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William Friedkin is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter and Producer American born on 29 august 1935 at Chicago (USA)

William Friedkin

William Friedkin
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Nationality USA
Birth 29 august 1935 (84 years) at Chicago (USA)
Awards Academy Award for Best Director

William Friedkin (born August 29, 1935) is an American film director, producer and screenwriter best known for directing The French Connection in 1971 and The Exorcist in 1973; for the former, he won the Academy Award for Best Director. Some of his other films include Sorcerer, Cruising, To Live and Die in L.A., The Guardian, Jade, Bug, and Killer Joe.

Biography

William Friedkin naît aux États-Unis de parents, Raechael et Louis Friedkin, immigrants juifs d'Ukraine. La plus grande partie de sa famille a fui ce pays à la suite de pogroms en 1903. Sa mère est infirmière de bloc opératoire, son père, ancien de la marine marchande, est semi-professionnel de softball et travaille dans un magasin de vêtements. La famille est pauvre. Le jeune William a une grande admiration pour sa mère et il estimera par la suite que c'est elle qui l'a empêché de mal tourner.

Scolarisé à l'école Senn High School, il se fait apprécier bien plus pour ses qualités au basketball que pour son assiduité. Après avoir vu Citizen Kane d'Orson Welles, Friedkin se découvre une vocation pour le cinéma et plus précisément pour la réalisation, mais ses parents ne peuvent lui payer des études et il devient coursier pour la chaîne WGN-TV. Beaucoup de chaînes locales se créant à cette époque, William Friedkin parvient à devenir réalisateur d'émissions en direct, puis de documentaires. Il se fait souvent renvoyer des chaînes où il travaille mais n'a pas de difficultés à trouver un autre emploi.

En 1965, il produit et dirige le documentaire The People vs. Paul Crump, sur un condamné à mort en attente de son exécution. Le film, qui tente de mettre en lumière les défaillances de l’enquête policière, entraine une réévaluation du dossier et le héros, Paul Crump, voit sa sentence commuée en prison à vie. Le film gagne le Golden Gate award au Festival international du film de San Francisco en 1962. Friedkin décide en 1965 de quitter Chicago et devient réalisateur pour la série Alfred Hitchcock présente.

En 1967, Friedkin dirige son premier film pour le cinéma, Good Times, une comédie musicale mettant en vedette le tandem Sonny and Cher. Suivent, en 1968, L'Anniversaire d’après la pièce de Harold Pinter et, en 1970, Les Garçons de la bande, un des rares films de l’époque à traiter d’homosexualité. Friedkin réalise ensuite coup sur coup deux très gros succès commerciaux, maintenant considérés comme des classiques du cinéma américain : le drame policier French Connection en 1971 et le drame fantastique L'Exorciste en 1973.



La suite de sa filmographie sera moins riche en succès en box-office, mais pas en réussites artistiques, telles Le Convoi de la peur, son plus gros échec à Hollywood, remake étonnant du Salaire de la peur d'Henri-Georges Clouzot, La Chasse (Cruising) avec Al Pacino qui fait scandale pour sa description très crue des milieux homosexuels S.M., Police fédérale Los Angeles, le plus gros succès de Friedkin des années 80, polar halluciné autour d'un personnage de flic antipathique et suicidaire, ou le plus récent Bug, plongée cauchemardesque au cœur de la schizophrénie.
En 2012, Friedkin renouera avec la critique avec son film Killer Joe, adaptation a l'écran de la pièce antonyme de Tracy Letts. Friedkin révèle d’ailleurs en 2016 qu'il travaille sur une adaptation de son film en série télévisée, avec Nicolas Cage dans le rôle de Joe.

Friedkin est un cinéaste des excès, du malaise et de la violence. Souvent stigmatisé pour son caractère difficile et ses lubies sur certains tournages houleux, cet enfant prodige du Nouvel Hollywood demeure une référence dans le cinéma d'action contemporain.

Au milieu des années 1990, Friedkin se met à la mise en scène d’opéra ; en 1998, à l’instigation du chef Zubin Mehta, il monte Wozzeck d'Alban Berg dans le cadre d’un festival d’art lyrique à Florence. Par la suite, il dirige notamment Ariane à Naxos de Richard Strauss à Los Angeles, Samson et Dalila de Camille Saint-Saëns en Israël, et Aïda de Verdi en Italie.


Vie privée

Pendant le tournage de L'Exorciste, il fait la rencontre de la danseuse Jennifer Nairn-Smith avec qui il entame une liaison. Il déclarera par la suite avoir éprouvé une forte attirance physique pour elle, mais n'en avoir jamais été réellement amoureux. Grâce aux recettes de L'Exorciste ils s'installent ensemble dans une superbe demeure que le réalisateur achète à Los Angeles, dans le quartier de Bel Air. Jennifer Nairn-Smith rejoindra Friedkin sur le tournage du Convoi de la peur pour lui annoncer qu'elle est enceinte et désire l'épouser, ce qu'il refusera. L'enfant, Cedric, nait en novembre 1976. William Friedkin commence par refuser de croire qu'il en soit le père, mais après que Walon Green, scénariste sur Le Convoi de la peur, lui a affirmé que l'enfant est « son portrait craché », il fait un test sanguin pour s'assurer de cette paternité, reconnait l'enfant et accepte de s'en occuper.

Il a été brièvement (de 1977 à 1979) l'époux de Jeanne Moreau.

Un matin d'automne 1980, alors qu'il se rend en voiture à son bureau de Warner Bros, William Friedkin est victime d'une crise cardiaque. Il parvient à rouler jusqu'au studio mais s'effondre à l'entrée du bâtiment. Il est sauvé in extremis.

Best films

The Exorcist (1973)
(Director)
Rules of Engagement (2000)
(Director)
The French Connection (1971)
(Director)
Paper Moon (1973)
(Executive Producer)

Usually with

Source : Wikidata

Filmography of William Friedkin (30 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Arbitrage
Arbitrage (2012)
, 1h47
Directed by Nicholas Jarecki
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Crime
Actors Richard Gere, Susan Sarandon, Tim Roth, Brit Marling, Laetitia Casta, William Friedkin
Rating65% 3.297883.297883.297883.297883.29788
Sixty-year-old magnate Robert Miller (Richard Gere) manages a hedge fund with his daughter Brooke (Brit Marling) and is about to sell it for a handsome profit. However, unbeknownst to his daughter and most of his other employees, he has cooked his company's books in order to cover an investment loss and avoid being arrested for fraud. One night, while driving with his mistress Julie Cote (Laetitia Casta), he begins to doze off and crashes; Julie is killed. An injured Robert leaves the scene and decides to cover up his involvement to prevent the public, his wife Ellen (Susan Sarandon), and the prospective buyer James Mayfield (Graydon Carter) from discovering the truth.
Conversation with Fritz Lang, 2h20
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Documentary
Actors William Friedkin, Fritz Lang
Roles Himself - Interviewer
Rating77% 3.8593053.8593053.8593053.8593053.859305
Interviewé par William Friedkin, Fritz Lang revient sur quelques moments marquants de sa carrière cinématographique.

Director

Killer Joe
Killer Joe (2011)
, 1h43
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Crime, Black comedy
Themes Films about families, Films about sexuality, Théâtre, Films based on plays
Actors Matthew McConaughey, Emile Hirsch, Juno Temple, Gina Gershon, Thomas Haden Church, Marc Macaulay
Rating66% 3.348823.348823.348823.348823.34882
In West Dallas, Texas, 22-year-old drug dealer Chris Smith (Hirsch), desperate to pay his debt to loan sharks, decides to murder his mother, Adele, to collect the $50,000 of insurance money. He has been told by his mother's boyfriend Rex that the sole beneficiary will be Chris' younger sister Dottie (Temple). Assuming Dottie would share any money she gets with them, Chris manages to rope his dim-witted father Ansel (Haden Church) into a conspiracy to kill Adele – who is Ansel's ex-wife – to get the money. Chris also enlists the help of Joe Cooper (McConaughey), a police detective who has a side career as a contract killer. Ansel plans to split the money four ways between themselves, Dottie, and Ansel's new wife Sharla (Gershon). Dottie hears the plan as they are talking, and agrees that it's a good idea.
Bug
Bug (2006)
, 1h43
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Horror
Themes Films about animals, Théâtre, Natural horror films, Films about spiders, Films about insects, Films based on plays
Actors Ashley Judd, Michael Shannon, Viola Lynn Collins, Brían F. O'Byrne, Harry Connick
Rating61% 3.050043.050043.050043.050043.05004
Agnes White is a waitress at a gay bar living in a run-down motel in rural Oklahoma. Unable to move on from the disappearance of her son some years previously, she engages in drug and alcohol binges with her lesbian friend, R.C. Lately, she has been plagued by silent telephone calls that she believes are being made by her abusive ex-husband, Jerry Goss, who has recently been released from prison.
The Hunted
The Hunted (2003)
, 1h34
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Thriller, Action, Adventure, Crime
Themes Transport films, Political films, Road movies, Chase films
Actors Tommy Lee Jones, Benicio del Toro, Connie Nielsen, Leslie Stefanson, John Finn, Ron Canada
Rating61% 3.050033.050033.050033.050033.05003
U.S. Army Sergeant First Class Aaron Hallam (Benicio del Toro), a former United States clandestine operator, is introduced initially as the focus of the story. He is shown to have performed extraordinarily courageous and savage tasks in the course of government service. These actions leave the sensitive and intelligent Hallam conflicted and it is portrayed that he was either set up, or that the government was at some point later dissatisfied with the results of his further assignments.
Rules of Engagement, 2h8
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Action, Adventure, Historical
Themes Political films, United States Armed Forces in films
Actors Tommy Lee Jones, Samuel L. Jackson, Guy Pearce, Ben Kingsley, Bruce Greenwood, Anne Archer
Rating63% 3.1987753.1987753.1987753.1987753.198775
Operation Kingfisher, a disastrous American advance in the Vietnam War has 2nd Lt. Terry Childers (Samuel L. Jackson) executing an unarmed prisoner in order to intimidate a Vietnam People's Army officer into calling off an ambush of U.S. Marines. His act thereby saves the life of wounded 2nd Lt. Hays Hodges (Tommy Lee Jones).
12 Angry Men, 1h57
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Crime
Actors Jack Lemmon, George C. Scott, Tony Danza, Hume Cronyn, Edward James Olmos, Ossie Davis
Rating78% 3.9482153.9482153.9482153.9482153.948215
When the final closing arguments have been presented to the judge, she gives her instructions to the jury, all of whom are men. In the United States, the verdict in criminal cases must be unanimous. A non-unanimous verdict results in a hung jury which in turn forces a mistrial. The question they are deciding is whether the defendant, a teenage boy from a city slum, murdered his father. The jury is further instructed that a guilty verdict will be accompanied by a mandatory death sentence. (Under current American criminal law, a defendant must first be found guilty, and then the jury in the sentencing phase must find an aggravating circumstance and unanimously agree to recommend the death penalty, if the state has the death penalty.) The jury of twelve retires to the jury room where they begin to become acquainted with each other's personalities and discuss the case.
Jade
Jade (1995)
, 1h31
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Action, Romance, Erotic thriller
Themes Films about sexuality, Erotic films, LGBT-related films, Films about prostitution, Serial killer films, Erotic thriller films, LGBT-related film
Actors David Caruso, Linda Fiorentino, Chazz Palminteri, Richard Crenna, Angie Everhart, Michael Biehn
Rating53% 2.6508052.6508052.6508052.6508052.650805
San Francisco Assistant District Attorney David Corelli (Caruso) is called to the murder scene of prominent businessman Kyle Medford, found stabbed to death in his home by an antique hatchet. Police detectives Bob Hargrove and Petey Vesko find photographs in Medford's safe of Governor Lew Edwards (Crenna) having sex with a prostitute, later identified as Patrice Jacinto. During questioning, Patrice reveals that she and other women were paid by Medford to have sex with wealthy men at his beach house in Pacifica. She also informs them that the most desired prostitute among the clients was a woman known only as "Jade.
Blue Chips
Blue Chips (1994)
, 1h48
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Themes Sports films, Basketball films
Actors Nick Nolte, Shaquille O'Neal, Mary McDonnell, J. T. Walsh, Alfre Woodard, Ed O'Neill
Rating61% 3.099683.099683.099683.099683.09968
Pete Bell (Nolte), a college basketball coach for the fictional Western University Dolphins, is under a lot of pressure. His team isn't winning as often as it once did and his successful program needs to attract new star players and fast. But the brightest stars of the future — the so-called "blue-chip" prospects — are secretly being paid by other schools.
Jailbreakers, 1h16
Directed by William Friedkin
Genres Drama
Actors Shannen Doherty, Antonio Sabàto, Jr., Vince Edwards, Adrienne Barbeau, Adrien Brody, Sean Whalen
Rating51% 2.5837552.5837552.5837552.5837552.583755
The film takes place in the 1950s. Angel is a 15-year-old cheerleader who has her life all ahead of her. She falls in love with Tony Falcon, a drug dealing high school drop-out. A nighttime outing leads to trouble and Angel and Tony are caught. Although Tony is the only one who is sent to jail, Angel has it very hard as well. She is estranged from her parents and her friends refuse ever to talk to her. The family think it's for the best for them to move to new surroundings.
The Guardian, 1h32
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Horror
Actors Jenny Seagrove, Carey Lowell, Dwier Brown, Miguel Ferrer, Brad Hall, Natalija (Natalia) Nogulich
Rating54% 2.7016352.7016352.7016352.7016352.701635
The opening cards explain that ancient druids worshiped trees, sometimes offering them human sacrifices. Some of these trees were connected with evil.
Rampage
Rampage (1987)
, 1h37
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Crime
Themes Serial killer films, Films based on plays
Actors Michael Biehn, Nicholas Campbell, Alex McArthur, Deborah Van Valkenburgh, John Harkins, Art LaFleur
Rating63% 3.150373.150373.150373.150373.15037
Charles Reece is a serial killer who commits a number of brutal mutilation-slayings in order to drink blood as a result of paranoid delusions.
To Live and Die in L.A., 1h56
Directed by William Friedkin
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Action, Crime
Themes Transport films, Road movies, Chase films, Faux-monnayeur
Actors William Petersen, Willem Dafoe, John Pankow, Darlanne Fluegel, Debra Feuer, John Turturro
Rating72% 3.648623.648623.648623.648623.64862
Richard Chance and Jimmy Hart are United States Secret Service agents assigned as counterfeiting investigators in its Los Angeles field office. Chance has a reputation for reckless behavior, while Hart is three days away from retirement. Alone, Hart stakes out a warehouse in the desert thought to be a print house of counterfeiter Rick Masters. After Masters and Jack, his bodyguard, kill Hart, Chance explains to his new partner, John Vukovich, that he will take Masters down no matter what.