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Richard Attenborough is a Actor, Director and Producer British born on 29 august 1923 at Cambridge (United-kingdom)

Richard Attenborough

Richard Attenborough
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Birth name Richard Samuel Attenborough
Nationality United-kingdom
Birth 29 august 1923 at Cambridge (United-kingdom)
Death 24 august 2014 (at 90 years) at Greater London (United-kingdom)
Awards Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur, BAFTA Award for Best Film, Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, Padma Bhushan, Academy Award for Best Director

Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE (/ˈætənbʌrə/; 29 August 1923 – 24 August 2014) was an English actor, film director, film producer, entrepreneur and politician. He was the President of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA).

As a film director and producer, Attenborough won two Academy Awards for Gandhi in 1983. He also won four BAFTA Awards and four Golden Globe Awards. As an actor, he is perhaps best known for his roles in Brighton Rock, The Great Escape, 10 Rillington Place, Miracle on 34th Street and Jurassic Park.

He was the older brother of David Attenborough, a naturalist and broadcaster, and John Attenborough, an executive at Alfa Romeo. He was married to actress Sheila Sim from 1945 until his death.

Biography

Attenborough's father was the principal of University College, Leicester, now the city's university. This resulted in a long association with the university, with Attenborough becoming a patron. The university's Embrace Arts at the RA centre, which opened in 1997 is named in his honour. He had two younger brothers: naturalist and broadcaster David; and John (died 2012), who had made a career in the motor trade.

Attenborough married actress Sheila Sim in 1945. From 1949 until October 2012 they lived in Beaver Lodge on Richmond Green in London. The house was sold in October 2012 for £11.5 million, owing to the couple's deteriorating health.

On 26 December 2004 the couple's eldest daughter, 49-year-old Jane Holland, along with her mother-in-law, also named Jane, and Attenborough's 15-year-old granddaughter, Lucy, were killed when a tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake struck Khao Lak, Thailand, where they were on holiday. A service was held on 8 March 2005 and Attenborough read a lesson at the national memorial service on 11 May 2005. His grandson Samuel Holland, an actor in his own right, who survived the tsunami uninjured, and granddaughter Alice Holland, who suffered severe leg injuries, also read in the service. A commemorative plaque was placed in the floor of St. Mary Magdalen's parish church in Richmond. Attenborough later described the Boxing Day of 2004 as "the worst day of my life". Attenborough had two other children, Michael and Charlotte. Michael was a theatre director and the former artistic director of the Almeida Theatre in London and has been married to actress Karen Lewis since 1984; they have two sons. Charlotte is an actress, and has three children.

Attenborough collected Picasso ceramics from the 1950s. More than 100 items went on display at the New Walk Museum and Art Gallery in Leicester in 2007, in an exhibition dedicated to family members lost in the tsunami.

In 2008 he published an informal autobiography entitled Entirely Up to You, Darling in association with his long-standing friend and colleague Diana Hawkins.


Illness and death
In August 2008 Attenborough entered hospital with heart problems and was fitted with a pacemaker. In December 2008 he suffered a fall at his home after a stroke, and was admitted to St George's Hospital in Tooting, southwest London. In November 2009 Attenborough, in what he called a "house clearance" sale, sold part of his extensive art collection, which included works by L. S. Lowry, Christopher R. W. Nevinson and Graham Sutherland, generating £4.6 million at Sotheby's.

In January 2011, he sold his Rhubodach estate on the Scottish Isle of Bute for £1.48 million.

In May 2011, David Attenborough revealed that his brother had been confined to a wheelchair since his stroke in 2008, but was still capable of holding a conversation. He added that "he won't be making any more films."

In June 2012, shortly before her 90th birthday, Sheila Sim entered the actors' home Denville Hall, for which she and Attenborough had helped raise funds. In July 2012 it was announced that Sim has been diagnosed with senile dementia.

In October 2012, it was announced that Attenborough was putting the family home, Old Friars, with its attached offices, Beaver Lodge, which come complete with a sound-proofed cinema in the garden, on the market for £11.5 million. His brother David stated "He and his wife both loved the house, but they now need full-time care. It simply isn’t practical to keep the house on any more." In March 2013, in light of his deteriorating health, Attenborough moved into a nursing home in London to be with his wife, as confirmed by their son Michael.

Attenborough died on 24 August 2014, five days before his 91st birthday. Richard Attenborough was survived by his wife of almost 70 years, their two surviving children, six surviving grandchildren and a great-grandchild.
He was considered for and had been in negotiations for a reprising of his role as John Hammond in the soon-to-be-at-the-time-released-in 2015 film Jurassic World before his death. Unfortunately, he died before full production on it properly began.

Best films

Jurassic Park (1993)
(Actor)
Elizabeth (1998)
(Actor)
Gandhi (1982)
(Director)
A Bridge Too Far (1977)
(Director)
Cry Freedom (1987)
(Director)
The Great Escape (1963)
(Actor)

Usually with

Bryan Forbes
Bryan Forbes
(10 films)
Gerald Sim
Gerald Sim
(12 films)
John Boulting
John Boulting
(7 films)
Roy Boulting
Roy Boulting
(6 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Richard Attenborough (79 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Charlie: The Life and Art of Charles Chaplin, 2h12
Directed by Richard Schickel
Origin USA
Genres Biography, Documentary
Themes Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the film industry
Actors Sydney Pollack, Woody Allen, Richard Attenborough, Claire Bloom, Géraldine Chaplin, Michael Chaplin
Roles Himself
Rating79% 3.975243.975243.975243.975243.97524
In chronological order explore the work of Charlie Chaplin and shed light on the controversies related to his personal life.
The Railway Children, 1h48
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama
Actors Clare Thomas, Jemima Rooper, Jenny Agutter, Michael Kitchen, David Bamber, Gregor Fisher
Roles The Old Gentleman
Rating72% 3.639023.639023.639023.639023.63902
Roberta (Bobbie), Peter and Phyllis live a comfortable and carefree upper middle-class life in London with their parents. But when their father (Michael Kitchen), a senior civil servant, is arrested on a charge of treason and found guilty, they are forced to move with their mother to Three Chimneys, a cold and run-down country cottage near a railway.
Elizabeth
Elizabeth (1998)
, 2h4
Directed by Shekhar Kapur
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Biography, Historical
Themes Feminist films, Politique, Films about religion, Political films, Films about royalty
Actors Cate Blanchett, Geoffrey Rush, Abbie Cornish, Christopher Eccleston, Joseph Fiennes, Clive Owen
Roles Sir William Cecil
Rating74% 3.7488453.7488453.7488453.7488453.748845
In 1558, the Roman Catholic Queen Mary (Kathy Burke) dies of a cancerous tumour in her uterus, leaving her Protestant half-sister Elizabeth (Cate Blanchett) as queen. Elizabeth had previously been jailed for a supposed conspiracy to murder Mary but has now been freed for her coronation. The film shows Elizabeth being courted by suitors, including Henry, Duc d'Anjou (Vincent Cassel), the future King Henry III of France and Poland, whom she rejects, and urged by William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (Richard Attenborough) to marry, which, as he states, would secure her throne. Instead, she has a secret affair with her childhood sweetheart, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (Joseph Fiennes). The affair is, however, no secret from Cecil, who makes it clear that a monarch has no private life. Elizabeth deals with various threats to her reign, including Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk (Christopher Eccleston); her Catholic cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots, who conspires to have her murdered; Mary's mother, Mary of Guise (Fanny Ardant), who brings French troops into Scotland to attack Elizabeth's forces when they invade.
The Lost World: Jurassic Park, 2h9
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Fantastic, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about animals, Clonage, Dinosaur films, Films about computing, La préhistoire, Films based on science fiction novels, Animaux préhistoriques, Cyberpunk films
Actors Jeff Goldblum, Julianne Moore, Pete Postlethwaite, Vince Vaughn, Richard Schiff, Peter Stormare
Roles John Hammond
Rating64% 3.24943.24943.24943.24943.2494
Four years after the disaster at Jurassic Park, the wealthy Bowman family makes an excursion to the island of Isla Sorna during a yachting cruise. Their young daughter wanders off and is attacked by a pack of Compsognathus, but survives. The incident allows Peter Ludlow, John Hammond's nephew, to gain control of his uncle's company InGen, which is in severe financial straits after the events at Jurassic Park. Hammond contacts Ian Malcolm and explains that Isla Sorna is the island where the dinosaurs were engineered and nurtured before being moved to Isla Nublar, Jurassic Park's location. He also explains that after the park was shut down, Isla Sorna was abandoned during a hurricane and the dinosaurs left to survive in the wild, where they have been inexplicably thriving. Hammond asks Malcolm to join a team that will travel to Isla Sorna to document the dinosaurs in order to rally public support against human interference on the island. Ian initially declines but, after learning that his girlfriend, paleontologist Sarah Harding, is part of the team and is already on the island, he agrees to go.
Miracle on 34th Street, 1h54
Directed by Les Mayfield
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Comedy-drama, Fantasy
Themes Medical-themed films, Christmas films, Films about disabilities, Children's films, Santa Claus in film, Sign-language films, American Sign Language films, Films about language and translation
Actors Richard Attenborough, Mara Wilson, Elizabeth Perkins, Dylan McDermott, J. T. Walsh, Kathy Bates
Roles Kris Kringle
Rating65% 3.250623.250623.250623.250623.25062
When Cole's Department Store's Santa Claus gets drunk before taking part in the Thanksgiving parade, Dorey Walker (Elizabeth Perkins), Cole's director of special events, fires him and must find a replacement immediately. She spots an old man (Richard Attenborough) berating the inebriated Santa, and begs him to take over. He introduces himself as Kris Kringle. Kris does so well during the parade that he is immediately hired to be Cole's main Santa for the holiday period. All the children in New York begin to believe that he is the real Santa, with the exception of Dorey's six-year-old daughter Susan (Mara Wilson). Dorey's boyfriend, Bryan Bedford (Dylan McDermott), does his best to convince Susan to believe. While being babysat one night by Kris, Susan shares with him her Christmas wish, she would like a dad, a house (used every year for the Cole's catalogue photoshoot) and a baby brother. Kris asks if she would begin to believe in Santa if she got all those things. Susan agrees that she would.
Jurassic Park, 2h7
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Thriller, Adventure
Themes Films about animals, Clonage, Dinosaur films, Films about computing, Seafaring films, La préhistoire, Transport films, Films based on science fiction novels, Animaux préhistoriques, Cyberpunk films
Actors Sam Neill, Laura Dern, Jeff Goldblum, Richard Attenborough, Bob Peck, Martin Ferrero
Roles John Hammond
Rating80% 4.048394.048394.048394.048394.04839
John Hammond, the founder and CEO of bioengineering company InGen, has created a theme park called Jurassic Park on Isla Nublar, a tropical island populated with cloned dinosaurs. After a park worker is killed by a Velociraptor, the park's investors, represented by lawyer Donald Gennaro, demand that experts visit the park and certify it as safe. Gennaro invites the mathematician Ian Malcolm while Hammond invites paleontologist Dr. Alan Grant and paleobotanist Dr. Ellie Sattler. Upon arrival, the group is stunned to see three Brachiosaurus and a herd of Parasaurolophus in the distance.
The Human Factor, 1h54
Directed by Otto Preminger
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Thriller, Spy, Politic
Themes Spy films, Politique, Political films
Actors Richard Attenborough, Derek Jacobi, John Gielgud, Iman, Nicol Williamson, Robert Morley
Roles Colonel John Daintry
Rating61% 3.051283.051283.051283.051283.05128
Maurice Castle (Nicol Williamson) is a mid-level bureaucrat in MI6 whose life seems completely without peculiarity, peccadillo, or any highlighting quality to suggest he’s anything but a dull bureaucrat, except for the interesting, casually introduced detail that he has an African wife, Sarah (Iman), and son, Sam (Gary Forbes). Meanwhile, the company regime, represented by corpulent, bluffly cheery Dr. Percival (Robert Morley), who’s actually an expert in assassinations and biological toxins, and grey eminence Sir John Hargreaves (Richard Vernon), advise newly appointed security chieftain Daintry (Richard Attenborough) that, thanks to a source they have cultivated in their Moscow enemy headquarters, they believe they have a traitor at the MI6 African desk. The duo determine that the mole must be quietly killed, rather than be allowed publicity in a trial or a flight to Moscow. They determine quickly that the most likely candidate for the traitor is Arthur Davis (Derek Jacobi), Castle’s playboy office partner. Actually, Castle is the mole, but the information he leaks is entirely unimportant financial documents. He became involved in leaking to the Soviets when he was an MI6 agent in South Africa, seven years earlier: he met and fell in love with Sarah, and when their affair was discovered by the authorities, Castle was all but thrown out of the country, and he entrusted Sarah’s smuggling out of the country to a mutual communist acquaintance. Ever since, he’s been repaying the favor by filtering insignificant data to the Soviets. Castle makes one last informational drop to his communist handlers and he is summarily whisked off to Moscow for protection. However, Castle's primary problem is that he is not a communist, is not a communist sympathizer, and has absolutely no interest in politics, socialism, the Russian language, Slavic history or culture, geopolitical power plays, Moscow nor the Soviet Union. His only interest is in his wife and his son, who are left in London — where they will remain separated from him.
A Bridge Too Far, 2h50
Directed by Richard Attenborough, Sidney Hayers
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Action, Adventure, Historical
Themes Pont, Political films
Actors Dirk Bogarde, James Caan, Michael Caine, Sean Connery, Michael Byrne, Edward Fox
Roles Lunatic with Glasses (uncredited)
Rating73% 3.699113.699113.699113.699113.69911
The film begins with a montage of archival film footage narrated by a Dutch woman, Kate ter Horst, describing the state of affairs in September 1944. The Allied advance is being slowed by overextended supply lines.
Shatranj Ke Khilari, 2h9
Directed by Satyajit Ray
Origin Inde
Genres Drama
Themes Jeu, Sports films, Films about chess
Actors Shabana Azmi, Farida Jalal, Richard Attenborough, Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Amjad Khan
Roles General Outram
Rating77% 3.894293.894293.894293.894293.89429
The film shows in parallel the historical drama of the Indian kingdom Awadh (whose capital is Lucknow) and its Muslim Nawab Wajid Ali Shah who is overthrown by the British, alongside the story of two shatranj (chess) obsessed noblemen.
Brannigan
Brannigan (1975)
, 1h51
Directed by Douglas Hickox
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Thriller, Action, Crime
Actors John Wayne, Richard Attenborough, Judy Geeson, Mel Ferrer, John Vernon, Ralph Meeker
Roles Cmdr. Charles Swann
Rating60% 3.0493053.0493053.0493053.0493053.049305
Tough Chicago Police Lieutenant Jim Brannigan (John Wayne) is sent to London to extradite a notorious American gangster, Ben Larkin (John Vernon). Brannigan is assigned a local officer, Jennifer (Judy Geeson), to help while he is in London. But before Brannigan can collect his man, Larkin is kidnapped.
Conduct Unbecoming, 1h47
Directed by Michael Anderson
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Crime
Themes Films based on plays
Actors Michael York, Richard Attenborough, Trevor Howard, Stacy Keach, Christopher Plummer, Susannah York
Roles Maggiore Lionel E. Roach
Rating63% 3.1961753.1961753.1961753.1961753.196175
Two young British officers arrive to join a prestigious regiment serving in India. One, Lieutenant Drake (York), from a middle-class background, is extremely eager to make the right impression while the other, Lieutenant Millington (James Faulkner), the son of a General, is not taken with the idea of the army, and keen to get out as soon as he possibly can. Almost as soon as they arrive, Millington gets off on the wrong foot with his comrades, causing them to dislike him.
Rosebud
Rosebud (1975)
, 2h6
Directed by Otto Preminger, Yves Amoureux
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Action
Themes Films set in Africa, Films about writers, Films about journalists, Films about terrorism, Political films
Actors Peter O'Toole, Richard Attenborough, Cliff Gorman, Claude Dauphin, Brigitte Ariel, Peter Lawford
Roles Edward Sloat
Rating51% 2.5621752.5621752.5621752.5621752.562175
Larry Martin (O'Toole) is a Newsweek reporter, secretly working for the CIA as he travels around the globe tasked, along with Israeli intelligence, to work for the release of five wealthy girls kidnapped by the anti-Israel terrorist Palestinian Liberation Army from the yacht Rosebud. Martin must contend with the girl's fathers, all of whom are wealthy, connected and concerned. Sloat (Attenborough), the extremist head of Black September, is connected with the kidnappings, and is subsequently hunted down after his plans for a centralized global terrorist network are uncovered.
And Then There Were None, 1h32
Directed by Peter Collinson
Origin France
Genres Drama, Crime, Politic
Themes Serial killer films
Actors Charles Aznavour, Stéphane Audran, Elke Sommer, Gert Fröbe, Adolfo Celi, Alberto de Mendoza
Roles Judge Arthur Cannon
Rating59% 2.9513152.9513152.9513152.9513152.951315
A group of 10 people, strangers to one another, have all traveled to a hotel located deep in the deserts of Iran. Upon arrival they discover that their host is mysteriously absent. They are accused via a tape recording by the host, U.N. Owen ("unknown"), someone none of them has ever met, of having committed various crimes in the past which went unpunished by the law.
10 Rillington Place, 1h51
Directed by Richard Fleischer
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Thriller, Biography, Horror, Crime
Themes Medical-themed films, Prison films, Serial killer films, Films about psychiatry, Films about capital punishment
Actors Richard Attenborough, Judy Geeson, John Hurt, Jimmy Gardner, Isobel Black, André Morell
Roles John Christie
Rating75% 3.7966453.7966453.7966453.7966453.796645
The film begins in 1944 with John Christie murdering his neighbor Muriel Eady: he lures her to his flat in 10 Rillington Place by promising to cure her bronchitis with a "special mixture", then incapacitates her with carbon monoxide gas, strangles her with a piece of rope, and has (implied) sex with her corpse. He buries her in his flat block's communal garden, where a dog uncovers one of his previous victims.