When Frederick proclaims his love for Miranda, she fakes appendicitis as a ploy to escape, but is caught. Many weeks go by, and Miranda realizes just how unstable Frederick is, and that she will never leave alive. While being taken from the house to the cellar in the rain, she seizes a nearby shovel and strikes Frederick in the head with it. Frederick is wounded, but he manages to pull her back into the cellar, breaking the heater during their struggles. Miranda remains locked in the cold cellar, soaking wet. Frederick returns three days later to find Miranda terribly ill, and he goes into town to get medicine. When Frederick returns, he finds Miranda dead. In a voice over, he says it was Miranda's fault for not trying to get to know him and for losing his respect, and that his only mistake was choosing a woman who was much too clever and of a different social background. The final scene shows Frederick back behind the wheel of his van, stalking a young nurse.
The Children's Hour, 1h45
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Romance
Themes Films about education, Films about children, Films about sexuality, Films about suicide, Théâtre, LGBT-related films, Films based on plays, LGBT-related films, LGBT-related film, Lesbian-related films
Actors Shirley MacLaine, Audrey Hepburn, James Garner, Miriam Hopkins, Fay Bainter, Veronica Cartwright
Rating77% 3.8982253.8982253.8982253.8982253.898225
Former college classmates Martha Dobie (Shirley MacLaine) and Karen Wright (Audrey Hepburn) open a private school for girls. Martha's Aunt Lily (Miriam Hopkins), an aging actress, lives and teaches elocution at the school. After an engagement of two years to Joe Cardin (James Garner), a reputable obstetrician, Karen finally agrees to set a wedding date. Joe is related to the influential Amelia Tilford (Fay Bainter), whose granddaughter Mary (Karen Balkin) is a student at the school. Mary is a spoiled, conniving child who bullies her classmates, particularly Rosalie Wells (Veronica Cartwright), whom she blackmails when she discovers her in possession of a student's missing bracelet.
Ben-Hur
Ben-Hur (1959)
, 3h34
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Action, Adventure, Historical, Peplum
Themes Films set in Africa, Seafaring films, Christmas films, Films about religion, Films about sexuality, Transport films, Films based on the Bible, Films about Jews and Judaism, Road movies, Portrayals of Jesus in film, Chase films, Films about virginity
Actors Charlton Heston, Jack Hawkins, Haya Harareet, Stephen Boyd, Hugh Griffith, Martha Scott
Rating80% 4.04894.04894.04894.04894.0489
In AD 26, Judah Ben-Hur (Charlton Heston) is a wealthy prince and merchant in Jerusalem, who lives with his mother, Miriam (Martha Scott); his sister, Tirzah (Cathy O'Donnell); their loyal slave, Simonides (Sam Jaffe); and his daughter, Esther (Haya Harareet), who loves Ben-Hur but is betrothed to another. His childhood friend, the Roman citizen Messala (Stephen Boyd), is now a tribune. After several years away from Jerusalem, Messala returns as the new commander of the Roman garrison. Messala believes in the glory of Rome and its imperial power, while Ben-Hur is devoted to his faith and the freedom of the Jewish people.
The Big Country, 2h45
Directed by William Wyler, John Waters
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Action, Romance, Western
Actors Gregory Peck, Jean Simmons, Charlton Heston, Carroll Baker, Burl Ives, Charles Bickford
Rating78% 3.9469453.9469453.9469453.9469453.946945
Wealthy sea captain James McKay (Gregory Peck) travels to the American West to join his fiancée Patricia (Carroll Baker) at the enormous ranch owned by her father, Henry Terrill (Charles Bickford), referred to by all as the "Major". Terrill has been feuding with Rufus Hannassey (Burl Ives), the patriarch of a poorer, less refined ranching clan, over water rights in the arid grazing lands of the high plains.
Friendly Persuasion, 2h17
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Comedy, Historical, Romance, Western
Themes Films about religion, Political films
Actors Gary Cooper, Dorothy McGuire, Anthony Perkins, Richard Eyer, Richard Hale, Robert Middleton
Rating72% 3.643973.643973.643973.643973.64397
The film is set in Jennings County, Indiana in 1863. Jess Birdwell (Gary Cooper) is a farmer and patriarch of the Birdwell family whose Quaker religion conflicts with his love for the worldly enjoyments of music and horse racing. Jess's wife Eliza, (Dorothy McGuire) a Quaker minister, is deeply religious and steadfast in her refusal to engage in violence. Jess's daughter Mattie (Phyllis Love) wants to remain a Quaker but has fallen in love with dashing cavalry officer Gard Jordan (Peter Mark Richman), a love that is against her mother's wishes. Jess's youngest child "Little" Jess (Richard Eyer) is a feisty child whose comical feud with his mother's pet goose causes her heartache. Jess's elder son Josh (Anthony Perkins) is torn between his hatred of violence and a conviction that to protect his family he must join the home guard and fight the invaders.
The Desperate Hours, 1h48
Directed by William Wyler, Charles C. Coleman, John Waters, Hilton A. Green
Genres Drama, Thriller, Action, Noir, Crime
Themes Films based on plays
Actors Humphrey Bogart, Fredric March, John Arthur Kennedy, Martha Scott, Dewey Martin, Gig Young
Rating74% 3.744983.744983.744983.744983.74498
Glenn Griffin (Humphrey Bogart) is the leader of a trio of escaped convicts who invade the Hilliard family's suburban home in Indianapolis and hold four members of the family hostage. There they await the arrival of a package from Griffin's girlfriend, that contains funds to aid the three fugitives in their escape.
Roman Holiday, 1h58
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about writers, Films about journalists, Political films, Films about royalty
Actors Gregory Peck, Audrey Hepburn, Eddie Albert, Hartley Power, Harcourt Williams, Tullio Carminati
Rating79% 3.9991253.9991253.9991253.9991253.999125
Ann, the crown princess of an unspecified country, has started a widely publicized tour of several European capitals. In Rome she becomes frustrated with her tightly scheduled life, to the point of throwing a fit. Her doctor gives her a sedative to calm her down and help her sleep, but she secretly leaves her country's embassy.
Carrie
Carrie (1952)
, 1h58
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Action, Romance
Actors Laurence Olivier, Jennifer Jones, Miriam Hopkins, Eddie Albert, Ray Teal, Barry Kelley
Rating72% 3.6421753.6421753.6421753.6421753.642175
Carrie Meeber (Jennifer Jones) leaves her family in a small rural town and heads to Chicago. On the train to Chicago, Charles Drouet (Eddie Albert) approaches her. Although Carrie is reluctant to speak to him, the salesman persists and the two chat until they reach Chicago. Carrie gets off in South Chicago, the slums as Charles Drouet points out, after taking Drouet's business card.
Detective Story, 1h43
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Crime
Themes Films based on plays
Actors Kirk Douglas, Eleanor Parker, William Bendix, Cathy O'Donnell, George Macready, Gladys George
Rating74% 3.744913.744913.744913.744913.74491
The story begins with the arrest of a shoplifter (Lee Grant) and her booking at the 21st police precinct in New York City. Outside, Det. Jim McLeod (Kirk Douglas) is sharing a romantic moment with his wife Mary (Eleanor Parker), and they discuss the children they are planning to have. McLeod returns to the precinct to process a young embezzler named Arthur Kindred (Craig Hill).
The Heiress, 1h55
Directed by William Wyler
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Historical, Melodrama, Romance
Themes Films based on plays
Actors Olivia de Havilland, Montgomery Clift, Ralph Richardson, Miriam Hopkins, Mona Freeman, Vanessa Brown
Rating80% 4.0464254.0464254.0464254.0464254.046425
Catherine Sloper (Olivia de Havilland) is a plain, painfully shy woman whose emotionally detached father (Ralph Richardson) makes no secret of his disappointment in her. When she meets the charming Morris Townsend (Montgomery Clift), she immediately is taken by the attention that he lavishes upon her, attention she so desperately seeks from her father. Catherine falls madly in love with Morris and they plan to marry.