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Jack Clayton is a Actor, Director and Associate Producer British born on 1 march 1921 at Brighton (United-kingdom)

Jack Clayton

Jack Clayton
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Nationality United-kingdom
Birth 1 march 1921 at Brighton (United-kingdom)
Death 26 february 1995 (at 73 years) at Slough (United-kingdom)

Jack Clayton (1 March 1921 – 26 February 1995) was a British film director, who specialised in bringing literary works to the screen.

Starting out as a teenage studio "tea boy" in 1935, Clayton worked his way up through British film industry in a career that spanned nearly 60 years. He rapidly rose through a series of increasingly important roles in British film production, before shooting to international prominence as a director with his Oscar-winning feature film debut, the landmark 1959 drama Room at the Top.

Clayton looked set for a brilliant future, and he was highly regarded by peers and critics alike, but a number of overlapping factors hampered his career. He was a notably 'choosy' director, who by his own admission "never made a film I didn't want to make", and he repeatedly turned down films (including Alien) that became huge hits for other directors. But he was also dogged by bad luck and bad timing - the Hollywood studios labelled him as 'difficult', and studio politics quashed a string of planned films in the 1970s, which were either taken out of his hands, or cancelled in the final stages of preparation. In 1977 he suffered a double blow - his current film was cancelled just two weeks before shooting was due to begin, and a few months later he suffered a serious stroke which robbed him of the ability to speak, and put his career on hold for five years.

Although Clayton worked almost constantly on a wide range of significant projects during his years as a director, most either never made it into production, or wound up being made by other directors, and he was only able to complete seven feature films before his death in 1995. However, despite this relatively small oeuvre, the films of Jack Clayton continue to be appreciated, and both they and their director have been widely admired and praised by leading film critics like Pauline Kael and Roger Ebert, and by film industry peers including Harold Pinter, Martin Scorsese, Guillermo del Toro, François Truffaut, Tennessee Williams and Steven Spielberg.

Biography

When asked his religion, he replied: "ex-Catholic". Clayton was married three times, his first was to British actress Christine Norden in 1947, but they divorced in 1953; the same year he married again to French actress Katherine Kath, but this was short-lived. His third marriage, (some time in the mid-1960s) was to the Israeli actress Haya Harareet, and this lasted until his death. Clayton died in hospital in Slough, England from a heart attack, following a short illness, on 25 February 1995.

On the first anniversary of Clayton's death, BAFTA held a ceremony to celebrate his life and career, which featured a screening of The Bespoke Overcoat and a solo flute performance from Delerue's score for Something Wicked This Way Comes, which was a favourite of Clayton's wife Haya. Tributes were delivered by Sir John Woolf, Harold Pinter, Karel Reisz, Freddie Francis, Clayton's editor Terry Rawlings, his agent Robert Shapiro, and actors Sam Waterston and Scott Wilson, with whom he had worked on The Great Gatsby. In his professional tribute to Clayton, Harold Pinter said:


"Jack Clayton was a director of great sensitivity, intelligence and flair. He was a gentle man, with a quiet, wry sense of humour, but professionally he possessed the utmost rigour and a fierce determination. I wrote the screenplay of The Pumpkin Eater in 1963. It remains, in my view, a film of considerable power and, of course, absolute integrity."
Former colleague Jim Clark was given his major break by Clayton, who hired him as the editor on The Innocents. They became close friends (and regular drinking partners) during the making of film. In his 2010 memoir Dream Repairman, Clark offered a number of insights into their personal and professional relationship, as well as the often contradictory personality traits exhibited by the director, whom he recalled as "a very complex personality. The iron fist in the velvet glove."


"He was a complex man - he drank too much, smoked too much and was dangerously unpredictable. Jack was a barroom brawler who would, if provoked, attack people with his fists. He was also charming and seductive, which masked his many faults."
Clark quickly came to share the high esteem in which Clayton was held by colleagues, saying that Clayton "... mesmerized me, having a Svengali effect. He was absolutely revered by the crew, and I cannot deny falling under his spell." Clark recalled the experience of editing The Innocents as easy and pleasurable, thanks to Clayton's meticulous approach to filmmaking, recalling that Clayton had "a very certain approach to his material, having worked out everything beforehand. He was a perfectionist who left nothing to chance, and was very precise in his approach to work."

In contrast, however, Clark also remarked on Clayton's "legendary" indecision, which he claimed was the reason it took him so long to settle on a new project, and which (in Clark's view) made Clayton prone to 'agonising' over sequences he was unsure of, screening them again and again and making tiny adjustments until he was comfortable with the sequence. :

Clark also described Clayton as "a big drinker who used to tipple all day - mostly brandy - and he was a chain smoker". He considered that Clayton had "a perverse sense of humour", and that the director (who, in his view, had been "highly influenced" by his contact with John Huston) also emulated Huston's "sadistic sense of practical joking". Clayton's personal assistant Jeannie Sims (who had previously worked for Huston) had been badly burned as a child, leaving her with scars on her hands and face, and she was terrified of fire, but according to Clark, Clayton "made it his business to try and set Jeanie alight as often as possible. He would go to enormous lengths, preparing bonfires that Jeanie would supposedly be put onto."

As noted above, Clark also revealed that, while often charming, Clayton could be temperamental, and was sometimes prone to outbursts of extreme anger. He recounted one incident in which Sims was unavoidably late calling Clayton with the reviews from the pre-released critics' screening of The Innocents. When Sims finally contacted him, Clayton (who had been too nervous to attend) reportedly flew into a rage, viciously berating Sims over the phone, and when Clark arrived at Clayton's studio office the next morning, he discovered that Clayton had completely smashed a large plaster scale model of Bly House, and was refusing to speak to them. Although Clark worked with Clayton on both The Innocents and The Pumpkin Eater, their working relationship and friendship effectively ended after the latter film, after Clayton apparently sent Clark a vitriolic letter blaming him for the failure of the film. The two met again at Paramount Studios in Hollywood, while Clayton was working on The Great Gatsby, during which (according to Clark):


" (Clayton) upset everyone by hurling a chair through his office window. The office window was on the first floor and the chair landed on some executive's parked Mercedes."

Best films

The Great Gatsby (1974)
(Director)
Room at the Top (1959)
(Director)
The Thief of Bagdad (1940)
(Director)

Usually with

Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Jack Clayton (24 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Director

The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne, 1h50
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Romance
Actors Maggie Smith, Bob Hoskins, Wendy Hiller, Ian McNeice, Prunella Scales, Rudi Davies
Rating69% 3.4916553.4916553.4916553.4916553.491655
Judith Hearne, un professeur de piano timide, tombe amoureuse de l'un des ses élèves, l'entrepreneur James Madden. Mais celui-ci, dans le besoin, décide de jouer le jeu de l'amour pour récupérer l'argent de Judith...
Something Wicked This Way Comes, 1h35
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Thriller, Fantastic, Fantasy, Horror
Themes Circus films, Films based on science fiction novels, Children's films
Actors Jason Robards, Jonathan Pryce, Diane Ladd, Pam Grier, Ellen Geer, Richard Davalos
Rating67% 3.3982653.3982653.3982653.3982653.398265
In Greentown, Illinois, a small town enjoying the innocence of an upcoming autumn as the days grow shorter, two young boys—reserved Will Halloway and somewhat rebellious Jim Nightshade—leave from an after-school detention for "whispering in class" and hurry off for home. When the boys hear about a strange traveling carnival, Mr. Dark's Pandemonium Carnival, from a lightning-rod salesman, they decide to see what it is all about, but Will is fearful, as most carnivals end their tours after Labor Day. When the ominous Mr. Dark, the Illustrated Man, rides into town on a dark midnight, setting up his massive carnival in a matter of seconds, the boys are both thrilled and terrified. It seems to be just another carnival at first, but it is not long before the forces of darkness begin to manifest from the haunting melodies of the carousel—which can change your age depending on which way you ride it—and from the glaring Mirror Maze. With his collection of freaks and oddities, Dark intends to take control of the town and seize more innocent souls to damn. It will take all the wit and hope of the two boys to save their families and friends, with aid from an unlikely ally, Will's father, the town librarian, who understands more than anyone else that "something wicked this way comes.
The Great Gatsby, 2h24
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Romance
Themes Films about sexuality
Actors Robert Redford, Mia Farrow, Bruce Dern, Sam Waterston, Karen Black, Scott Wilson
Rating63% 3.199923.199923.199923.199923.19992
Gatsby le Magnifique (The Great Gatsby) dépeint le tableau de la haute aristocratie américaine en mal de vivre. Après la Première Guerre mondiale, dans les années 1920, les « années folles », l'élégant et mystérieux Jay Gatsby (Robert Redford), millionnaire à la fortune douteuse, est obsédé par la belle Daisy Buchanan (Mia Farrow), un amour de jeunesse qu'il tente de reconquérir. Une superbe et tragique histoire d'amour naît.
Our Mother's House, 1h44
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama
Themes Films about families
Actors Dirk Bogarde, Mark Lester, Pamela Franklin, Phoebe Nicholls, Yootha Joyce, Anthony Nicholls
Rating74% 3.7399153.7399153.7399153.7399153.739915
The seven Hook children, whose ages range from five to fourteen, live in a dilapidated Victorian house in suburban London. The older children help to care for their invalid single mother, whose chronic illness has led to her to convert to fundamentalist religion and refuse all medical help. When their mother dies suddenly, the children realise that they may be split up and sent to orphanages, so they decide to conceal their mother's death and carry on with their daily routine as if she were still alive. They secretly bury their mother in the back yard at night, and convert the garden shed into a shrine to her, where they periodically hold seances to communicate with her spirit.
The Pumpkin Eater, 1h58
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama
Themes Films about sexuality
Actors Anne Bancroft, Peter Finch, James Mason, Cedric Hardwicke, Alan Webb, Richard Johnson
Rating72% 3.6437353.6437353.6437353.6437353.643735
The story revolves around Jo Armitage (Bancroft), a woman with an ambiguous number of children from three marriages, who becomes negative and withdrawn after discovering that her third (and current) husband, Jake (Finch), has been unfaithful to her. After a series of loosely related events in which Jake's infidelity is balanced by his reliability as a breadwinner and a father, Jo and Jake take a first tentative step toward reconciliation.
The Innocents, 1h39
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Thriller, Fantastic, Horror, Historical
Themes Ghost films, Children's films
Actors Deborah Kerr, Michael Redgrave, Peter Wyngarde, Megs Jenkins, Pamela Franklin, Isla Cameron
Rating77% 3.8976153.8976153.8976153.8976153.897615
Miss Giddens (Deborah Kerr) applies for a job as a governess. It is to be her first position, but the wealthy bachelor interviewing her (Michael Redgrave) is unconcerned with her lack of experience. He values his freedom to travel and socialise and unabashedly confesses that he has "no room, mentally or emotionally" for his niece and nephew. They were orphaned and left in his care as infants, and he keeps them at Bly, his country estate. The previous governess, Miss Jessel, died suddenly less than a year ago. All he cares about is that Miss Giddens accept full responsibility for the children, never troubling him with whatever problems may arise.
Room at the Top, 1h55
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Romance
Themes Films about sexuality
Actors Simone Signoret, Laurence Harvey, Heather Sears, Donald Wolfit, Hermione Baddeley, Donald Houston
Rating74% 3.7448353.7448353.7448353.7448353.744835
In late 1940s Yorkshire, England, Joe Lampton (Laurence Harvey), an ambitious young man who has just moved from the dreary factory town of Dufton, arrives in Warnley, to assume a secure, but poorly paid, post in the Borough Treasurer's Department. Determined to succeed, and ignoring the warnings of a colleague, Soames (Donald Houston), he is drawn to Susan Brown (Heather Sears), daughter of the local industrial magnate, Mr. Brown (Donald Wolfit). He deals with Joe's social climbing by sending Susan abroad; Joe turns for solace to Alice Aisgill (Simone Signoret), an unhappily married older woman who falls in love with him.
The Bespoke Overcoat, 33minutes
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Fantasy
Themes Films about religion, Films about Jews and Judaism
Actors Alfie Bass, David Kossoff, Alan Tilvern
Rating72% 3.611013.611013.611013.611013.61101
Fender is a lowly clerk in the warehouse of clothing manufacturers Ranting and Co. His one ambition is to have an overcoat of his own. Refused one by the cold hearted Ranting he asks a tailor friend, Morry, to make him one instead, but dies of cold before he can take delivery of it. Unwilling to give up his only desire even in death, he returns as a ghost to persuade Morry to steal him the overcoat he so coveted in life.
While the Sun Shines, 1h30
Directed by Jack Clayton, Anthony Asquith
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Comedy, Romantic comedy
Themes Théâtre, Films based on plays
Actors Bonar Colleano, Ronald Howard, Ronald Squire, Brenda Bruce, Miles Malleson, Margaret Rutherford

Lady Elisabeth Randall is an English Air Force corporal during World War II. She is on her way to marry her fiancé when she finds herself being romanced by two different men. The first man is Colbert, a Frenchman residing in England. The second man is Joe Mulvaney, an American lieutenant. Difficulties ensue as Randall finds that due to these romances both her military career and her impending marriage are in danger.
Q Planes
Q Planes (1939)
, 1h22
Directed by Jack Clayton, Tim Whelan, Arthur B. Woods
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Thriller, Comedy, Spy
Themes Spy films, Transport films, Aviation films
Actors Ralph Richardson, Laurence Olivier, Valerie Hobson, George Curzon, Patrick Aherne, George Merritt
Rating65% 3.292863.292863.292863.292863.29286
Advanced British aircraft prototypes, carrying experimental and secret equipment are vanishing with their crews on test flights. No one can fathom why, not even spymaster Major Hammond (Ralph Richardson) or his sister Kay (Valerie Hobson), a newspaper reporter, who is working undercover in the works canteen used by the crews at the Barrett & Ward Aircraft Company.
Men Are Not Gods, 1h30
Directed by Jack Clayton, Walter Reisch
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama
Actors Miriam Hopkins, Gertrude Lawrence, Sebastian Shaw, Rex Harrison, A. E. Matthews, Noël Coward
Rating60% 3.0078253.0078253.0078253.0078253.007825
In London, critic Mr. Skeates dictates a scathing review of Edmund Davey, the lead actor debuting in the play Othello, to his secretary, Ann Williams. Barbara Albert, Davey's co-star and wife, comes to the newspaper offices to plead her husband's case. Skeates has already left, so she begs Ann for help to save Edmund's career, insisting that he is a great actor who was simply overwhelmed by his great opportunity. Ann is touched and takes a great risk (as Skeates never reads his own work), rewriting the review to praise the actor's performance. The critic, however, finds out when Edmund thanks him for his kind words, and Ann is given the sack.

Producer

Our Mother's House, 1h44
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama
Themes Films about families
Actors Dirk Bogarde, Mark Lester, Pamela Franklin, Phoebe Nicholls, Yootha Joyce, Anthony Nicholls
Roles Producer
Rating74% 3.7399153.7399153.7399153.7399153.739915
The seven Hook children, whose ages range from five to fourteen, live in a dilapidated Victorian house in suburban London. The older children help to care for their invalid single mother, whose chronic illness has led to her to convert to fundamentalist religion and refuse all medical help. When their mother dies suddenly, the children realise that they may be split up and sent to orphanages, so they decide to conceal their mother's death and carry on with their daily routine as if she were still alive. They secretly bury their mother in the back yard at night, and convert the garden shed into a shrine to her, where they periodically hold seances to communicate with her spirit.
The Innocents, 1h39
Directed by Jack Clayton
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, Thriller, Fantastic, Horror, Historical
Themes Ghost films, Children's films
Actors Deborah Kerr, Michael Redgrave, Peter Wyngarde, Megs Jenkins, Pamela Franklin, Isla Cameron
Roles Producer
Rating77% 3.8976153.8976153.8976153.8976153.897615
Miss Giddens (Deborah Kerr) applies for a job as a governess. It is to be her first position, but the wealthy bachelor interviewing her (Michael Redgrave) is unconcerned with her lack of experience. He values his freedom to travel and socialise and unabashedly confesses that he has "no room, mentally or emotionally" for his niece and nephew. They were orphaned and left in his care as infants, and he keeps them at Bly, his country estate. The previous governess, Miss Jessel, died suddenly less than a year ago. All he cares about is that Miss Giddens accept full responsibility for the children, never troubling him with whatever problems may arise.