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James Horner is a Actor, Sound and Thanks American born on 14 august 1953 at Los Angeles (USA)

James Horner

James Horner
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Birth name James Roy Horner
Nationality USA
Birth 14 august 1953 at Los Angeles (USA)
Death 22 june 2015 (at 61 years)
Awards Grammy Award

James Roy Horner (born August 14, 1953) is an American composer, conductor, and orchestrator of orchestral and film music. He is noted for the integration of choral and electronic elements in many of his film scores, and for frequent use of Celtic musical elements. His score to the 1997 film Titanic remains the best selling orchestral film soundtrack of all time.

In addition, Horner has scored over 100 films, frequently collaborating with acclaimed directors such as James Cameron, Mel Gibson and Ron Howard. Other scores he worked on include those of Commando, Titanic, Braveheart, Willow, Apollo 13, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, Cocoon, Legends of the Fall, Aliens, Glory, The Mask of Zorro, Field of Dreams, Enemy at the Gates, Casper, Troy, Bicentennial Man, The Rocketeer, A Beautiful Mind, Mighty Joe Young, The Perfect Storm, Deep Impact, Avatar, and more recently, The Amazing Spider-Man.

Horner has won two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, three Satellite Awards, three Saturn Awards, and has been nominated for three British Academy Film Awards. His body of work is also notable for including the scores to the two highest-grossing films of all time: Titanic (1997) and Avatar (2009), both of which were directed by James Cameron.

Biography

Enfance
James Horner, fils d'un couple d'immigrés autrichiens, Joan (née Fraenkel) et Harry Horner.

Ce dernier exerçait des fonctions de chef décorateur, scénariste et occasionnellement réalisateur de film.

Il commença à jouer du piano à l'âge de cinq ans puis passa ses jeunes années à Londres où il fréquenta le Royal College of Music. Il rejoignit plus tard le lycée de Verde Valley à Sedona en Arizona. Il obtint ensuite un diplôme de premier cycle à l'université de Californie du Sud puis un master. Il commença alors à travailler son doctorat à l'université de Californie à Los Angeles où il étudia entre autres avec Paul Chihara. Après plusieurs compositions pour l'American Film Institute au cours des années 1970, il cessa d'enseigner la théorie musicale à l'UCLA et se tourna vers la composition de bandes originales.


Œuvre
En 1979, James Horner compose sa première musique de film pour Les Mercenaires de l'espace réalisé par Jimmy T. Murakami, produit par Roger Corman. En 1982, il crée la musique originale du film Star Trek 2 : La Colère de Khan, devenant ainsi un compositeur de première importance.

Parmi ses œuvres fondatrices, il faut citer les partitions de Brainstorm, La Foire des ténèbres et Krull, toutes trois composées en 1983 et qui l'amènent très vite à travailler sur de grosses productions telles que Aliens, le retour de James Cameron ou bien encore Le Nom de la rose de Jean-Jacques Annaud en 1986.

Son style musical s'affirme avec la partition de Glory en 1989 puis Les Experts en 1992, où il s'oriente vers une orchestration plus mesurée et subtile. À ce titre, l'une de ses plus belles réussites est sa composition pour le film Braveheart en 1995, qui lui vaut une reconnaissance publique et un succès critique.

En 1997, il compose la musique de Titanic ainsi que la chanson titre My Heart Will Go On chantée par Céline Dion, qui bat le record précédent en restant 16 semaines à la première place du Top 200 des albums de Billboard, et qui lui vaut un Oscar de la meilleure musique en 1998. La bande originale du film s'est vendue a plus de 30 millions d'exemplaires dans le monde.

Il a à son actif plus de 150 musiques de films parmi lesquels Cocoon, Willow, Apollo 13 (Ron Howard), Le Masque de Zorro (Martin Campbell), Troie (Wolfgang Petersen), et plus récemment le blockbuster Avatar pour lequel il collabore une nouvelle fois avec James Cameron.

Après son éviction de Roméo et Juliette (2013) au terme de l'enregistrement de la musique et sa non-reconduction sur la franchise The Amazing Spider-Man, James Horner pris un peu de recul par rapport au cinéma. Il profite de cette année sabbatique pour se consacrer à des œuvres de concert (dont un double concerto pour violoncelle et orchestre créé en première mondiale le 12 novembre 2014 par Mari et Hakon Samuelsen avec l'Orchestre philharmonique royal de Liverpool placé sous la direction de Vasily Petrenko) puis préparer le concert Titanic qui a lieu en première mondiale les 13, 14 et 15 mars 2015 au KKL de Lucerne en Suisse, puis le 27 avril 2015 au Royal Albert Hall de Londres.


Controverses

L'œuvre de James Horner fait débat dans la communauté de la musique de films, certains de ses détracteurs l'accusant de plagier certains compositeurs classiques comme Sergueï Prokofiev ou Dmitri Chostakovitch, voire ses contemporains (Jerry Goldsmith), ainsi que cela lui était demandé par les producteurs des films en question, notamment au début de sa carrière, influence dont il s'émancipa assez rapidement.

La musique pour Willow est un exemple à charge : Willow's Theme ressemble ostensiblement au début du premier mouvement de la Symphonie n 3 en mi bémol majeur de Robert Schumann. Introduit dans Escape from the Tavern, le thème est orchestré dans un style musical évoquant celui des compositions de Erich Wolfgang Korngold pour les scènes d'action des films de cape et d'épée des années 1940. Le thème joué à la flute dans Elora Danan est emprunté à Mir Stanke le (Chant de moisson thrace), popularisé par le chœur Le Mystère des voix bulgares. Ces « emprunts » ne sont pas crédités au générique du film, ce sont pourtant ces deux thèmes que l'on retient de la musique du film.

D'autres ne voient en lui qu'un compositeur répétant à l'infini les mêmes techniques de composition, comme l'utilisation qu'il fait des quatre mêmes notes pour représenter le danger, surnommé le « Danger Motif » lui-même emprunté à la Symphonie No. 1 Op.13 en Ré mineur de Sergueï Rachmaninov (et que l'on peut retrouver dans Willow, Troie, En pleine tempête, Stalingrad, Le Masque de Zorro, Avatar ou Titanic). Dans le même ordre d'idées, certains passages musicaux du film 48 heures sont repris quasiment à l'identique dans Commando ou Danger immédiat.

Pour ses partisans, il s'agit en revanche de développer et parfaire des idées de composition, la différence notable avec ses confrères étant que James Horner n'hésite pas, de façon cyclique, à poursuivre et parfaire ses idées de film en film, parfois jusqu'à l'obsession comme en atteste le recours fréquent aux quatre notes, déclamées comme une métaphore de la mort ou du châtiment.


Décès
Considéré comme un pilote expérimenté, James Horner se tue le 22 juin 2015 dans le crash de l'un de ses avions dans la banlieue de Los Angeles. Le dernier film sur lequel il a contribué, Les Sept Mercenaires du réalisateur Antoine Fuqua, lui est d'ailleurs dédié.

Les projets sur lesquels il devait travailler sont alors confiés à d'autres compositeurs, notamment John Debney et Rupert Gregson-Williams pour le film Tu ne tueras point, réalisé par Mel Gibson. James Horner devait également poursuivre sa collaboration avec le réalisateur James Cameron sur les quatre suites du film Avatar prévues entre 2018 et 2023.

Best films

Avatar (2009)
(Music)
Titanic (1997)
(Original Music Composer)
The Amazing Spider-Man (2012)
(Original Music Composer)
Troy (2004)
(Conductor)
The Karate Kid (2010)
(Original Music Composer)
Apollo 13 (1995)
(Orchestrator)

Usually with

Frank Welker
Frank Welker
(18 films)
James Cameron
James Cameron
(5 films)
Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(8 films)
Roger Carel
Roger Carel
(13 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of James Horner (140 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, 1h53
Directed by Nicholas Meyer
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Thriller, Action, Adventure
Themes Space adventure films, Monde imaginaire, Dans l'espace, Sur une planète fictive, Films set in the future, Films about extraterrestrial life, Political films, Space opera, Films about extraterrestrial life
Actors William Shatner, Ricardo Montalbán, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, James Doohan, George Takei
Rating76% 3.8481953.8481953.8481953.8481953.848195
In the year 2285, Admiral James T. Kirk oversees a simulator session of Captain Spock's trainees. In the simulation, Lieutenant Saavik commands the starship USS Enterprise on a rescue mission to save the crew of a damaged ship. When the Enterprise enters the Klingon Neutral Zone to reach the ship it is attacked by Klingon cruisers and critically damaged. The simulation is named the "Kobayashi Maru"—a no-win scenario designed to test the character of Starfleet officers. Later, Dr. McCoy joins Kirk on his birthday; seeing Kirk in low spirits, the doctor advises Kirk to get a new command and not grow old behind a desk.

Sound

The Magnificent Seven, 2h13
Directed by Antoine Fuqua
Origin USA
Genres Action, Adventure, Crime, Western
Actors Denzel Washington, Chris Pratt, Ethan Hawke, Vincent D'Onofrio, Jason Momoa, Luke Grimes
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating68% 3.4429253.4429253.4429253.4429253.442925
1879, à Rose Creek. L’industriel Bartholomew « Bart » Bogue arrive avec l'intention d'acheter aux habitants leurs terres à bas prix et d'exploiter la mine d'or proche de la ville. Aidé de ses hommes de main, Bogue terrorise les habitants en abattant quelques uns d'entre eux, dont Matthew Cullen, et en faisant incendier l'église. L’homme d’affaires sans scrupule se retire ensuite à Sacramento, durant trois semaines, le temps que les habitants se décident. Alors que la veuve Emma Cullen rencontre le chasseur de primes Sam Chisolm dans une ville voisine, elle lui réclame son aide. Ce dernier accepte. Afin de fonder une équipe, il recrute aussitôt six hommes de divers horizons : Josh Faraday, Goodnight Robicheaux, Jack Horne, Billy Rocks, Manuel Vasquez et Red Harvest. Après avoir éliminé la garde de Bogue laissée à Rose Creek, les sept mercenaires décident d'entraîner les habitants pour les préparer à résister au retour de Bogue et ses hommes.
Wolf Totem
Wolf Totem (2015)
, 1h55
Directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud
Origin Chine
Genres Drama, Adventure, Historical
Themes Films about animals, Politique, Wolves in film, Political films, Mise en scène d'un mammifère
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating66% 3.346853.346853.346853.346853.34685
En 1967, lors de la « 2e année de la Révolution culturelle », le jeune étudiant chinois Chen Zhen est envoyé pour 2 ans en Mongolie-Intérieure pour enseigner et apporter la culture à une tribu de bergers nomades. Là-bas, il capture alors un louveteau pour l’apprivoiser. Alors qu'une relation se développe entre lui et l'animal, les loups sont menacés par un officier du gouvernement qui décide par tous les moyens d’éliminer les loups de la région.
Fathers and Daughters, 1h56
Directed by Gabriele Muccino
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Melodrama
Actors Russell Crowe, Aaron Paul, Diane Kruger, Amanda Seyfried, Quvenzhané Wallis, Janet McTeer
Rating70% 3.549653.549653.549653.549653.54965
Un célèbre écrivain veuf découvre qu'il est gravement malade alors qu'il tente d'éduquer sa fille unique. 25 ans plus tard, celle-ci tente de se réconcilier avec son enfance.
The 33
The 33 (2015)
, 2h
Directed by Patricia Riggen
Origin Chili
Genres Drama, Historical
Themes Seafaring films
Actors Antonio Banderas, Rodrigo Santoro, Juliette Binoche, James Brolin, Lou Diamond Phillips, Gabriel Byrne
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating68% 3.4439653.4439653.4439653.4439653.443965
Several people from Copiapó, Chile, work in the San José mine. The owner ignores the warnings of the failing stability of the mine, which collapses a short time later. The only path inside the mine is completely blocked, and the thirty three miners manage to get to the rescue chamber. They discover that the radio is useless, the medical kit is empty, the ventilation shafts lacked the required ladders, and there was very little stored food. Mario Sepulveda becomes the leader of the miners, dividing the food in rations and stopping the outbursts of violence or despair. The mine does not attempt any rescue, and the relatives of the miners gather around the gates.
Southpaw
Southpaw (2015)
, 2h3
Directed by Antoine Fuqua
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Action
Themes Medical-themed films, Films about drugs, Sports films, Martial arts films, Boxing films, Le boxe anglaise
Actors Rachel McAdams, Jake Gyllenhaal, Lupita Nyong’o, Forest Whitaker, Naomie Harris, Rita Ora
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating73% 3.6999753.6999753.6999753.6999753.699975
Billy Hope (Jake Gyllenhaal) is a boxer who lives in New York City with his wife Maureen (Rachel McAdams) and their daughter Leila (Oona Laurence). During a match in which he defends his World Light Heavyweight title, Billy sustains an eye injury and is convinced by Maureen to retire while he's at the top. At a charity event for the orphanage where he and his wife both grew up, Billy is taunted by an up-and-coming boxer, Miguel "Magic" Escobar, leading to a brawl in which Maureen is accidentally shot and killed by Miguel's brother Hector, who flees.
Ender's Game, 1h54
Directed by Gavin Hood
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, War, Fantasy, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about animals, Space adventure films, Films about computing, Jeu, Films based on science fiction novels, Films set in the future, Films about insects, Films about extraterrestrial life, Space opera, Children's films, Films about extraterrestrial life, Alien invasions in films, Disaster films
Actors Asa Butterfield, Harrison Ford, Ben Kingsley, Moisés Arias, Aramis Knight, Hailee Steinfeld
Roles Music
Rating65% 3.299993.299993.299993.299993.29999
In the future, humanity is preparing to launch an attack on the homeworld of an alien race called the Formics who had attacked Earth and killed millions. Over the course of fifty years, gifted children are trained by the International Fleet to become commanders of a new fleet for this counter-attack.
The Amazing Spider-Man, 2h16
Directed by Marc Webb
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Thriller, Fantastic, Fantasy, Action, Adventure
Themes L'adolescence, Films about animals, Films about education, Films about children, Films about computing, Films about spiders, Spider-Man films, Superhero films, L'enfance marginalisée, Cyberpunk films, Super-héros inspiré de comics, Children's films, Films about school violence
Actors Andrew Garfield, Emma Stone, Rhys Ifans, Campbell Scott, Denis Leary, Irrfan Khan
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating68% 3.4467253.4467253.4467253.4467253.446725
A young Peter Parker discovers his father Richard Parker's study has been burgled. Gathering up hidden documents, Peter's parents take him to the home of his Aunt May and Uncle Ben, then mysteriously depart.
For Greater Glory: The True Story of Cristiada, 2h25
Directed by Dean Wright
Origin Mexique
Genres Drama, War, Historical
Themes Films about religion
Actors Andy García, Eva Longoria, Eduardo Verástegui, Peter O'Toole, Bruce Greenwood, Oscar Isaac
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating65% 3.297573.297573.297573.297573.29757
The film opens with screen titles describing the anti-Catholic provisions of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. Civil war erupts when newly elected Mexican president, Plutarco Elías Calles (Rubén Blades), begins a violent and relentless crackdown against the country's Catholic faithful. The film depicts the carnage by showing churches being set on fire, Catholic priests murdered and countless faithful peasants killed, then having their bodies publicly hang on telegraph poles as a warning to others.
Black Gold
Black Gold (2011)
, 2h9
Directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud
Origin France
Genres Drama, Adventure
Themes Films about religion, Films about Islam, Le désert
Actors Tahar Rahim, Mark Strong, Antonio Banderas, Freida Pinto, Riz Ahmed, Corey Johnson
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating66% 3.3472853.3472853.3472853.3472853.347285
In the early 20th century, Emir Nesib (Antonio Banderas), Sultan of Hobeika, and Sultan Amar (Mark Strong) of Salmaah have been in a border war over a vast barren strip they call "The Yellow Belt". When Nesib wins he forces Amar to agree to a peace pact: the Yellow Belt will belong to neither, becoming a no-mans-land between their territories, and Emir Nesib will take Sultan Amar's sons, Saleh and Auda, as hostages. Amar reluctantly agrees, knowing the hostages are a sacred trust which binds Nesib as well. They both swear to the pact before God. Nesib promises to rear Amar's sons with his own children, Tariq and Leyla.
Taken from Me: The Tiffany Rubin Story, 1h27
Directed by Gary Harvey
Origin USA
Genres Drama
Actors Taraji P. Henson, Terry O'Quinn, Crystal Lowe, Beverly Todd, Peter Benson
Rating63% 3.1551253.1551253.1551253.1551253.155125
The film is based on the dramatic true story of Tiffany Rubin's daring 2008 rescue of her six-year-old son, Kobe, after he was abducted by his biological father and taken from his home in Queens, New York, all the way to Seoul, South Korea. At the urging of her mother Belzora, Tiffany seeks the counsel of Mark Miller (Terry O'Quinn) and his charitable organization, the American Association for Lost Children. With Mark's help, Tiffany is able to travel to Korea to execute a high-stakes plan to bring her son home.
The Karate Kid, 2h20
Directed by Harald Zwart
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Martial arts, Comedy-drama, Kung fu, Action, Adventure, Martial arts
Themes L'adolescence, Films about education, Films about children, Sports films, Martial arts films, L'enfance marginalisée, Kung fu films, Films about school violence
Actors Jackie Chan, Jaden Smith, Wenwen Han, Taraji P. Henson, Yu Rongguang, Wang Zhenwei
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating62% 3.1025153.1025153.1025153.1025153.102515
Twelve-year-old Dre Parker and his mother Sherry move from Detroit to Beijing after Sherry gets a job transfer at her car factory. After a day in a park, Dre develops a crush on a young violinist, Meiying, who reciprocates his attention, but Cheng, a rebellious kung fu prodigy whose family is close to Meiying's, attempts to keep them apart by violently attacking Dre, and later bullies him at school. During an attack, the maintenance man Mr. Han comes to Dre's aid, revealing himself as a kung fu master.
Avatar
Avatar (2009)
, 2h41
Directed by James Cameron
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Adventure
Themes Environmental films, Space adventure films, Monde imaginaire, Dans l'espace, Sur une planète fictive, Films set in the future, Films about extraterrestrial life, Films about disabilities, Space opera, Children's films, Films about extraterrestrial life, Mise en scène d'une plante
Actors Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodríguez, Joel Moore, Giovanni Ribisi
Roles Music
Rating75% 3.7564753.7564753.7564753.7564753.756475
By 2154, humans have depleted Earth's natural resources, leading to a severe energy crisis. The Resources Development Administration, RDA for short, mines for a valuable mineral – unobtanium – on Pandora, a densely forested habitable moon orbiting the gas giant Polyphemus in the Alpha Centauri star system. Pandora, whose atmosphere is poisonous to humans, is inhabited by the Na'vi, 10-foot tall (3.0 m), blue-skinned, sapient humanoids who live in harmony with nature and worship a mother goddess called Eywa.
The Spiderwick Chronicles, 1h31
Directed by Mark Waters
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Fantastic, Fantasy, Action, Adventure
Themes Films about magic and magicians, Films about music and musicians, Musical films, Children's films, Jumeaux ou jumelles
Actors Freddie Highmore, Sarah Bolger, Mary-Louise Parker, Martin Short, Nick Nolte, Ron Perlman
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating64% 3.249973.249973.249973.249973.24997
Recently divorced Helen Grace (Mary-Louise Parker) moves into the Spiderwick Estate with her children when it is given to her by her elderly aunt Lucinda (Joan Plowright), though identical twins Jared and Simon (Freddie Highmore) and their older sister Mallory (Sarah Bolger) do not want to move from the city. When Jared uncovers a dumbwaiter system behind a wall, Jared finds a monogrammed key and discovers the study of the late owner of the estate, Arthur Spiderwick (David Strathairn). Jared uses the key to open a chest. In it, he finds Spiderwick's field guide to faeries; although an attached note warns him not to read it, he does so anyway.
The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas, 1h34
Directed by David Heyman, Mark Herman
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Drama, War, Comedy-drama, Historical
Themes Films about children, Films about religion, Political films, Films about Jews and Judaism
Actors Asa Butterfield, David Thewlis, Jack Scanlon, Vera Farmiga, Rupert Friend, Amber Beattie
Roles Original Music Composer
Rating78% 3.901143.901143.901143.901143.90114
An 8-year-old boy named Bruno (Asa Butterfield) lives with his family in Berlin, in Nazi Germany during the Holocaust. He learns that his father Ralf (David Thewlis) has been promoted, due to which their family, including Bruno's mother Elsa (Vera Farmiga) and 12-year-old sister Gretel (Amber Beattie), relocate to the countryside. Bruno hates his new home as there is no one to play with and very little to explore. After commenting that he has spotted people working on what he thinks is a farm in the distance, he is also forbidden from playing in the back garden.