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Robert Wise is a Actor, Director, Scriptwriter, Producer, Editor and Sound Effects Editor American born on 10 september 1914 at Winchester (USA)

Robert Wise

Robert Wise
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Birth name Robert Earl Wise
Nationality USA
Birth 10 september 1914 at Winchester (USA)
Death 14 september 2005 (at 91 years) at Los Angeles (USA)
Awards National Medal of Arts, Academy Award for Best Director

Robert Earl Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was an American film director, producer and editor. He won Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Picture for West Side Story (1961) and The Sound of Music (1965). He was also nominated for Best Film Editing for Citizen Kane (1941) and Best Picture for The Sand Pebbles (1966).

Among his other films are The Body Snatcher (1945), Born to Kill (1947), The Set-Up (1949), The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951), Destination Gobi (1953), This Could Be The Night (1957), Run Silent, Run Deep (1958), I Want to Live! (1958), The Haunting (1963), The Andromeda Strain (1971), The Hindenburg (1975) and Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979).

Wise was the president of the Directors Guild of America from 1971 to 1975 and the president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences from 1984 through 1987.

Often contrasted with auteur directors such as Stanley Kubrick, who tended to bring a distinctive directorial "look" to a particular genre, Wise is famously viewed to have allowed his (sometimes studio assigned) story to dictate style. Later critics, such as Martin Scorsese, expanded that characterization, insisting that despite Wise's notorious workaday concentration on stylistic perfection within the confines of genre and budget, his choice of subject matter and approach still functioned to identify Wise as an artist and not merely an artisan. Through whatever means, Wise's approach brought him critical success as a director in many different traditional film genres: horror, noir, western, war, science fiction, musical and drama, with many repeat successes within each genre. Wise's tendency towards professionalism led to a degree of preparedness which, though nominally motivated by studio budget constraints, nevertheless advanced the moviemaking art, with many Academy Award-winning films as the result. Robert Wise received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1998.

Biography

Des débuts dans le montage
À la suite de la crise de 1929 Robert Wise interrompt ses études de journalisme dans l'Indiana et émigre en Californie. Il débute dans l'industrie du cinéma en 1933 en rejoignant la RKO, qui a embauché son frère comme comptable. Lui se retrouve coursier et porte des bobines de film entre les salles de montage et de projection. L'année suivante, il commence un apprentissage dans le bruitage et le montage son pour un film de l'ère Pré-Code du studio, L'Emprise, réalisé par John Cromwell.

En 1939, il est l'un des monteurs les plus réputés de la RKO. Il travaille sur Quasimodo de William Dieterle, sixième adaptation du roman Notre-Dame de Paris avec Charles Laughton et Maureen O'Hara. Orson Welles fait ensuite appel à lui à deux reprises, tout d'abord pour Citizen Kane (1941) — qui lui vaut une nomination à l'Oscar du meilleur montage —, puis pour La Splendeur des Amberson (1942).


Passage à la réalisation
Wise passe à la réalisation en 1943, lorsque la RKO lui demande de remplacer Gunther von Fritsch sur le tournage d'un film fantastique, La Malédiction des hommes-chats, qui a pris du retard. Suivent plusieurs films de série B qui lui permettent de se démarquer, comme Le Récupérateur de cadavres (1945), un film d'horreur avec Boris Karloff, et le film noir Né pour tuer (1947). Il signe Nous avons gagné ce soir en 1949, un film sur la boxe pour lequel il obtient le Prix de la critique au Festival de Cannes. C'est aussi un des premiers films dont l'action se déroule en temps réel.

En 1951, il réalise Le Jour où la Terre s'arrêta, un film de science-fiction sur la prolifération des armes nucléaires souvent considéré comme la première œuvre d'envergure du genre dans le cinéma américain. En 1956, il met en scène un film épique, Hélène de Troie — dans lequel Brigitte Bardot tient son premier rôle hors de France —, et un western, La Loi de la prairie. En 1958, il réalise un film de guerre, L'Odyssée du sous-marin Nerka, et Je veux vivre ! qui raconte l'histoire de Barbara Graham, première femme à avoir été exécutée aux États-Unis. Ce réquisitoire contre la peine de mort lui permet d'être nommé à l'Oscar du meilleur réalisateur.


Quinze Oscars en quatre ans
En 1961, Wise produit et coréalise West Side Story avec le chorégraphe Jerome Robbins. C'est la première adaptation de la comédie musicale à succès de même nom créée par Leonard Bernstein, Arthur Laurents et Stephen Sondheim. Ce long-métrage ressuscite le film musical hollywoodien, genre considéré en déclin depuis Les Girls de George Cukor en 1957. Triomphe international, West Side Story obtient dix Oscars dont ceux du meilleur film et du meilleur réalisateur. Le cinéaste met ensuite en scène La Maison du diable (1963), devenu un classique du cinéma d'épouvante, servi par une mise en scène magistrale avec très peu d'effets spéciaux. En 1965, il obtient un nouveau succès mondial grâce à un autre film musical, La Mélodie du bonheur, adapté cette fois du livre autobiographique de la chanteuse autrichienne Maria Augusta Trapp. Le film surpasse Autant en emporte le vent (1939) en nombre d'entrées, ce qui ne s'est encore jamais vu à l'époque, et obtient cinq Oscars dont ceux du meilleur film et du meilleur réalisateur.

La Mélodie du bonheur est un film de transition pour Wise, désireux d'apaiser la 20th Century Fox qui s'inquiétait du temps pris par la préproduction de La Canonnière du Yang-Tse (1966), long-métrage se déroulant en 1926 pendant la guerre civile chinoise. Anticolonialiste, le film met en vedette Steve McQueen, Richard Attenborough et Candice Bergen avec un tournage à Taiwan et Hong Kong, en pleine guerre du Viêt Nam. Voulu comme une parabole sur ce conflit, le film est acclamé par la critique. Steve McQueen reçoit son unique nomination aux Oscars pour sa performance dans le film.


Une carrière de 57 ans
Étalée sur sur 57 ans, la carrière du réalisateur est éclectique : films catastrophe, histoires d'amour, drames, westerns, films policiers, films de guerre, films musicaux, films fantastiques et films de science-fiction. Au total, 40 longs-métrages qui ont marqué à des degrés divers l'histoire du cinéma. Même au crépuscule de sa carrière, le réalisateur s'implique dans la production de films sur DVD, allant jusqu'à apparaître publiquement pour les promouvoir.

Wise a personnellement obtenu quatre Oscars : deux en 1962 pour West Side Story et deux en 1966 pour La Mélodie du bonheur, chaque fois pour le meilleur film et le meilleur réalisateur. En 1967, il reçoit l'Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award, un prix décerné par l'Académie des arts et des sciences du cinéma pour récompenser sa carrière de producteur. Il présidera ensuite cette académie de 1985 à 1988, succédant au directeur artistique Gene Allen.

Wise meurt le 14 septembre 2005 d'une crise cardiaque à l'UCLA Medical Center de Los Angeles. Après des funérailles célébrées en l’église de l'Immaculée Conception de Lock Haven, ses cendres sont remises à sa famille et ses amis.

Best films

The Sound of Music (1965)
(Director)
West Side Story (1961)
(Director)
The Hindenburg (1975)
(Director)
Citizen Kane (1941)
(Editor)
I Want to Live! (1958)
(Director)
Somebody Up There Likes Me (1956)
(Director)

Usually with

Source : Wikidata

Filmography of Robert Wise (66 films)

Display filmography as list

Actor

The Battle Over Citizen Kane, 1h53
Directed by Michael Epstein
Origin USA
Genres Documentary
Themes Films about films, Films about writers, Films about television, Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the film industry, Documentaire sur une personnalité, Documentary films about films
Actors Orson Welles, Paul Winfield, Peter Bogdanovich, Robert Wise
Rating77% 3.89243.89243.89243.89243.8924
In Citizen Kane, Welles plays Charles Foster Kane, whose fictional life partially mirrors that of Hearst's. However, Chicago inventor and utilities magnate Samuel Insull, Chicago Tribune publisher Robert R. McCormick, and even Welles's own life were used in creating Kane.
The Stupids, 1h34
Directed by John Landis
Origin USA
Genres Comedy, Adventure
Themes Children's films
Actors Tom Arnold, Jessica Lundy, Bug Hall, Alex McKenna, Scott Kraft, Mark Metcalf
Roles Stanley's Neighbor
Rating43% 2.153542.153542.153542.153542.15354
Joan and Stanley Stupid are convinced they are victims of a conspiracy that steals their garbage every week and in an attempt to uncover this, Stanley follows the garbage truck to the city dump where he stumbles across Lieutenant Neidermeyer who is selling contraband weaponry to a group of terrorists. Neidermeyer believes Stanley to be a secret agent who has uncovered their operation and orders him to be assassinated, and after several attempts on his life result in humorous dispatching of his would be assassins, Stanley narrowly escapes a carbomb and is presumed dead by Neidermeyer.
Visions of Light, 1h32
Origin USA
Genres Documentary, Historical
Themes Films about films, Documentary films about business, Documentary films about the visual arts, Documentary films about the film industry, Documentaire sur une personnalité
Actors Vittorio Storaro, Sven Nykvist, Néstor Almendros, Haskell Wexler, Gordon Willis, Michael Ballhaus
Rating76% 3.8439653.8439653.8439653.8439653.843965
The film is the equivalent of a walk through a cinema museum. The doc interviews many modern-day directors of photography and they illustrate via examples their best work and the scenes from films that influenced them to pursue their art.
Executive Suite, 1h44
Directed by Robert Wise
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Romance
Actors William Holden, Barbara Stanwyck, Fredric March, Walter Pidgeon, June Allyson, Louis Calhern
Rating73% 3.696413.696413.696413.696413.69641
While in New York City to meet with investment bankers, 56-year-old Avery Bullard, president and driving force of the Tredway Corporation, a major furniture manufacturing company in the town of Millburgh, Pennsylvania, drops dead in the street. As he collapses in the street he drops his wallet which is picked up by a bystander, emptied of its cash, and shoved into a wastebasket. Without the wallet, there's no way to immediately identify the body as Bullard.

Director

Rooftops
Rooftops (1989)
, 1h38
Directed by Robert Wise
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Action, Musical, Crime
Themes Dance films, Musical films
Actors Jason Gedrick, Troy Beyer, Eddie Velez, Tisha Campbell-Martin, Lauren Tom, Alexis Cruz
Rating48% 2.427892.427892.427892.427892.42789
Un groupe de jeunes du Lower East Side (New-York) s'installent sur le toit d'un immeuble abandonné.
Wisdom
Wisdom (1986)
, 1h49
Directed by Emilio Estevez, Robert Wise
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Crime, Romance
Themes Children's films
Actors Emilio Estevez, Demi Moore, Tom Skerritt, Veronica Cartwright, William Allen Young, Ernie Lively
Rating58% 2.9011452.9011452.9011452.9011452.901145
John Wisdom is a young man just out of college. He's branded a felon after a grand theft auto conviction on the night of his high school graduation, and as a result can't hold down a decent job. Seeing little future for himself, Wisdom takes a left turn: he becomes a criminal "for the people," evocative of Robin Hood. After seeing news reports about all the impoverished farmers and working class being sent to the bank to pay ownership debts, Wisdom goes on a bank robbing spree with his girlfriend, Karen Simmons; they erase loan and mortgage records, buying time for the poor to pay their debts.
Star Trek: The Motion Picture, 2h6
Directed by Leonard Nimoy, William Shatner, Robert Wise, Stephen Collins, Gene Roddenberry, Persis Khambatta
Origin USA
Genres Science fiction, Action, Adventure
Themes Space adventure films, Dans l'espace, Films set in the future, Films about extraterrestrial life, Political films, Space opera, Films about extraterrestrial life, Robot films
Actors William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, James Doohan, Walter Koenig, Nichelle Nichols
Rating63% 3.1999753.1999753.1999753.1999753.199975
In 2273, a Starfleet monitoring station, Epsilon Nine, detects an alien force, hidden in a massive cloud of energy, moving through space towards Earth. The cloud destroys three of the Klingon Empire's new K't'inga-class warships and the monitoring station en route. On Earth, the starship Enterprise is undergoing a major refit; her former commanding officer, James T. Kirk, has been promoted to Admiral and works in San Francisco as Chief of Starfleet Operations. Starfleet dispatches Enterprise to investigate the cloud entity as the ship is the only one in intercept range, requiring her new systems to be tested in transit.
Audrey Rose, 1h53
Directed by Robert Wise
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Thriller, Fantastic, Fantasy, Horror
Themes Films about religion, Ghost films
Actors Marsha Mason, Anthony Hopkins, John Beck, Susan Swift, Norman Lloyd, Robert Walden
Rating57% 2.8993452.8993452.8993452.8993452.899345
Ivy Templeton (Susan Swift) is a ten-year-old girl, living with her parents, Janice and Bill Templeton (Marsha Mason and John Beck), in New York City. Her parents notice a stranger stalking them over the course of a few weeks, and discover, over lunch with him, that his name is Elliot Hoover (Anthony Hopkins). Hoover is convinced that Ivy is a reincarnation of his daughter Audrey Rose, who died in a fiery car accident, along with his wife, two minutes before Ivy was born. Hoover had come to believe this through information given to him by two clairvoyant psychics. Bill asks a friend of his, an attorney, to hide in their apartment to hear Hoover's full story to build a case against him, but when Hoover speaks Audrey's name out loud, Ivy hears him from her room and enters an altered state where she cannot be calmed down without the assistance of Hoover. In this state, she bangs her hands on a window and becomes burned, which Hoover says is a result of his daughter's experience of being burned alive in the car.
The Hindenburg, 1h45
Directed by Robert Wise, Howard Kazanjian
Origin USA
Genres Drama, War, Thriller, Action, Adventure, Historical
Themes La fin du monde, Transport films, Aviation films, Disaster films, American disaster films, Films about aviation accidents or incidents
Actors George C. Scott, Anne Bancroft, William Atherton, Roy Thinnes, Gig Young, Burgess Meredith
Rating62% 3.1491753.1491753.1491753.1491753.149175
Kathie Rauch (Ruth Schudson), a psychic from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, sends a letter to the German Embassy in Washington, D.C. claiming the Hindenburg zeppelin will explode after flying over New York. In the meantime, Luftwaffe Colonel Franz Ritter (George C. Scott) boards with the intention of protecting the Hindenburg as various threats have been made to down the airship, which some see as a symbol of Nazi Germany.
Two People
Two People (1973)
, 1h40
Directed by Robert Wise, Denis Amar
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Romance
Actors Peter Fonda, Lindsay Wagner, Estelle Parsons, Alan Fudge, Philippe March, Frances Sternhagen
Rating62% 3.144653.144653.144653.144653.14465
Deirdre McCluskey is a Manhattan-based fashion model who has completed an assignment for Vogue with her lover, photographer Ron Kesselman, and magazine editor Barbara Newman in Marrakech. Ron has announced plans to explore the Sahara Desert in lieu of returning home to his and Deidre's out-of-wedlock son Marcus, leaving her and Barbara to journey to Casablanca by train without him the following morning.
The Andromeda Strain, 2h11
Directed by Robert Wise, James Fargo
Origin USA
Genres Drama, Science fiction, Thriller
Themes Medical-themed films, Films based on science fiction novels, Films about viral outbreaks, Disaster films, American disaster films
Actors Arthur Hill, James Olson, Kate Reid, David Wayne, Paula Kelly, George Mitchell
Rating71% 3.598573.598573.598573.598573.59857
Two crewmembers of the U.S. government's "Project Scoop" investigate the town of Piedmont, New Mexico, to retrieve the Scoop 7 satellite. They find townspeople dead in the streets and die themselves while reporting back to Scoop Mission Control. Suspecting the satellite may have brought back an extraterrestrial pathogen, Scoop Mission Control activates an elite scientific team it had previously recruited for just this type of emergency.