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Howard Hawks is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter, Producer, Assistant Director, Editor and Additional Writing American born on 30 may 1896 at Indiana (USA)

Howard Hawks

Howard Hawks
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Birth name Howard Winchester Hawks
Nationality USA
Birth 30 may 1896 at Indiana (USA)
Death 26 december 1977 (at 81 years) at Palm Springs (USA)

Howard Winchester Hawks (May 30, 1896 – December 26, 1977) was an American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era. He is popular for his films from a wide range of genres such as Scarface (1932), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939),
His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948), The Thing from Another World (1951), Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), and Rio Bravo (1959).

In 1942, Hawks was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director for Sergeant York, and in 1975 he was awarded an Honorary Academy Award as "a master American filmmaker whose creative efforts hold a distinguished place in world cinema."

Biography

Howard Winchester Hawks naît, le 30 mai 1896, à Goshen dans l'Indiana. Il est l’aîné des cinq enfants de Frank W. Hawks, industriel de l'Indiana et de Helen Brown Hawks, née Howard issue d'une riche famille d'industriels du papier dans le Wisconsin à Neenah. En 1910 sa famille s'installe définitivement à Pasadena en Californie où l'air, plus chaud, plus sec, convient mieux à sa mère qui souffre de l'asthme. Il fait des études à Pasadena jusqu'en 1912 puis rentre à l'Université Cornell (dans l'Etat de New York) où il obtient un diplôme d'ingénieur qui lui sera remis en 1918 alors qu'il sert sous les drapeaux. En 1916, il pilote une voiture de course mais un accident le détourne de cette activité alors en 1917, il commence à travailler comme accessoiriste dans la Famous Players-Lasky pour des films dont certains joués par Mary Pickford avant de rejoindre, pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, l'armée où on l'utilise comme instructeur dans l'aviation militaire. Aussi ses films mettant en scène des aviateurs et des pilotes de course ont un cachet d'authenticité.

Après la guerre, il exerce divers petits métiers, monteur, assistant, et s'installe à Hollywood où il est colocataire d'une maison où logent Allan Dwan et Irving Thalberg qui le recommande à Jesse Lasky en 1923. Ce dernier recherchait quelqu'un pour diriger l'écriture des scénarios: Hawks signe le contrat qui le rend directeur littéraire pendant deux ans de la Famous Players-Lasky qui s'appellera ensuite Paramount. Il écrit son premier scénario, Tiger Love en 1924 mais en 1926 rejoint la Twentieth Century Fox où il dirige son premier film The Road to Glory. Après huit films muets, il passe au parlant avec le film La Patrouille de l'aube en 1930.

Parmi ses films, nombreux sont ceux qui ont fait date dans l'histoire du cinéma, comme L'Impossible Monsieur Bébé avec Cary Grant, Le Grand Sommeil avec Humphrey Bogart et Lauren Bacall, Les hommes préfèrent les blondes avec Marilyn Monroe, ou Rio Bravo avec John Wayne.

Il meurt le 26 décembre 1977 à Palm Springs en Californie, des séquelles d'une chute, le lendemain du décès de Charles Chaplin.

Ses cendres furent dispersées dans le désert autour de Calimesa (Californie).

Le 8 février 1960, il obtient son étoile sur le Walk of Fame au 1708 Vine Street.

Best films

Scarface (1983)
(Writer)
The French Connection (1971)
(Scriptwriter)
Sergeant York (1941)
(Director)
Hatari! (1962)
(Director)
Red River (1948)
(Director)
El Dorado (1966)
(Director)

Usually with

Seton I. Miller
Seton I. Miller
(10 films)
Ben Hecht
Ben Hecht
(11 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Howard Hawks (61 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies, 3h45
Directed by Martin Scorsese
Origin USA
Genres Documentary
Themes Films about films, Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the film industry, Documentaire sur une personnalité
Actors Martin Scorsese, Kathryn Bigelow, Frank Capra, John Cassavetes, Francis Ford Coppola, Brian De Palma
Roles Himself
Rating85% 4.291264.291264.291264.291264.29126
Martin Scorsese, célèbre réalisateur américain, énumère les films américains qui l'ont marqué et qui ont influencé son œuvre. Son voyage à travers le cinéma commence au début du siècle pour se terminer en 1969, date de son premier film : Who's That Knocking at My Door.
Scarface
Scarface (1932)
, 1h29
Directed by Richard Rosson, Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Thriller, Mob film, Action, Adventure, Crime
Themes Films about families, Films about immigration, Mafia films, Seafaring films, Transport films, Gangster films
Actors Paul Muni, George Raft, Ann Dvorak, Karen Morley, Boris Karloff, Osgood Perkins
Roles Man on Bed (uncredited)
Rating77% 3.897363.897363.897363.897363.89736
In 1920s Chicago, Italian immigrant Antonio "Tony" Camonte (Paul Muni) acts on the orders of Italian mafioso John "Johnny" Lovo (Osgood Perkins) and kills "Big" Louis Costillo (Harry J. Vejar), the leading crime boss of the city's South Side. Johnny then takes control of the South Side with Tony as his key lieutenant, selling large amounts of illegal beer to speakeasies and muscling in on bars run by rival outfits. However, Johnny repeatedly warns Tony not to mess with the Irish gangs led by O'Hara who runs the North Side. Tony soon starts ignoring these orders, shooting up bars belonging to O'Hara, and attracting the attention of the police and rival gangsters. Johnny realizes that Tony is out of control and has ambitions to take his position.
The Dawn Patrol, 1h48
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Action
Themes Transport films, Aviation films, Political films
Actors Richard Barthelmess, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., Neil Hamilton, Frank McHugh, Clyde Wilfred Cook, James Finlayson
Roles German Pilot (uncredited)
Rating71% 3.594233.594233.594233.594233.59423
During World War I, the pilots of an RFC squadron deal with the stress of combat primarily through nightly bouts of heavy drinking. The two aces of the squadron's "A Flight", Courtney (Richard Barthelmess) and Scott (Douglas Fairbanks Jr), have come to hate the commanding officer, Brand (Neil Hamilton), blaming him for sending new recruits directly into combat in inferior aircraft.

Director

Rio Lobo
Rio Lobo (1970)
, 1h54
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Action, Western
Themes Political films
Actors John Wayne, Jennifer O'Neill, Jorge Rivero, Jack Elam, Christopher Mitchum, Victor French
Rating67% 3.3969753.3969753.3969753.3969753.396975
The film opens during the American Civil War. Col. Cord McNally (John Wayne) has instructions telegraphed to his close friend, Lt. Ned Forsythe (Peter Jason), in charge of the Union troops on a Union army payroll train. However, Confederates led by Capt. Pierre Cordona (Jorge Rivero) and Sgt. Tuscarora Phillips (Christopher Mitchum) hijack the train. They have an elegant plan of listening in on the telegraph wires, greasing the tracks to stop the train, disconnecting the payroll wagon from the engine so it would roll back down the hill, using a hornet's nest to force the Union guards to jump off the train, then catching the train with many ropes tied to trees. In the process, Lt. Forsythe is fatally injured.
El Dorado
El Dorado (1966)
, 2h6
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Action, Adventure, Western
Themes Films about alcoholism, Medical-themed films, Films about drugs
Actors John Wayne, Robert Mitchum, James Caan, Arthur Hunnicutt, Charlene Holt, Paul Fix
Rating75% 3.7981753.7981753.7981753.7981753.798175
Cole Thornton (John Wayne), a gunslinger-for-hire, is hired by wealthy rancher Bart Jason (Ed Asner) to help him in a range war with the McDonald family in the town of El Dorado. The local sheriff, an old friend of Thornton, J. P. Harrah (Robert Mitchum) gives Cole more details that Jason had deliberately left out, including the possibility of having to side against Harrah. Unwilling to fight his friend, Thornton quits, to the relief of saloon owner Maudie (Charlene Holt), who is in love with Thornton (and was for a time a romantic interest of Harrah's).
Red Line 7000, 1h50
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy-drama, Action
Themes Sports films, Transport films, Films about automobiles, Auto racing films, Road movies, La NASCAR
Actors James Caan, Laura Devon, Charlene Holt, Marianna Hill, Teri Garr, Christian Brückner
Rating57% 2.8506552.8506552.8506552.8506552.850655
A racing team run by Pat Kazarian starts out with two drivers, Mike Marsh and Jim Loomis, but a crash at Daytona results in Jim's death. His girlfriend Holly McGregor arrives too late for the race and feels guilty for not being there.
Man's Favorite Sport?, 2h
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Romance
Themes Films about animals, Seafaring films, Transport films
Actors Rock Hudson, Paula Prentiss, Maria Perschy, Edy Williams, Norman Alden, John McGiver
Rating71% 3.596083.596083.596083.596083.59608
Roger Willoughby is a well-known fishing expert who works as a salesman for Abercrombie & Fitch Co. Abigail Page is a brash and flighty public relations woman. Page is determined to secure Willoughby's participation in a prestigious fishing tournament, only to discover that Willoughby is a phony—he's never fished in his life.
Hatari!
Hatari! (1962)
, 2h31
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Action, Adventure, Romance
Themes Films set in Africa, Films about animals, Mise en scène d'un éléphant, Mise en scène d'un mammifère
Actors John Wayne, Elsa Martinelli, Hardy Krüger, Red Buttons, Gérard Blain, Bruce Cabot
Rating71% 3.5956253.5956253.5956253.5956253.595625
Hatari! is the story of a group of adventurers in East Africa, engaged in the exciting and lucrative but dangerous business of catching wild animals for delivery to zoos around the world. As "Momella Game Ltd.", they operate from a compound near the town of Arusha. The head of the group is Sean Mercer (John Wayne); the others are safari veteran Little Wolf a/k/a "Indian" (Bruce Cabot), drivers "Pockets" (Red Buttons), and Kurt (Hardy Krüger), roper Luis (a Mexican former bullfighter; Valentin de Vargas), and Brandy (Michele Girardon), a young woman whose late father was a member of the group; she grew up there.
Rio Bravo
Rio Bravo (1959)
, 2h21
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Action, Romance, Western
Themes Films about alcoholism, Medical-themed films, Films about drugs, Buddy films
Actors John Wayne, Dean Martin, Angie Dickinson, Rick Nelson, Walter Brennan, Ward Bond
Rating79% 3.9990553.9990553.9990553.9990553.999055
In the town of Rio Bravo, Texas, sheriff's deputy Dude (Dean Martin), who has acquired the contemptuous nickname Borrachón ([bo.raˈtʃon], Spanish for "drunk"), enters a saloon but can't afford a drink. Joe Burdette (Claude Akins), brother of rancher Nathan Burdette, tosses a silver dollar into a spittoon. Presidio County, Texas Sheriff John T. Chance (John Wayne) appears and kicks the spittoon away, looking at Dude with disgust. Dude is shamed by his plight and takes out his anger on Chance, knocking him out with an ax handle. Joe begins punching Dude, then shoots and kills an unarmed bystander who tries to intervene.
Land of the Pharaohs, 1h39
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Historical, Peplum
Themes Films set in Africa
Actors Jack Hawkins, Joan Collins, James Robertson Justice, Dewey Martin, Sydney Chaplin, James Hayter
Rating65% 3.2966753.2966753.2966753.2966753.296675
In ancient Egypt, Pharaoh Khufu (Jack Hawkins) is obsessed with preparing his tomb for the "second life". Dissatisfied with his own architects' offerings, he enlists Vashtar (James Robertson Justice), an ingenious man whose devices nearly saved his own people from being conquered and enslaved by Khufu. Khufu offers to free Vashtar's people if he will build Khufu a robber-proof tomb - although Vashtar will have to die when the pyramid-tomb is completed, to guard its secrets. During the years that the pyramid is being built, Pharaoh demands tribute and labor from all his territories, amassing gold and treasures to be interred with him.
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, 1h27
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Musical theatre, Romantic comedy, Musical, Romance
Themes Films about music and musicians, Films about sexuality, Théâtre, Erotic films, Musical films, Films based on plays, Films based on musicals, Children's films
Actors Marilyn Monroe, Jane Russell, Charles Coburn, Elliott Reid, Marcel Dalio, Tommy Noonan
Rating72% 3.600573.600573.600573.600573.60057
Lorelei Lee (Marilyn Monroe) and Dorothy Shaw (Jane Russell) are American showgirls and best friends. Lorelei has a passion for diamonds, believing that attracting a rich husband is one of the few ways a woman can succeed economically. She is engaged to Gus Esmond (Tommy Noonan), a naive nerd willing to do or buy anything for her. However, Gus is under the control of his wealthy, upper-class father. Dorothy, on the other hand, is looking for a different kind of love, attracted only to men who are good-looking and fit.
Monkey Business, 1h32
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Thriller, Comedy, Romance
Themes Children's films
Actors Cary Grant, Ginger Rogers, Marilyn Monroe, Charles Coburn, Hugh Marlowe, Henri Letondal
Rating69% 3.497723.497723.497723.497723.49772
Dr. Barnaby Fulton (Cary Grant), an absent-minded research chemist for the Oxly chemical company, is trying to develop an elixir of youth. He is urged on by his commercially minded boss, Oliver Oxly (Charles Coburn). One of Dr. Fulton's chimpanzees, Esther, gets loose in the laboratory, mixes a beaker of chemicals, and pours the mix into the water cooler. The chemicals have the rejuvenating effect Fulton is seeking.
O. Henry's Full House, 1h57
Directed by Henry King, Henry Hathaway, Howard Hawks, Jean Negulesco, Henry Koster
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy
Themes Christmas films, Children's films
Actors Anne Baxter, Jeanne Crain, Farley Granger, Charles Laughton, Oscar Levant, Marilyn Monroe
Rating71% 3.5952953.5952953.5952953.5952953.595295
Voir ci-dessous les sections détaillées, les sketches n'ayant aucun rapport entre eux.
The Big Sky, 2h1
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Adventure, Western
Actors Kirk Douglas, Dewey Martin, Arthur Hunnicutt, Elizabeth Threatt, Steven Geray, Hank Worden
Rating69% 3.4970053.4970053.4970053.4970053.497005
In 1832, Jim Deakins (Kirk Douglas) is traveling in the wilderness when he encounters an initially hostile Boone Caudill (Dewey Martin). However, they soon become good friends. They head to the Missouri River in search of Boone's uncle, Zeb Calloway (Arthur Hunnicutt). They find him when they are tossed in jail for brawling with fur traders of the Missouri River Company. When 'Frenchy' Jourdonnais (Steven Geray) comes to bail Zeb out, Zeb talks him into paying for Jim and Boone too.
The Thing From Another World, 1h26
Directed by Howard Hawks
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Horror
Themes Films based on science fiction novels, Films about extraterrestrial life, Political films, Films about extraterrestrial life
Actors Margaret Sheridan, Kenneth Tobey, Douglas Spencer, Dewey Martin, Robert O. Cornthwaite, James Arness
Rating70% 3.547723.547723.547723.547723.54772
A United States Air Force crew is dispatched by General Fogerty (David McMahon) from Anchorage, Alaska at the request of Dr. Carrington (Robert Cornthwaite), the chief scientist of a North Pole scientific outpost. They have evidence that an unknown flying craft crashed nearby, so Reporter Ned Scott (Douglas Spencer) tags along for the story.