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John Huston is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter, Producer, Editor and Second Unit American born on 5 august 1906 at Nevada (USA)

John Huston

John Huston
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Birth name John Marcellus Huston
Nationality USA
Birth 5 august 1906 at Nevada (USA)
Death 28 august 1987 (at 81 years) at Middletown (USA)
Awards Academy Award for Best Director

John Marcellus Huston (August 5, 1906 – August 28, 1987) was an American film director, screenwriter and actor. He wrote the screenplays for most of the 37 feature films he directed, many of which are today considered classics: The Maltese Falcon (1941), The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948), Key Largo (1948), The Asphalt Jungle (1950), The African Queen (1951), Moulin Rouge (1952), The Misfits (1961), and The Man Who Would Be King (1975). During his 46-year career, Huston received 15 Oscar nominations, won twice, and directed both his father, Walter Huston, and daughter, Anjelica Huston, to Oscar wins in different films.

Huston was known to direct with the vision of an artist, having studied and worked as a fine art painter in Paris in his early years. He continued to explore the visual aspects of his films throughout his career: sketching each scene on paper beforehand, then carefully framing his characters during the shooting. While most directors rely on post-production editing to shape their final work, Huston instead created his films while they were being shot, making them both more economical and cerebral, with little editing needed.

Most of Huston's films were adaptations of important novels, often depicting a "heroic quest," as in Moby Dick, or The Red Badge of Courage. In many films, different groups of people, while struggling toward a common goal, would become doomed, forming "destructive alliances," giving the films a dramatic and visual tension. Many of his films involved themes such as religion, meaning, truth, freedom, psychology, colonialism and war.

Before becoming a Hollywood filmmaker, he had been an amateur boxer, reporter, short-story writer, portrait artist in Paris, a cavalry rider in Mexico, and a documentary filmmaker during World War II. Huston has been referred to as "a titan", "a rebel", and a "renaissance man" in the Hollywood film industry. Author Ian Freer describes him as "cinema's Ernest Hemingway"—a filmmaker who was "never afraid to tackle tough issues head on."


To producer George Stevens, Jr., Huston symbolized "intellect, charm and physical grace" within the film industry. He adds, "He was the most charismatic of the directors I knew, speaking with a soothing, melodic voice that was often mimicked, but was unique to him."

Huston loved the outdoors, especially sports such as hunting while living in Ireland. He claimed that he had no orthodox religion. Among his life's adventures before becoming a Hollywood filmmaker, he had been an amateur boxer, reporter, short-story writer, portrait artist in Paris, a cavalry rider in Mexico, and a documentary filmmaker during World War II. Besides sports and adventure, he enjoyed hard liquor and relationships with women of all types — one of the reasons he was married five times. Stevens describes him as someone who "lived life to its fullest". Barson even suggests that Huston's "flamboyant life" as a rebel would possibly make for "an even more engaging tale than most of his movies".

His daughter, Anjelica Huston notes that he did not like Hollywood, and "especially despised Beverly Hills ... he thought it was just fake from the ground up. He didn't like any of that; he was not intrigued or attracted by it." She notes that in contrast, "he liked to be in the wild places; he liked animals as much as he liked people."

He was married five times:

Dorothy Harvey (1906-1982) — This marriage ended after a year in 1926.
Lesley Black — It was during his marriage to Black that he embarked on an affair with married New York socialite Marietta FitzGerald. While her lawyer husband was helping the war effort, the pair were once rumoured to have made love so vigorously, they broke a friend's bed.
Evelyn Keyes (1916-2008) — The Hustons adopted a son Pablo, from Mexico.
Enrica Soma (1929-1969) — They had two children: a daughter, Anjelica Huston, and a son, Walter Antony "Tony" Huston, now an attorney and father of actor Jack Huston. Soma also had a daughter, Allegra Huston, as the result of an extramarital affair with John Julius Norwich; Huston treated the girl as one of his own children following Soma's death four years later.
Celeste Shane — In his autobiography, An Open Book, Huston refers to her as a "crocodile", and states only that if he had his life to do over, he would not marry a fifth time.
Four of his marriages ended in divorce. His fourth wife, Enrica Soma, died in a car accident in 1969, while they were married. In addition to his children with Soma, he fathered a son, actor Danny Huston, with author Zoe Sallis.

Among his friends were Orson Welles and Ernest Hemingway. Humphrey Bogart was one of his best friends and Huston delivered the eulogy at his funeral.

Huston visited Ireland in 1951 and stayed at Luggala, County Wicklow, the home of Garech Browne, a member of the Guinness family. He visited Ireland several times afterwards and on one of these visits he purchased and restored a Georgian home, St Clerans, of Craughwell, County Galway. Between 1960 and 1971 he served as Master of Fox Hounds (MFH) of the County Galway Hunt – the famous "Galway Blazers" – whose kennels are at Craughwell. He renounced his U.S. citizenship and became an Irish citizen in 1964. His daughter Anjelica attended school in Ireland at Kylemore Abbey for a number of years. A film school is now dedicated to him on the NUIG campus.

Huston was an accomplished painter who wrote in his autobiography, "Nothing has played a more important role in my life". As a young man he studied at the Smith School of Art in Los Angeles but dropped out within a few months. He later studied at the Art Students League of New York. He painted throughout his life and had studios in each of his homes. He had owned a wide collection of art, including a notable collection of Pre-Columbian art.

A heavy smoker, he was diagnosed with emphysema in 1978. By the last year of his life he could not breathe for more than twenty minutes without needing oxygen. He died on August 28, 1987 in his rented home in Middletown, Rhode Island from pneumonia as a complication of lung disease. Huston is interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood with his mother.

Best films

Annie (1982)
Chinatown (1974)
Prizzi's Honor (1985)
Sergeant York (1941)
The Night of the Iguana (1964)
The African Queen (1952)

Usually with

Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(10 films)
Russell Lloyd
Russell Lloyd
(11 films)
Oswald Morris
Oswald Morris
(9 films)
Source : Wikidata

Filmography of John Huston (103 films)

Display filmography as list


The Other Side of the Wind, 2h2
Directed by Orson Welles
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy
Actors John Huston, Peter Bogdanovich, Norman Foster, Lilli Palmer, Robert Random, Joseph McBride
Roles J.J. "Jake" Hannaford
Rating66% 3.349613.349613.349613.349613.34961
Un vieux réalisateur, J.J. Hannaford, mélange de John Ford et d'Ernest Hemingway fait son retour à Hollywood après plusieurs années d'exil en Europe. Il est en train de finir un nouveau film avec lequel il veut mettre au défi, sur le terrain, « toute la palette du jeune cinéma américain, depuis les cinéphiles mélancoliques jusqu'à Andy Warhol ». Une fête est organisée en son honneur dans son ranch par tout le gratin hollywoodien à l'occasion de son soixante-dixième anniversaire. Cette soirée se terminera par la mort du réalisateur au volant de la voiture de sport qu'il voulait offrir à son acteur favori, sans que l'on sache s'il s'agit d'un accident ou d'un suicide.
Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff, 1h26
Origin United-kingdom
Genres Documentary
Themes Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the visual arts, Documentary films about the film industry, Documentaire sur une personnalité
Actors Marlene Dietrich, Jack Cardiff, Martin Scorsese, Orson Welles, Leslie Caron, Kirk Douglas
Roles Self (archive footage)
Rating76% 3.832583.832583.832583.832583.83258
En 2001, Jack Cardiff (1914-2009) est devenu le premier directeur de la photographie de l'histoire des Oscars à recevoir un Oscar d'honneur. Mais la première fois qu'il a serré la célèbre statuette dans sa main, c'était un demi-siècle plus tôt, lorsque son travail de caméra en Technicolor avait été récompensé pour le Narcisse noir de Powell et Pressburger. Au-delà de The African Queen de John Huston et de War and Peace de King Vidor, les films du duo créatif britannico-hongrois (The Red Shoes et A Matter of Life and Death également) garantissent l'immortalité au célèbre caméraman dont la carrière s'étend sur soixante-dix ans.
Momo (1986)
, 1h41
Directed by Johannes Schaaf
Origin German
Genres Science fiction, Comedy, Fantasy
Themes Children's films
Actors Sylvester Groth, Mario Adorf, Armin Mueller-Stahl, Leopoldo Trieste, Ninetto Davoli, John Huston
Roles Meister Hora
Rating65% 3.2545253.2545253.2545253.2545253.254525
In the ruins of an amphitheatre just outside an unnamed Italian city lives Momo, a little girl of mysterious origin. She is remarkable in the neighbourhood because she has the extraordinary ability to listen—really listen. By simply being with people and listening to them, she can help them find answers to their problems, make up with each other, and think of fun games.
The Black Cauldron, 1h20
Directed by Ted Berman, Richard Rich
Origin USA
Genres Fantasy, Adventure, Musical, Animation
Themes Films about magic and magicians, Films about dragons, Witches in film, Musical films, Children's films
Actors Susan Sheridan, Nigel Hawthorne, John Byner, John Hurt, Freddie Jones, Arthur Malet
Roles Narrator (voice)
Rating63% 3.151863.151863.151863.151863.15186
In the land of Prydain, Taran is an "assistant pig-keeper" on the small farm of Caer Dallben, home of Dallben the Enchanter. Dallben learns that the Horned King is searching for a mystical relic known as the Black Cauldron, which is capable of creating an invincible army of undead warriors, the “Cauldron Born”. Dallben fears the Horned King may try to steal his pig Hen Wen, which has oracular powers, and use her to locate the cauldron. Dallben directs Taran to take Hen Wen to safety; unfortunately, Taran's daydreaming causes Hen Wen to be captured by the Horned King's forces.
Epic (1985)

Directed by Yoram Gross
Genres Animation
Actors John Huston, Robyn Moore, Ross Higgins, Benita Collings, Keith Scott
Roles The Narrator (US version)
Rating57% 2.882022.882022.882022.882022.88202
Lovesick (1983)
, 1h35
Directed by Marshall Brickman
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Romantic comedy, Fantasy, Romance
Actors Dudley Moore, Elizabeth McGovern, Alec Guinness, Christine Baranski, Wallace Shawn, Ron Silver
Roles Larry Geller, M.D.
Rating52% 2.6080852.6080852.6080852.6080852.608085
Psychologist Saul Benjamin takes on a patient temporarily as a favor to a colleague friend, Otto Jaffe, who is infatuated with her. After her doctor dies, Chloe Allen comes to see Dr. Benjamin and immediately he is smitten with her, too.
Cannery Row, 2h
Directed by David S. Ward
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy-drama, Romance
Actors Nick Nolte, Debra Winger, Audra Lindley, Frank McRae, M. Emmet Walsh, Rosanna DeSoto
Roles Narrator
Rating65% 3.295953.295953.295953.295953.29595
The story is about the skid row citizens of Monterey, California, set during World War II. As declining fish stocks are shutting down a previously rich fishery and the dependent canning industry, bums and hookers lead colorful and adventurous lives in a balmy seaside setting.
Annie (1982)
, 2h6
Directed by John Huston
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama, Musical theatre, Musical
Themes Films about adoption, Films about children, Films about music and musicians, Théâtre, Musical films, Political films, Films based on plays, Films based on musicals, Children's films
Actors Albert Finney, Carol Burnett, Bernadette Peters, Ann Reinking, Tim Curry, Geoffrey Holder
Roles Actor on Radio (uncredited)
Rating65% 3.2993153.2993153.2993153.2993153.299315
In 1933, during The Great Depression, a young orphan named Annie is living in the Hudson Street Orphanage in New York City. One night, Annie comforts one of the youngest orphans by singing to her (“Maybe”). The orphanage's cruel and alcoholic supervisor Agatha Hannigan hears the singing, and punishes the orphans by making them clean up the orphanage ("It's the Hard Knock Life"). Later while trying to flee in a laundry truck, Annie rescues a dog being tormented by a group of boys. She names him Sandy after convincing a dogcatcher that he is hers (“Dumb Dog”), and the pair is escorted back to the orphanage. Soon after, Miss Hannigan discovers Sandy and threatens to send him to the sausage factory (“Sandy”). However, Grace Farrell, a secretary to billionaire Oliver Warbucks, arrives, saying that he wants an orphan to stay at his mansion for a week to help his image. Despite Hannigan's objections, Grace picks Annie and allows Sandy to accompany her.
Head On
Head On (1980)
, 1h26
Origin Canada
Genres Drama, Thriller
Actors Sally Kellerman, Stephen Lack, Lawrence Dane, John Huston, Tiffany Million, Hadley Kay
Roles Clarke Hill
Rating41% 2.088792.088792.088792.088792.08879
Michelle Keys and Peter Hill are two strangers who meet by accident in a head-on traffic accident. Both of them receive only minor injuries but they bring legal action against each other. Soon their business relationship leads to romance as their mutual attraction to one another transforms into a bizarre game of sexual upmanship with each encounter becoming more perverse.
The Return of the King, 1h38
Directed by Arthur Rankin Jr., Jules Bass
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Fantasy, Adventure, Animation
Themes Feminist films, Films about magic and magicians, Monde imaginaire, Middle-earth films, Political films, Children's films
Actors Orson Bean, John Huston, William Conrad, Roddy McDowall, Theodore Bikel, Brother Theodore
Roles Gandalf (voice)
Rating57% 2.864022.864022.864022.864022.86402
During the 129th birthday celebration for Bilbo Baggins in Rivendell, Frodo begins his story with Samwise Gamgee, his friend and companion, treading through Mordor as Ring-bearer in Frodo's absence, when Frodo is captive in the orc' fortress of Cirith Ungol. During his journey, Sam ponders claiming the Ring himself; but rejects the idea and rescues Frodo.
Wise Blood
Wise Blood (1979)
, 1h46
Directed by John Huston
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Comedy, Comedy-drama
Themes Films about religion
Actors Brad Dourif, John Huston, Dan Shor, Harry Dean Stanton, Amy Wright, Ned Beatty
Roles Grandfather
Rating68% 3.4446353.4446353.4446353.4446353.444635
Wise Blood follows the troubled life of Hazel "Haze" Motes, a 22-year-old veteran of an unspecified war and a preacher of the Church of Truth Without Christ. The Church – a "religious" organization of Haze's own creation – serves to further his bitter, passion-fueled and often spiteful words against anyone or anything representing a belief in God, an afterlife, judgement, sin or evil.
Jaguar Lives!, 1h36
Directed by Ernest Pintoff
Origin USA
Genres Martial arts, Comedy, Action, Spy, Martial arts
Themes Spy films, Sports films, Martial arts films
Actors Christopher Lee, Donald Pleasence, Barbara Bach, Capucine, Joseph Wiseman, Woody Strode
Roles Ralph Richards
Rating42% 2.1250452.1250452.1250452.1250452.125045
After his partner is killed, a secret agent and karate expert (Joe Lewis) sets out to defeat an international drug cartel.
The Visitor, 1h39
Directed by Giulio Paradisi
Genres Science fiction, Horror
Themes Films set in the future, Demons in film, Films about extraterrestrial life, Films about extraterrestrial life, Alien invasions in films, Disaster films
Actors John Huston, Mel Ferrer, Glenn Ford, Lance Henriksen, Sam Peckinpah, Shelley Winters
Roles Jerzy Colsowicz
Rating52% 2.601812.601812.601812.601812.60181
The film opens with vague impressions of nature and supernatural forces before centering on a Christ-like figure telling a story to a group of bald pupils, most of whom are children. He tells a story about cosmic forces in conflict. In particular, he warns about the threat of Sateen, an evil inter-spacial force of immense magnitude. The film cuts to The Omni in Atlanta, Georgia where two fictional teams are playing a basketball game. The owner of the Atlanta team, Raymond Armstead (Lance Henriksen), sits courtside and promises an interviewer that the team will win at all costs. Since Raymond is a new owner and the source of his wealth is unknown, the interviewer presses him on the source of his wealth. He eventually answers that the money comes "from God".